52 terms

US history Review

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New england colonies
massachusetts, connecticut, new hampshire, rhode island
why did the new england colonies settle?
-practice religion without persecution (religion Puritans)
new england colonies economic activity:
dependent on the ocean
Middle Colonies:
New York Pennsylvania, New Jersey Delaware
Why did the middle colonies settle?
religious tolerance attracted immigrants (Roger Williams)
middle colonies economic activity:
-agriculture
-logging, shipbuilding
-craftsmen (blacksmith)
Southern colonies
maryland, virginia, north carolina, south carolina, georgia
why did the southern colonies settle?
-refuge
southern colonies economic activity:
-farming rice, tobacco
-large plantations and slaves
1565-first permanent settlement of the Spanish at St. Augustine
...
1607- Jamestown, Virginia
first permanent English settlement
Jamestown, Virginia
leader: John Smith
reason for colonization: gold
nearby Native Americans: Powhatan
Form of self government: House of Burgesses
Plymouth, Massachusetts
leader: William Bradford
reason for colonization: religious freedom
Nearby native americans: Wampanoag
Form of self government: Mayflower Compact
French and Indian War(seven years war)
french vs english
Reasons for French and Indian War
1. Fur Trade
2.Land
3.Indian Relations
land
-english colonists bought 500,000 acres of land in the Ohio Valley to farm
-this hurt the french colonial fur trade
1763 Treaty of Paris
-war ended
-France lost all of its north American territory
Mercantilism
selling raw materials
The Navigation Acts
all goods were to be carried on British ships
Proclamation of 1763
forbade colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains
-bristish government passed this because they did not want trouble with Indians(Pontiac's Rebellion)
Stamp Act
parliament passed stamp act to pay for war's expences
result of stamp act
colonists refuse british goods(boycott)
-Sons of Liberty began
Townshend Acts
placed taxes on tea, glass, paper, paint
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
protested the laws by boycotting and protesting (Boston Massacre)
Tea Act
lead to Boston Tea Party
Intolerable Acts
four parts:
-close Boston Harbor
-forbade town meetings
-British solders could only be tried in British courts
-Quartering Act (British soldiers could stay in colonists homes)
Thomas Paine
publish a booklet- Common Sense; more than anything else, Common Sense persuaded colonists to want independence
1775-Lexington and Concord
"the short heard around the world"
Second Continental COngress
established the Continental Army
George Washington
leader of Continental Army
July 4, 1776
Declaration of Independence ratified by the Congress
1777-Battle of Saratoga (turning point of the war)
-The patriots surrounded John Borgoyne (British general) at Saratoga
-Americans captured the whole army of General Burgoyne
-France decided to enter the war on the side of the Americans to fight the British
Valley Forge
-Washington and his army camped at Valley Forge
-a Prussian soldier, Baron Von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette helped train American Soldiers at valley forge
New Jersey Plan
small state plan- all states would have equal representation, unicameral congress, presented by William Patterson
Virginia Plan
large state plan- representation based on population, proposed by James Madison, but presented by Edmund Randor
The Great Compromise
bicameral, based on population
3/5 compromise
slaves were counted as 3/5 of a person for representation in congress and prohibited slave import after 1807
electoral college
people elect people to electoral college to vote for president
Federalists
supported stronger government and constitution
Anti-Federalist
opposed consitution (samuel adams, Patrick Henry)
The Bill of Rights
had to include a bill of rights to satisfy anti-federalists, written by James Madison
war between Great Britain and France: people wanted to take sides
Jeffersonian Democratic Republicans- wanted to side with France.
Hamiltonians Federalists- wanted to side with Great Britain.
Alien laws
raised residence requirements to become a citizen form 5 years to 14 years, also gave president power to deport anyone who is suspicious
Napolean sold to America which land
Louisiana Purchase
April 1803- Louisiana Purchase finalized
Robert Livingston: along with James Monroe, he negotiated in Paris for the Louisiana land area; signed a treaty on April 30, 1803, ceding Louisiana to the United States for $15 million. The Americans had signed 3 treaties and gotten much land to the west of the Mississippi. 820,000 square miles at 3 cents/acre. (Louisiana Purchase)
Who President Jefferson sent to explore western land
Meriwether Lewis and a military officer, William Clark to explore the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase.
Nationalism
Extreme pride in our country; developed strongly after War of 1812
Missouri Compromise
Missouri slave state; Maine free state.
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
Monroe stated that the era of colonization in the Americas was over.
What conflict emerged with Missouri's request for statehood?
Slave or free state?
Explain Missouri Compromise
a temporary solution to questions of slavery and territorial rights
What events led to issuing the Monroe Doctrine?
Westward Expansion

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