Terms in this set (113)
The upper central area if the body, which is subdivided into 2 cavities, the left pleural cavity and the right pleural cavity.
Serous membrane protecting the lungs and lining the internal surface of the thoracic cavity.
The first 7 pairs of ribs, which connect directly to the sternum.
The 5 pairs of lower ribs that connect to the 7th rib rather than to the sternum, or make no anterior connection.
The partition between the 2 nasal cavities.
Tiny lashlike processes of protoplasm
Nerve that supplies the nasal mucosa and provides a sense of smell.
A recessed cavity if hollow space, filled with air, around the nasal cavity
Cavities of the body
Elastic cartilage that prevents food from entering the trachea.
The voice box
The space within the vocal cords of the larynx.
1 of the 2 primary branches of the trachea.
1 of the small subdivisions of a bronchus.
Alveolar sacs (Alveoli)
Air sacs found in the lung.
Inflammation of the lining of the lungs.
The intrapleural space separating the sternum in front and the vertebral column behind.
The physical and chemical process by which the body supplies the cells and tissues with oxygen and rids them of carbon dioxide.
Breathing; the act of inspiration and expiration.
The exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen between cells and the lymph surrounding them; the oxidative process of energy in cells.
Cellular respiration (Oxidation)
The use of oxygen to release energy from the cell.
Inhalation; the process of breathing air in.
Exhalation; the process of breathing air out.
A device that measures the volume and flow of air during inspiration and expiration.
The amount of air that moves in and out of the lungs with each breath.
Airway obstruction caused by an inflammatory reaction to a stimulus
Exercise induced asthma
Airway narrowing as a result of increased physical activity.
S&S coughing, wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty breathing), chest tightness.
Narrowing of the bronchioles
bruising of the intercostal muscles by a direct blow to the ribs.
S&S point tenderness, pain with palpation, sharp pain with breathing
TREATMENT removal from activity, ice, evaluate for more serious injury.
A break in the bony structure of the thorax.
S&S pain in breathing, point tenderness, crepitus, rapid shallow breaths
TREATMENT immediate medical attention, treat for shock
A fracture of 3 or more consecutive ribs on the same side of the chest.
The opposite of what is expected.
A grating feeling produced by fractured bone ends rubbing together.
Bruising over the central area of the chest as a result of a direct blow
S&S tenderness, swelling, restricted motion
TREATMENT ice, compression
Bruising of the heart muscle
S&S severe pain, rapid onset of shock, cardiac tamponade
TREATMENT activation of EMS, be ready to administer CPR
A buildup of fluid in the pericardium.
Sudden death syndrom
The rapid collapse and death of an otherwise healthy person; usually the result of an unknown congenital disorder
S&S chest pain, discomfort when exercising, SOB, profuse sweating,
TREATMENT provide CPR until EMS arrives
Thickening of the cardiac muscle
Condition in which air enters the pleural space between the chest wall and ling
S&S chest pain, difficulty breathing, cyanosis (blush color), unequal expansion
TREATMENT activate EMS, apply dressing over wounds,
Sucking chest wound
An open wound in the chest that allows air to enter and become trapped in the pleural space
The space between the lung and the chest wall
The rupture of a weakened area of the lung, which allows air to escape into the pleural space
Condition in which the air entrapped in the pleural space puts pressure on the heart and lung
An accumulation of blood in the pleural space
Coughing up blood
A crackling sound heard when breathing .
A cluster of nerves located in the upper middle region of the abdomen; also known as the solar plexus
Breathing faster than required for proper exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
S&S chest pain, dizziness
TREATMENT Calm and reassuring, if loss of consciousness and not regained quickly activate EMS
Pain that occurs just under the rib cage during vigorous exercise
S&S pain under ribs
TREATMENT stretching, relaxing, walk briskly
The area from below the diaphragm to the pelvic floor; there is no separation between the abdomen and pelvis
The area of the body that contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, small intestine, appendix, and part of the large intestine
The area of the body containing the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, rectum, and the remainder of the large intestine
A major organ of digestion located in the upper left quadrant of the abdominal cavity
Circular muscle fibers around the cardiac end of the esophagus
A valve that regulates the movement of food from the stomach to the duodenum
The first part of the small intestine
The section of small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum
The lower part of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the large intestine.
The passage of a substance into the body fluids and tissues.
one of two pigments that determines the color of bile; reddish in color
The structure that carries bile from the liver to the common bile duct,
The duct from the gallbladder to the common bile duct
Common bile duct
The passage that brings bile to the duodenum
A buildup of bilirubin and bile in the bloodstream, which tints skin and eyes a yellowish color
A polysaccharide formed and stored in the liver
A small pearshaped organ that stores and concentrates bile
The large intestine
A pouch at the proximal end of the large intestine
A fingerlike projection, of unknown function, that protrudes into the abdominal cavity to the lower left cecum
The portion of the colon that travels up the right side of the abdominal cavity
The portion of the colon that veers left across the abdomen to the spleen
The portion of the colon that travels down to the left side of the abdominopelvic cavity
The S-shaped portion of the colon
The portion of the colon that opens into the anus
Located behind the peritoneum
The tough fibrous tissue covering the kidney
The indentation along the medial boarder of the kidney
The funnel shaped structure at the beginning of the ureter
The outer portion of an organ
The inner portion of an organ
The functional unit of the kidney
Structure that takes blood from the renal artery to the Bowmans capsule
The double walled capsule around the glomerulus of a nephron
Capillaries inside the Bowmans capsule
Proximal convoluted tubule
The twisted tubular branch off the bowmans capsule
Loop of henle
The proximal convoluted that decends into the medulla
Distal convoluted tubule
The tubular structure that ascends to the cortex from the loop of henle
The structure in the nephron that collects urine from the distal convoluted tubule
The structure that carries blood from the glomerulus
The long, narrow tube that conveys urine from the kidneys to the badder
A muscular, membrane lined sac that holds urine
The tube that takes urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
The outside opening of the urethra
The upper region of the abdomen
The area located around the naval
The nine regions of the abdomen
The lower region of the abdomen
Bruising of the kidney
S&S pain in high posterior abdomen radiating to lower abdominal region
TREATMENT must be taken to hospital immediatly
Blood in the urine
S&S bleeding, shock, refered pain below right scapula, right shoulder
A large lymphatic organ that filters blood and helps activate the immune system
Pain that radiates to the left shoulder and down the left arm; results from a spleen injury or rupture
S&S pain, low BP
TREATMENT Activation of EMS , treatment for shock
A protrusion of abdominal tissue through a portion of the abdominal wall
S&S bulge, pain
Right upper quadrant
liver, pancreas, right kidney
Left upper quadrant
Spleen, stomach, left kidney, pancreas (Part)
Right lower quadrant
Appendix, right ovary, bladder (Midline)
Left lower quadrant
Colon, left ovary
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