Nonverbal communications: Exam 1

Terms in this set (61)

This theory explains how you are likely to respond differently to your partner's increase or decrease in intimacy depending on whether you think your partner is rewarding or unrewarding.
Suggest that we can actually produce more positive outcomes by behavior in unexpected ways then by doing what others expect.
The key concepts are expectancy, expectancy violations, violation valence, and communicator reward.

Expectations: It can be either predictive (tell us hat to expect in a given situation based on what usually occurs in the situation) or prescriptive (what to expect in a given situation based on what is appropriate or desired. These are driven by physical characteristics, relationships, context,

expectancy violation: positive violations produce more favorable outcomes and negative violations produce more unfavorable ones.

Violations valence: when something unexpected can be consider positive or negative. We make judgments when our expectations are violated that help us to label the experience as positive or negative. This includes the nature of the behavior like getting punch or being taken on a cruse. Other times, they are vague.

communicator reward level: It is when we cannot decide on the valence of the violation by looking only at the behavior, we think about the characteristics of the person who caused the violation, and how rewarding we consider that person to be. This can result to positive or negative responses if the person is rich, attractive, powerful or the opposite.

Extra notes:
People develop expectation about the verbal and nonverbal communication of others.
violations of these expectations are arousing and distracting
communicator reward level influences how ambiguous communication behavior are interpreted and evaluated.
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