How to write a paragraph


Terms in this set (...)

Hook or Opening Statement
One or two sentences that "hook" the reader and give a broad description of what your essay will be about.
Topic Sentence
a sentence that expresses the main idea of the paragraph in which it occurs
Supporting Sentence
The topic sentence captures the main idea of the paragraph. The second part of a paragraph is the body of the paragraph, the supporting sentences. The sentences in the body of the paragraph provide details to support the topic.
Thesis Statement
The thesis statement is that sentence or two in your text that contains the focus of your essay and tells your reader what the essay is going to be about.
Coherence is the quality that makes your writing understandable. Sentences within a paragraph need to connect to each other and work together as a whole. One of the best ways to achieve coherency is to use transition words. These words create bridges from one sentence to the next. You can use transition words that show order (first, second, third); spatial relationships (above, below) or logic (furthermore, in addition, in fact). Also, in writing a paragraph, using a consistent verb tense and point of view are important ingredients for coherency.
Unity in a paragraph begins with the topic sentence. Every paragraph has one single, controlling idea that is expressed in its topic sentence, which is typically the first sentence of the paragraph. A paragraph is unified around this main idea, with the supporting sentences providing detail and discussion. In order to write a good topic sentence, think about your theme and all the points you want to make. Decide which point drives the rest, and then write it as your topic sentence.
Order refers to the way you organize your supporting sentences. Whether you choose chronological order, order of importance, or another logical presentation of detail, a solid paragraph always has a definite organization. In a well-ordered paragraph, the reader follows along easily, aided by the pattern you've established. Order helps the reader grasp your meaning and avoid confusion.
Completeness means a paragraph is well-developed. If all sentences clearly and sufficiently support the main idea, then your paragraph is complete. If there are not enough sentences or enough information to prove your thesis, then the paragraph is incomplete. Usually three supporting sentences, in addition to a topic sentence and concluding sentence, are needed for a paragraph to be complete. The concluding sentence or last sentence of the paragraph should summarize your main idea by reinforcing your topic sentence.
Clincher Sentence
The clincher sentence repeats or reflects the topic sentence. It essentially wraps up the paragraph and tells the reader that the paragraph has concluded
Subject written about
Expository Essay
Non-fiction essay
Persuasive Essay
Attempt at convincing the reader to agree with the author
Narrative Essay
Fiction essay