75 terms

Chapter 5-Infection Control: Principles and Practices Review Questions

Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are obtained from:
The product manufacturer
Regulatory agencies and governmental health departments require businesses that serve the public to:
Follow prescribed sanitary precautions
Bacteria are very small and can only be seen with the aid of:
A microscope
One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics are:
In the human body, nonpathogenic bacteria help metabolize food, protect against infectious microorganisms and:
Stimulate the immune response
Bacteria can exist:
Almost anywhere
A small minority of bacteria that cause disease when invading plant or animal tissue are:
A type of pathogenic bacteria that require living matter for growth are:
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines that resemble a string of beads are:
Cocci are pathogenic bacteria that are:
Bacteria that may cause strep throat or blood poisoning are:
Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:
Lyme disease, syphilis, or sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are caused by spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:
In humans, pathogenic bacteria are known to produce:
Bacteria that are transmitted through the air and rarely show active motility are:
Bacilli and spirilla bacteria are both motile and use slender, hairlike extensions known as:
Harmless bacteria are what type of bacteria?
Nonpathogenic bacteria
In 2000, a bacteria called Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for:
Whirlpool foot spas
Bacteria generally consist of an outer wall containing a liquid called:
The life cycle of bacteria has two distinct phases, the active stage and:
Inactive or spore-forming stage
The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells is:
Bacteria that pose little or no risk to a client in the salon setting but are dangerous in the medical setting are:
Anthrax and tetanus bacilli
The presence of pus is a sign of a(n):
Bacterial infection
When the body tissues are invaded by pathogenic bacteria, it is a sign of a(n):
Common human bacteria transferred through skin-to-skin contact or by using unclean implements are:
When a disease spreads from one person to another, it is communicable or:
An infection, indicated by a lesion containing pus, confined to a particular part of the body is a:
Local infection
When a disease spreads from one person to another by contact, it is:
A submicroscopic structure capable of infecting plants and animals including bacteria is a:
A virus can live and reproduce only by:
Penetrating other cells and becoming part of them
Hepatitis A, a bloodborne virus, is marked by an inflammation of the:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that cause:
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
An organism that lives on another living organism and draws its nourishment from that organism is a:
If nail implements have not been disinfected properly, the client may contact:
Nail fungus
Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids are:
Bloodborne pathogens
Transmission of bloodborne pathogens can become possible through shaving, nipping, facial treatments, waxing, tweezing, or:
Anytime the skin barrier is broken
A skin disease caused by an infection of head lice is:
The ability of the body to destroy pathogenic bacteria or viruses that have entered the body is:
The type of immunity the body develops after overcoming a
disease or through vaccinations is:
Acquired immunity
The surface of tools or objects not completely free from dirt, oils, and microbes are covered with:
The process of removing pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces is:
The three main types of decontamination are:
Sanitation, disinfection, and sterilization
Decontamination is a process that involves the use of:
Physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens
Estheticians who use needles and probes that lance the skin must use a level of decontamination called:
In the salon setting, disinfection is extremely effective in controlling
Microorganisms on non-living surfaces.
A higher level of decontamination than sanitation is:
An exception to the level of protection that disinfection provides and the possibility of an infection could be present if:
The client's skin is broken
A chemical agent that is used to destroy bacteria and viruses on surfaces is:
Disinfectants must have a registration number and be approved by the:
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
A manufacturer must supply pertinent safety and storage information by providing:
Material Safety Data Sheets
The agency that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is:
A disinfectant that meets regulatory agency requirements for destroying bacteria, fungi, and viruses is:
Bacterial, fungicidal, and virucidal
A disinfectant used in salons should be appropriate and have the correct:
A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids should be cleaned and:
Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant
Any item that cannot be disinfected after use on a client must be:
Common, very safe, and useful types of disinfectants that contain sophisticated blends that work to disinfect implements in 10 to 15 minutes are:
Quaternary ammonium compounds.
Disinfectants with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:
Phenolic disinfectants
To be effective in the disinfection of implements, ethyl alcohol must be no less than:
70 percent
A common household product used effectively as a disinfectant is:
Sodium hypochlorite
When mixing a disinfectant solution, add disinfectant to water and:
Mix according to the manufacturer's exact directions.
To avoid contaminating implements, remove from a disinfectant solution using:
Tongs, basket, or gloves
Store a clean, disinfected implement in:
A clean, dry container
How often must individual towels and linens be set aside to be laundered?
After use on a client
The contact points of equipment that cannot be immersed in liquid solutions should be cleaned and disinfected using a:
Regulatory oversight agency approved disinfectant
At the end of the day, the disinfection procedure for a foot spa should include removing and cleaning the screen, washing the screen and inlet with soap and water, and totally immersing the screen in an approved disinfectant according to manufacturer's directions and:
Flushing the system with low-sudsing soap and warm water for 10 minutes, rinsing, draining, and letting air-dry.
Every week, foot spas should be cleaned following the daily procedure and filled with:
A disinfectant solution and left at least 6 to 10 hours, then drained and flushed.
Any disposable material used in cleaning blood spills should be:
Placed in double bags before disposing or placed in a container for contaminated waste.
The first step in the decontamination process is called:
When using liquid soap, scrub your hands and lather for a least:
20 seconds
The use of bar soap is prohibited in most salons because bar soaps:
Grow bacteria
Which of these is a danger of using antibacterial soaps?
They may promote the growth of resistant strains.
Antiseptics are effective for:
Sanitizing the hands.
The agency that sets the standards for dealing with bloodborne pathogens is:
Universal precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for:
Bloodborne pathogens
A client is infected with Hepatitis B or other bloodborne pathogens and shows no symptoms or signs of infection is: