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APUSH Chapter 39
Terms in this set (34)
Lyndon B. Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
Charles de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Lee Harvey Oswald
United States assassin of President John F. Kennedy (1939-1963)
spread ideas of black nationalism. disagreed w/ both the tactics and goals of the early civil rights movement. minister of the nation of isam. rejected his original name because it was his family's slave name
Robert F. Kennedy
JFK's brother and was assassinated before being able to finish his political race
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
1964; Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history
The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
a civilian organization sponsored by the United States government
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Special Forces (Green Beret)
a division of the United States Army that is specially trained for guerilla fighting
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late 1950s-1975) and the United States (early 1960s-1973)
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Cuban Missile Crisis
the 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
Civil Rights Movement
movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens
Black voting record
Before the 24th amendment, black voting was about 15 percent due to poll taxes and literacy tests.
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
Assassination of Kennedy
Lee Harvey Oswald, Warren Commission Oswald acted alone, Jack Ruby killed Oswald
Election of 1964
LBJ beats Senator Goldwater who voted against the civil rights act and was a conservative republican
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
This gave the president authority to take "all neccessary measures to repel any armed attack against forces of the United States."
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Twenty Fourth Amendment
It outlawed taxing voters, i.e. poll taxes, at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it rboguth jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
a white officer beat a black motorist in LA which caused 6 days of violence and thirty four people to die. Home were burned and the national guard had to be brought in.
the belief that blacks should fight back if attacked. it urged blacks to achieve economic independence by starting and supporting their own business.
Assassination of Martin Luther King
assisnated at Nashville in 1968, , MLK is shot by a sniper around 6 who is James Earl Ray
OPeration Rolling Thunder
was the title of a gradual and sustained U.S. 2nd Air Division (later Seventh Air Force), U.S. Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force (VNAF) aerial bombardment campaign conducted against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) from 2 March 1965 until 1 November 1968, during the Vietnam War.
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
Six Days War
The war where 3 countries attacked Isreal at once (Jordan, Egypt, and Syria)
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
Election of 1968
1968; McCarthy challenged LBJ, who was politically wounded by the Tet Offensive and the Vietnam War; LBJ stepped down from the running, and Kennedy and McCarthy were left on the Democratic ballot; but Americans turned to Republican Nixon to restore social harmony and end the war
Sexual Revolution of the 1960's
Led by Elvis Presley, Marilyn Monroe and the Playboy magazine. Publicized sex for the first time.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APUSH Chapter 38
APUSH Chapter 38 Key Terms and People
APUSH Chapter 40
APUSH Chapter 39 Key Terms and People
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