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Terms in this set (53)
Transports everything that must be carried from one place to another within the body
Complex connective tissues in which living blood cells
Nonliving fluid matrix
A thin whitish layer
A percentage of the total blood volume
Acts as a carrier to shuttle certain molecules through the circulation.
Function primarily to ferry oxygen in blood to all cells of the body.
An iron bearing protein that transports the bulk of the oxygen that is carried in the blood.
A decrease in the oxygen carrying ability of the blood
Sickle cell anemia
The abnormal hemoglobin formed becomes spiky and sharp
Sickle cell trait
Generally do not display the symptoms but can pass on the sickle cell gene to their offspring
An excessive or abnormal increase in the number of erythrocytes
Are crucial to body defense against disease.
White blood cells, by contrast, are able to slip into and out of the blood vessels.
The body by responding to certain chemicals that diffuse from the damage cells.
Form flowing cytoplasmic extensions that help move them along
Indicates that a bacterial or viral infection is stewing in the body
An abnormally low WBC count
The bone marrow becomes cerous, and huge numbers of WBC are turned out rapidly.
Have a multi-lobed nucleus and very fine granules that respond to both acidic and basic stains
Have a blue red nucleus that resembles an old fashion telephone receiver and sport coarse, lysosomes like, brick red cytoplasmic granules
Rarest of the WBC containing granules that stain dark blue.
An inflammatory chemical that makes blood vessels leaky and attracts other WBC to the inflammatory site
Lack visible cytoplasmic granules
Large dark purple nucleus that occupies most of the cell volume
Have distinct U shaped nucleus, they resemble large lymphocytes
Not cells in strict sense, fragments of megakaryocytes
Fragments of bizarre multinucleate cells
Blood cell formation
Blood cell former
A hormone that controls the rate of erythrocyte prodcution
Stoppage of bleeding
The immediate response to blood vessel injury
Platelet plug formation
Become sticky and cling to the damaged site
A substance that plays an important role in clotting
A phospholipid that coats the surface of the platelets
Converts prothrombin present in plasma to thrombin
Thrombin then joins proteins into fibrin
Insoluble hairlike molecules
A clot that develops and persists is an unbroken blood vessel
A thrombus that breaks away from the vessel wall and floats freely in the blood stream
Insufficient number of circulating platelets
Small purplish blotches on the skin
Several different hereditary bleeding disorders that result from a lack of any of the factors needed for clotting
A substance that the body recognizes as foreign
Present in the plasma that attaches to RBC bearing surface antigens different from those on the patients RBC
Binding of the antibodies causes foreign RBC to clump
ABO blood groups
Based on two antigens, type A, and type B, a person inherents
Rh blood groups
One of the eight Rh antigens was originally identified in Rhesus monkeys
rupture of RBC
Blood group in both donors and recipients