558 terms

SAT

a combination of various SAT quizzes from different Quizlet users whom I find authoritative
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

integer
numbers without fractional or decimal parts (positive, negative and/or zero)
prime numbers
a number which can only be divided by itself and 1
Of 0, 1 & 2, which are prime?
2
percent
divide by 100 ( /100)
mean
average (add up the numbers, divide by the number of numbers
median
the middle of a set of numbers
mode
the most frequent occuring number in a set of numbers
What is significant about 3-4-5
Is a "special right" triangle
number of degrees in a triangle
180
number of degrees in a circle
360
"of" means...
times
"difference" means...
subtract
pythagorean theorem
If a triangle has two SIDEs that are equal it also has two...
angles that are equal
An equilateral triangle has...
three equal sides and three equal angles
Each angle of an equilateral triangle = x degrees
60
A number is divisible by 9 if....
the sum of its digits is divisible by nine
A number is divisible by 6 if...
it is divisible by both 2 and 3
A number is divisible by 4 if...
the last 2 digits are divisible by 4
358912 ends in 12, and is thus divisible by 4
A number is divisible by 3 if....
the sum of its digits is divisible by three
To get 10% of a number
divide the number by 10 (some people remember this as move the decimal place one to the left)
The square root of a number squared
is the number (sqr root of 3^^2 (or 9) is 3)
a^b * a^c =
a^(b+c)
(a^b)^c =
a^(b*c)
If we multiply an equation with greater than or less than by a negative number
the sign flips
x^-n =
1/x^n
1/x^-n =
x^n
x^0 =
1
sqrt(x) =
x^1/2
nth-rt(x) =
x^1/n
clandestine
characterized or done in secrecy or concealment.
coup
a highly successful, unexpected stroke, act, or move
enmity
feeling of ill-will
heresy
opinion or doctrine at opposition to the orthodox or accepted doctrine
implacable
not capable of being pleased
impetuous
of, pertaining to, or characterized by sudden or rash action, emotion, etc
furtive
taken, done, used, etc; by stealth
reclamation
the act or process of being reclaimed
thwart
successfully prevent from accomplishing a purpose
mercurial
changeable
maverick
independent in action or thought
stratagem
a plan, scheme, or trick for surprising or deceiving an enemy
pugnacious
inclined to quarrel or fight readily
rancorous
showing deep-seated resentment or ill-will
wary
watchful, being on guard against danger
abate
to put an end to; to weaken, suppress, or cause to subside
aberration
a deviation from the norm
consort
to associate or keep company with someone, usually for means of wrong-doing
contingent
dependent upon or existing based on something else
bane
a person or thing that spoils
baroque
irregular in shape or ornate in size; 17th century art movement
bellicose
eager to fight; quarrelsome
bucolic
rustic or pastoral; pertaining to rural farm lifestyle
capitulate
to surrender unconditionally
carnage
people or things left killed; the dead remaining after the battle
charlatan
an imposter; quack; phony
citadel
a fortress or stronghold
conjecture
a guess or hypothesis
abdicate
relinquish
cognizant
conscious of one's surroundings
accrue
to happen or result as a natural growth
acerbity
sourness, with roughness or astringency of taste
edification
moral improvement or guidance
docile
easily managed or handled; tractable
acquiesce
submit or comply silently or without protest
acumen
keen insight; shrewdness
dichotomy
division into two parts or kinds
dexterous
skillful or adroit in the use of hands or body
bourgeois
a member of the middle class
bovine
ox-like; cow-like
despondent
feeling or showing profound hopelessness
delineate
to portray in words; describe or outline with precision
consummate
to bring to a state of perfection
chagrin
a feeling marked by disappointment or humiliation
cathartic
calming or completely relieving of emotion
Novel
new and not resembling anything formerly known
Continence
self-control, self-restraint
Diffuse
to spread out widely, to scatter freely, to disseminate
Nebulous
vague, undefined
Insuperable
incapable of being submounted or overcome
Burnish
to polish; to make smooth and bright
Dour
sullen and gloomy; stern and severe
Elude
to avoid cleverly, to escape the perception of
Arcane
secret, obscure; known only to a few
Facile
easily accomplished; seeming to lack sincerity or depth; arrived at without due effort
Gamely
spritedly, bravely
Hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
Hypocrite
one who puts on a false appearence of virtue; one who criticizes a flaw he in fact possesses
Fitful
intermittent, lacking steadiness; characterized by irregular bursts of activity
Jocular
playful, humorous
Illusory
producing illusion, deceptive
Proxy
a person authorized to act for someone else
Peculate
to embezzle
Oust
to remove from position by force; eject
Ironic
poignantly contrary or incongruous to what was expected
Sportive
frolicsome, playful
Nefarious
intensely wicked or vicous
Adamant
stubbornly unyielding
Berate
to scold harshly
Coterie
an intimate group of people with a similar purpose
Imperious
commanding, domineering; urgent
Limber
flexible, capable of being shaped
Dogged
stubbornly persevering
Seraphic
angelic, sweet
Sophomoric
exibiting great immaturity and lack of judgement
Yen
a strong desire, craving
Aphorism
a short statement or principal
Curt
abrupt, short with words
Interlocutor
ones who take part in conversation
Extrude
to form or shape something by pushing it out, to force out, especially through a small opening
Malaise
a feeling of unease or depression
Stasis
a state of static balance or equilibrium; stagnation
Thwart
to block or prevent from happening; frustrate, defeat the hopes or aspirations of
Sully
to tarnish, taint
Wry
bent or twisted in shape or condition; dryly humorous
Obdurate
stubbornly persistent, resistant to persuasion
Lexicon
a dictionary; a stock of terms pertaining to a particular subject or vocabulary
Neonate
a newborn child
Imbibe
to recieve into the mind and take in, absorb
Husband
to manage economically; to use sparingly
Grotto
a small cave
Encumber
to weigh down, to burden
Pare
to trim off excess, reduce
Eschew
to shun; to avoid (as something wrong or distasteful)
Condole
to grieve; to express sympathy
Seminal
influential in an original way, providing a basis for further development for further development; creative
Pore
to read studiously or attentively
Philology
the study of ancient texts and languages
Palpable
capable of being touched or felt; easily perceived
Lithe
moving and bending with ease; marked by effortless grace
Morose
gloomy, sullen
Hiatus
a gap or interruption in space, time, or continuity
Tout
to praise or publicize loudly or extravagantly
Usury
the practice of lending money at exorbiant rates
Pique
to arouse anger or resentment in; provoke
Abandon
total lack of inhibition
Beget
to produce, especially as an effect or outgrowth; to bring about
Macabre
having death as a subject; dwelling on the gruesome
Paltry
pitifully small or worthless
Mitigate
to make less severe, make milder
Bovine
relating to cows; having qualities characteristics of cow, such as sluggishness or dullness
Mannered
artificial or stilted in character
Ignoble
having low moral standards, not noble in character; mean
Abate
to decrease, to reduce
Insolent
insultingly arrogant, overbearing
Mote
a small particle, speck
Flout
to scorn, to disreard with contempt
Onus
a burden, an obligation
Spartan
highly self-disciplined; frugal, austere
Repose
relaxation, leisure
Accede
to express approval, to agree to
Raze
to tear down, demolish
Uncanny
so keen and preceptive as to seem supernatural, peculiarly unsettling
Patent
obvious, evident
Turgid
swollen as from a fluid, bloated
Effluvia
waste; odorous fumes given off by waste
Acme
the highest level or degree attainable
Facetious
witty, humorous
Rife
abundant prevalent especially to an increasing degree; filled with
Libertine
one who advocates individual rights and free will
Plucky
courageous; spunky
Impute
to lay the responsibility or blame for, often unjustly
Balk
to stop short and refuse to go on
Reprove
to criticize or correct, usually ina gentle manner
Dearth
a lack, scarvity, insufficiency
Seamy
morally degraded, unpleasant
Abet
to aid; to act as an accomplice
Relegate
to send into exile, banish; assign
Cache
a hiding place; stockpile
Pundit
one who gives opinions in an authoritative manner
Animus
a feeling of animosity or ill will
Refute
to contradict. discredit
Galvanize
to shock; to arouse awareness
Commute
to change a penalty to a less severe one
Broach
to mention or suggest for the first time
Terse
concise, brieft, free of extra words
Mores
fixed customs or manners; moral attitudes
Stint
to be sparing or frugal; to restrict with respect to a share or allowance
Cull
to select, weed out
Abjure
to renounce under oath; to abandon forever; to abstain from
Declaim
to speak loudly and vehemently
Trounce
to beat severely, defeat
Bursar
a treasurer or keeper of funds
Espy
to catch sight of
Cantankerous
having a difficult, uncooperative, or stubborn disposition
Puissant
powerful
Emulate
to strive to equal or excel, to imitate
Harangue
to give a long speech
Rapt
deeply absorbed
Intrepid
fearless, resolutely courageous
Enjoin
to direct or impose with urgent appeal, to order with emphasis; to forbid
Purport
to profess, suppose, claim
Sojourn
a temporary stay, visit
Verbose
wordy
Rancor
bitter hatred
Vernacular
everyday language used by ordinary people; specialized language of a profession
Digress
to turn aside, especially from the main point; to stray from the subject
Bucolic
pastoral, rural
Bombastic
high-sounding but meaningless; ostentatiously lofty in style
Coquette
a flirtatious woman
Salwart
marked by outstanding strength and vigor of body, mind, and spirt
Zenith
the point of culmination; peak
Wily
clever; deceptive
Toady
one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors
Squalid
filthy and degraded as the result of neglet or poverty
Intimation
a subtle and indirect hint
Archipelago
a large group of islands
Emollient
soothing, especially to the skin
Malevolent
exibiting ill will; wishing harm to others
Revile
to critisize with harsh language, verbally abuse
Sedition
behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state
Preternatural
existing outside of nature; extraordinary; supernatural
Obfuscate
to confuse, make obscure
Patrician
aristocratic
Tortuous
having may twists and turns; highly complex
Acuity
sharp vision or perception characterized by the ability to resolve fine detail
Vehemently
marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions
Pugilism
boxing
Bedraggle
to make less visible, to obscure, or blur
Plaintive
expressive of suffering or woe, melancholy
Mordant
biting and caustic in manner and style
Levity
an inappropriate lack of seriousness, overly casual
Amity
friendship, good will
Concord
agreement
Platial
relatin to a palace; magnificant
Expunge
to erase, eliminate completely
Refract
to deflect sound or light
Gregarious
outgoing, sociable
Indomitable
incapable of being conquered
Certitude
assurance, freedom from doubt
Flippant
marked by disrespectful lightheartedness or casualness
Volley
a flight of missiles; round of gunshots
Tactile
producing a sensation of touch
Dilapidated
in disrepair, run down
Coagulate
to clot; to cause to thicken
Abscond
to leave quickly in secret
Malediction
a curse, a wish of evil upon another
Rankle
to cause anger and irritation
Acuity
sharp vision or perception characterized be the ability to resolve fine detail
Blatant
completely obvious and conspicuous, especially in an offensive, crass manner
Solicitous
anxious, concerned; full of desire, eager
Concomitant
existing concurrrently; occuring simultaneously
Jettison
to discard, to get rid of as unnecessary
Lax
not rigid, loose; negligent
Intransigent
uncompromising, refusing to abandon an extreme position
Febrile
feverish, marked by intense emotion or activity
Vilify
to slander, defame
Tenacious
tending to persist or cling; persistent in adhering to something valued or hibitual
Subterranean
hidden, secret; underground
Reprehensible
blameworthy, disreputable
Propensity
a natural inclination of preference
Opprobrious
disgraceful, shameful
Microcosm
a small scale representation of a larger system
Frenetic
frantic, frenzied
Dissident
disagreeing with an established religous or political system
Aplomb
self-confident assurance; poise
Penury
an oppressive lack of resources (like money), severe poverty
Constraint
something that restricts or confines within prescribed bounds
Itinerant
wandering from place to place; unsettled
Mellifluous
having a smooth, rich flow
Histrioics
deliberate display of emotion for effect; exaggerated behavior calculated for effect
Portentous
foreshadowing, ominous; eliciting amazement and wonder
Fortuitous
by chance, especially by favorable chance
Ersatz
being an artificial and inferior substitute or irritation
Debacle
a sudden, disatrous collapse or defeat; a total, ridiculous failure
Constituent
component, part; citizen, voter
Fallacious
tending to decieve or mislead; based on a fallacy
Impugn
to call into question; to attack verbally
Aver
to declare to be true, to affirm
Necromancy
the practice of communicating with the dead in order to predict failure
Paradigm
an outstandingly clear or typical example
Temporal
having to do with time
Vicariously
felt or undergone as if one were taking part in the experience or feeling of another
Cataclysmic
severly destructive
Censorious
critical; tending to blame and condemn
Grandiloquence
pompous talk; fancy but meaningless language
Adroit
skillful; accomplished; highly competent
Becloud
to make less visible, to obscure, or blur
Impassive
absent of any external sign of emotion, expressionless
Resplendent
splendid, brilliant
Salient
prominent, of notable significance
Truculent
disposed to fight
Abrogate
to annul; to abolish by authoritative action
Secular
not specifically pertaining to religion, relating to the world
Cloying
sickly sweet; excessive
Paean
a tribute, a song or expression of praise
Autocrat
a dictator
Mollify
to soothe in temper or disposition
Captious
marked by the tendency to point out trivial faults; intended to confuse in an argument
Incredulous
unwilling to accept what is true, skeptical
Adulation
excessive fattery or admiration
Expound
to explain or describe in detail
Dispassionate
unaffected by bias or strong emotions; not personally or emotionally involved in something
Blasphemous
cursing, profane; extremely irreverent
Stymie
to block or thwart
Imperturbable
unshakably calm and steady
Extirpate
to root out, eradicate, literrally or figuratively; to destroy wholly
Acumen
sharpness of insight, mind, and understanding; shrewd judgement
Palimpsest
an object or place having diverse layers or aspects beneath the surface
Tantamount
equal in value or effect
Sybarite
a person devoted to pleasure and luxury
Malfeasance
wrongdoing or misconduct, especially by a public offical
Obstinate
unreasonably persistant
Ingratiate
to gain favor with another by deliberate effort, to seek to please somebody so as to gain an advantage
Countervail
to act or react with eual force
Veracity
accuracy, truth
Patronize
to act as patron of, to adopt an air of condescension towards, to buy from
Cessation
a temporary or complete halt
Platitude
overused and trite remark
Rhetoric
the art of speaking or writing effectively; skill in the effective use of speech
Arrears
unpaid, overdue debts or bills; neglected obligations
Penitent
expressing sorrow for sins or offenses, repentant
Diluvail
pertaining to a flood
Inundate
to cover with a flood; to overwhelm as if with a flood
Abnegate
to give up; to deny to oneself
Implacable
inflexible; not capable of being changed or pacified
Plebeian
crude or coarse; characteristic of commoners
Extrapolation
using known data and information to determine what will happen in the future, prediction
Chary
watchful, cauious; extremely shy
Olfactory
relating to the senses of smell
Malleable
easily influenced or shaped capable of being altered by outside forces
Adept,
extremely skilled
Fodder
raw material, as for artistic creation, readily abundant ideas or images
Discomfit
to disconcert to make one lose one's composure
Behemoth
to produce, especially as an effect or outgrowth; to bring about
Primeval
ancient, primitive
Hedonist
one who pursues pleasure as a goal
Amorphous
having no definate form
Libertine
a free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint
Cacophony
a jarring, unpleasant noise
Inherent
involving the essential character of something, built-in, inborn
Epochal
momentous, highly significant
Remission
a lessening of intensity or degree
Sequester
to set apart, seclude
Stipulate
to specify as a condition or requirement of an agreement or offer
Tautological
having to do with needless repetition, redundancy
Misanthrope
a person who hates or distrusts mankind
Punctilious
concerned with precise details about codes or conventions
Wan
sickly pale
Incarnadine
red, especially blood red
Arrrgate
to claim without justification; to claim for oneself without right
Feign
to prestend, to give a false appearence of
Prodigal
recklessly extravagant, wasteful
Allay
to lessen, ease, reduce in intensity
Conflagration
big, destructive fire
Panegyric
elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise
Inveterate
firmly established, especially with respect to a habit or attitude
Voluble
talkative, speaking easily, glib
Extrinsic
exernal, unessential; originating from the outside
Anodyne
a source of comfort; a medicine that relieves pain
Simian
apelike; relating to apes
Trajectory
the path followed by a moving object, whether through space or otherwise; flight
Actuate
to put into motion, to activate; to motivate or influence to activity
Covert
secretive, not openly shown
Stratify
to arrange or divide into layers
Rostrum
an elevated platform for public speaing
Pecuniary
relating to money
Mutability
the quality of being capable of change, in form of character; susceptibility of change
Calumny
a false and malicious accusation; misrepresentation
Anomaly
a deviation from the common rule, something that is difficult to classify
Benificent
pertaining to an act of kindness
Discrete
individually distinct, separate
Eponymous
giving one's name to a place, book, resturant
Forego
to precede, to go ahead of
Hegemony
the domination of one state or group over its allies
Importunate
troublesomely urgent; extremely persistant in request or demand
Junta
a small governing body, especially after a revolutionary seizure of power
Kismet
destiny, fate
Inquest
an investigation, an inquiry
Lampoon
to ridicule with satire
Macrocosm
the whole universe; a large-scale reflection of a part of the greater world
Nihilism
the belief that traditional values and beliefs are unfounded and that existence is useless; the belief that conditions in the social organization are so bad as to make destruction desirable
Oligarchy
a government in which a small group excercises supreme control
Myopic
lacking foresight, having a narrow view or long range perspective
Opine
to express an opinion
Cogent
logically forceful; compelling, convincing
Actuate
a growth in size, an increase in amount
Pellucid
transparently clear in style or meaning, easy to understand
Rapacious
taking by force; driven by greed
Defamatory
injurious to the reputation
Panache
flamboyance or dash in style and action
Saccharine
excessively sweet or sentimental
Abortive
ending without results
Catalyst
something that provokes or speeds up significant chane, especially without being affected by the concequences
Ballast
a structure that helps to stabalize or steady
Pandemic
occuring over a wide geographic area and affecting a large portion of the population
Apposite
strikingly appropriate or well adapted
Strident
loud, harsh, unpleasently noisy
Tawdry
gaudy, cheap, showy
Unconscionable
unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust
Affected
phony, artificial
Purloin
to steal
Equivocate
to avoid committing oneself in what one says, to be deliberately unclear
Cumulative
increasing, collective
Temerity
unreasonable or foolhardy disregard for danger
Penchant
an inclanation, a defiinate liking
Inter
to bury
Modicum
a small portion, limited quantitty
Heretical
departing from accepted beliefs or standards, oppositional
Adjudicate
to hear and settle a matter; to act as a judge
Licentious
immoral; unrestrained by society
Becalm
to stop the process of, to soothe
Irascible
easily angered, hot-tempered
Cede
to surrender position of something
Adumbrate
to give a hint or indication of something to come
Tutelage
guardship, guidence
Compliant
submissive, unyielding
Demagogue
a leader, rabble-rouser, usually appealing to emotion or prejudice
Phlegmatic
having a sluggish, unemotional temperament
Convergence
the state of separate elements joining or coming together
Malapropism
the accidental, often commical, use of a word which resembles the one intended, but has a different, often contradictory meaning
Elegy
a mournful poem, usually about the dead
Arable
suitable for cultivation
Mawkish
sickeningly sentimental
Circumvent
to go around; avoid
Forgo
to do without, to abstain from
Insensate
lacking sensibility and understanding, foolish
Laudable
deserving of praise
Anthropomorphic
suggesting human characteristics for animals and inanimate things
Maverick
an independent individual who does not go along with a group
Beatific
displaying calmness and joy, relating to a state of celestial happiness
Nomenclature
a system of scientific names
Disingenuous
giving a false appearence of simple frankness; misleading
Impudent
marked by cocky boldness or disregard for others
Apostate
one who renounses a religious faith
Feckless
ineffective, worthless
Opportunist
one who takes advantage of any opportunity to achieve an end, with little regard gor principle
Atavistic
characteristic of a former era, ancient
Pariah
an outcast
Espouse
to take up and support as a cause; to marry
Politic
shrewd and crafty in managing or dealing with things
Caustic
biting, sarcastic
Awry
crooked, askew, amiss
Fictive
fictional, relating to imaginative creation
Furtive
sly, with hidden motives
Accretion
a growth in size, an increase in amount
Gauche
lacking social refinement
Bilious
ill-tempered, sickly, ailing
Imprecation
a curse
Ornery
having an irritable disposition, cantankerous
Abstemious
done sparingly; consuming in moderation
Contentious
quarrelsome, disagreeable, belligerent
Denizen
an inhabitant, a resident
Caucus
a closed committie within a political party; a private committee meeting
Lilliputian
very small
Feral
suggestive of a wild beast, not domesticated
Paragon
a model of excellence or perfectiion
Apprise
to give notice to, inform
Euphemism
an inoffensive and agreeable expression that is substituded for one that is considered offensive
Non Sequitur
a statement that does not follow logically from anything previously said
Megalomania
obsession with great or grandiose performance
Consanguineous
having the same lineage or ansestry; related by blood
Insular
characteristic of an isolated people, especially having a narrow viewpoint
Braggart
a person who brags or boasts in a loud and empty manner
Tempestuous
stormy, turbulant
Unconscionable
unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust
Paramount
supreme, of chief importance
Acclivity
an incline or upward slope, theascending side of a hill
Veritable
being without question, often used figuratively
Deride
to laugh at contemptuously, to make fun of
Rarefy
to make rare, thin, or less dense
Complacent
self-satisfied, smug
Euthanasia
the practice of ending the life of termanally ill individuals; assisted suicide
Presage
something that foreshadows; a feeling of what will happen in the future
Worst
to gain the advantage over; to defeat
Admonish
to caution or warn gently in order to correct something
Sacrilegious
impious, irreverent toward what is held to be sacred or holy
Blithely
merrily, lightheartedly cheerful; without appropriate thought
Filibuster
to use obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speech making, in order to delay something
Celerity
speed, haste
Pathogenic
causing disease
Appropriate
at assign a particular purpose, allocate
Secular
not specifically pertaining to religion, relating to the world
Replete
abundantly supplied, complete
Parallelism
a series of items is written in the same logical structure.
a list of actions or items might trigger a problem with structure.
example of incorrect usage:
I like running, hiking, and to swim
Adjectives
describe things, modify nouns or pronouns
ex. purple, kind, tall
Adverbs
modifty verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs usually end in --ly
ex. examine calmly
Comparative Form
used to compare two things typically formed by adding -er or more + adj. or more + adv.
ex. Of the two sauces, I liked the first one better.
Superlative Form
used to compare more than two things typically formed by -est or most + adj. or most +adv.
ex. My cat is the cutest cat of all.
Redundancy/Wordliness
a unncecssarily repetitive and usually contains a ridiculous repetition such as "free gifts" or "new innovation"
a pharse can usually be replaced with a more concise alternative, for example "a few " instead of "a small number of"
Word choice
similar sounding or similar looking words which are used incorrectly
ex. constrict vs. restrict
regenerated vs. regressed
Idioms
expressions which take on a meaning of their own; usually involve verb + preposition
ex: preoccupation with
Double Negatives
avoid pharses which use two negatives words instead of one
typical incorrect phrases:
can't scarcely/ scarcely no
can't hardly/ hardly no
can't barely/ barely no
Logical Comparisons
"Faulty Comparison"
always make sure you are comparing two indentical objects, people, or ideas.
examples of incorrect usage:
Mario's speeches were on a par with John F Kennedy.
Anna's food is better than Amy.
Lauren's dog won more prizes in the dog show than Oliver.
Misplaced Modifiers
make sure the correct modifier is placed directly next to the pharse it modifies
examples of incorrect usage:
Raised in a field without any pesicides, I prefer organic fruit.
Orbiting between Mars and Jupiter, researchers found a new group of asteroids.
Subject/Object Agreement
If the subject is plural, the object should be plural.
If the subject is singular, the object should be singular.
examples of incorrect usage
The children wanted to become an artist.
The teachers paid for supplies out of their own pocket.
Pronoun Consistency
Keep the chosen pronoun the same throughout the message
examples of incorrect usage
We have to follow the rules whether one wants to or not.
Can we empty the lint traps when you are done?
Noun/Pronoun Agreement
Nouns and pronouns must agree: plural nouns must have plural pronouns and singular nouns must have singular pronouns.
examples of incorrect usage:
Someone was riding their bike down the road.
Many people want to take his or her time
Subject-Verb Agreement
Plural subjects must have plural verbs. Singular subjects must have singular verbs.
examples of incorrect usage
The quarterback, along with the the other players, are out celebrating.
The company, having already made budget cuts, have decided to close.
Along the side of the road are a row of trees.
The players, after just one game, was tired.
Collective Nouns
Common structure: "A" or "The" followed by a noun. These take singular verbs and pronouns.
ex. The team is winning its game.
other common collective nouns - group, company, family, management
Collective Adjectives
Common structure: "A" or "The" followed by an adjective. These take plural verbs and pronouns.
ex.The elderly are enjoying the Silver Lake Cruise.
other common collective adjectives - rich, poor, long-suffering
Preposition
A word that shows time, space or logical relationships between words.
ex. above, across, after, against, among, around, at, before, beside, between, of
Prepositional Phrase
A preposition followed by a phrase (group of words)
ex. a bunch of roses, it's beween you and me, around every corner
Prepositional Phases and Agreement
Ignoring prepositional phrases can help with determining subject-verb agreement
ex. The coffee, as well as milk and pastries, is on its way over to you.
The coffee is...
aesthetic
having to do with the appreciation of beauty
allusion
passing reference or indirect mention
ambivalent
Simultaneously feeling opposing feelings; uncertain
anecdote
short account of event
assert
to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
assess
to evaluate or determine the worth of
belied
to show to be false
characterize
v. To describe by distinctive marks or peculiarities.
compare
examine and note the similarities or differences of
concur
to agree
contempt
disrespect
contrast
put in opposition to show or emphasize differences
conventional
conforming or adhering to general, accepted standards
convey
transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
debunk
to prove false
digression
a message that departs from the main subject; diversion
discern
to distinguish one thing from another
discredit
to harm the reputation of, dishonor or disgrace
disengaged
disconnected, disassociated
disinterested
unbiased
dismissive
showing indifference or disregard
disparage
to belittle
disparity
inequality; difference
dispassionate
unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice
dubious
doubtful; uncertain; questionable
elicit
derive by reason
endorse
to give approval or support to
equivocate
speak ambiguously
exemplify
clarify by giving an example of
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
hypothesis
possible explanation for a set of observations or scientific question
illustrate
to make clear by examples or pictures
indifferent
showing no care or concern in attitude or action
interpret
make sense of a language
ironic
suggesting an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually happens
justify
defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning
metaphor
comparison not using like or as
nostalgia
longing for something past
objective
undistorted by emotion or personal bias
partisan
devoted to a cause or party
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
phenomenon
an unusual, observable event
plausible
appearing true, reasonable, or fair
pragmatic
concerned with practical outcomes
prove
establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment
provoke
provide the needed stimulus for
qualified
meeting the proper standards and requirements
reconcile
come to terms; accept
refute
overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof
relevant
having a connection with the subject
repudiate
refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid
resigned
accepting something reluctantly; to give up
reverent
deeply respectful
rhetoric
the art of using language effectively and persuasively
satire
ridicule, especially in literary form
scornful
filled with contempt; showing disdain
scrutinize
examine closely and critically
simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
speculate
reflect deeply on a subject
subjective
influenced by personal opinion, biased
substantiate
solidify, firm, or strengthen, to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to
undermine
to weaken
underscore
to emphasize
yield
production of a certain amount