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Key terms 7.1 ,7.2, 7.3
Terms in this set (14)
The Gobi Desert, also called the Gobi, is a large desert and semi-desert region in central Asia. The Gobi's total area is about 500,000 square miles. It covers large areas of northern China and southern Mongolia
Asia is the largest, most populated, and most diverse continent in the world. Although regarded as its own continent, Asia is actually joined to Europe as part of a single land mass often called Eurasia
Huang He River
The Huang He is China's second-longest river, after the Yangtze. It is among the ten longest in the world. Flowing about 3,400 miles from the Tibetan Plateau across northern China, the river threads the North China Plain and empties into the Yellow Sea
The ancient trade route known as the Silk Road was a system of caravan tracts that connected ancient China to civilizations to the west. For more than 1,500 years, this route served as a pipeline between the ancient civilizations of Europe, the Middle East, and Asia
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is not a single structure but a linked series of defensive walls, watchtowers, and natural barriers. It was built over a period of 2,000 years and stretches more than 5,000 miles across China and southern Mongolia.
The great Chinese philosopher, Confucius, was born in the feudal Chinese state of Lu and became known as Master Kong. An outstanding scholar, thinker, and teacher, his ethical teachings influenced not only China but also most of East Asia, and continue to do so today
Laozi (sometimes known as Lao Tzu), of ancient China, is thought to be the earliest philosopher of Chinese Daoism. He is considered by Daoists to be a supreme deity
Han Feizi was a Chinese philosopher and writer. He was also a prince of the royal Han family. This family ruled one of the states that struggled for order during the Warring States period. Qin Shi Huang Di, used the writings of Han Feizi to change the way China was ruled. These writings became the basis of a theory of government called Legalism.
Confucianism may be considered a religion, a philosophy, an ethical way of life, or even a tradition of learning. Among its most basic teachings are deep respect for ancestors, parents, and elders; the importance of polite behavior; and concern for other humans.
Taoism is both a philosophy and a religion. Taoists believe that to live in harmony with nature, people must not have too many rules. This belief meant that rulers in China were supposed to avoid interfering with people's lives.
Legalism was a school of philosophy that became popular in China during the time known as the Warring States period. Legalists believed that people were naturally selfish and would only behave well if they were forced to do so
Warring states period
475 to 221 BCE
7 major Chinese states (and a few minor ones) fought for power
Advances in military technology made conquests possible
Hundreds of schools of thought (philosophy) flourished
Qin Shi Huang Di
he first Chinese emperor, Qin Shi Huang Di unified China in 221 BCE under the rule of Qin, one of China's feudal states. As emperor, Shi Huang Di took steps to dismantle the power of the old feudal system and to organize his empire. His reforms were influenced by legalism, an ancient Chinese philosophy centered on order above all else.
A form of government or public administration
People are chosen for jobs based on merits (abilities)
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