20 terms

IB Spanish Text Types

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Un correo electrónico/Email
a: your name and your email
de: their name and their email
fecha: day of week, date
tema: title of email hora: time

opener,

closer,
Un blog
--Date
--time,
--title (for blog)
--content
--comments from readers
What is the difference between diary and blog?
blog is addressing a group of people while diary is often from the first person perspective.
Entrevista/Interview
--Title
--Introduction: The person conducting the interview, introduces the interviewee and the topic of the interview
--Body: Questions and answers
--Conclusion: Interview makes a brief personal comment about the interviewee and thanks them for their participation in the interview
Presentación/Debate
--Salutation: Greet and welcome the audience
--Introduction: Introduce the topic (Presentation) OR State the basic issue (for a DEBATE)
--Body: Define and explore the topic discussed OR for a debate, State your arguments, dedicating one paragraph each on positive aspects ("for") and negative aspects ("against")
--Conclusion: Sum up the aspects discussed (presentation) OR weigh the alternate cases presented (debate)
--Closing: Thank the audience for their attention.
(Vocab) Dear (FORMAL)
Estimado
(Vocab) Sincerely (FORMAL)
Le saluda atentamente
(Vocab) What's up? (INFORMAL)
Qué tal?
(Vocab) Kisses (INFORMAL)
Besos
What else is different about informal vs. formal?
tú/ellos = informal, usted/ustedes = formal
Folleto (Brochure)
--Heading (general title)
--Intro (One or 2 rhetorical questions inviting the reader to conifer a particular offer, to introduce the topic, what is being promoted, etc..
--Body: 3-4 paragraphs giving details of the info presented, under appropriate sub-hearings.
--Conclusion: End with a persuasive sentence, inviting the reader to take action
USE OF MANDATOS/SUBJUNTIVO IS VERY IMPORTANT IN THIS TEXT TYPE!
Anuncio (Advertisement)
--Intro: Title; address audience directly with a question (VENDO MI BICICLETA: "Necesitas una bicicleta? Vendo el mío!)
--Body: Give details
--Conclusion : Give contact details
Artículo de Opinión (Editorial)
--Headline
--By-line
--Date
--Introduction (summary of who, what, when, where, why)
--Body (clear paragraphs, developing ideas clearly)
--Conclusion
Carta Formal
--Sender's address
--Receiver's address
--Date
--FORMAL Salutation ("Estimado....Estimada...)
--Introduction (Purpose for the letter)
--Body (request)
-- FORMAL Closing
--FORMAL Farewell ("Le saludo atentamente..")
--Signature
Artículo Informativo (Crónica de Noticas)
--Name of Magazine/Newspaper
--Date
--Headline/Title
--By-Line (Author)
--Introduction: Presenting the topic
--Body: Paragraphs the develop the information
--Conclusion: Final comments
Carta Informal
--Date
--INFORMAL greeting
--Introduction (purpose of the letter)
--Body of letter (clear paragraphs)
--Conclusion of letter/rounding off
--Farewell (informal)
--signature
Ensayo (essay)
--Title
--Author
--Thesis Statement/Introduction
--Body (well-developed paragraphs)
--Conclusion
Diario Personal
--Date
--Introduction
--Body: Describing the event or activity
--Conclusion
--Signing off/Farewell
--Signature

NOTE: A Personal diary can be comprised of several different entries over several days, or one long entry.
Informe (report, usually in a periodical)
--very similar to "un artículo"
--Name of Periodical
--Date
--Title
--Autor/By-Line
--Introduction: No more then 2-3 sentences; introduce the topic to the audience, referring to it in general terms
--Body: Different paragraphs, with sub-headings for each paragraph
--Conclusion (general statement about the topic, it's importance to society, etc.)
Reseña (Review)
--Introduction: provide basic information about the work; Title, Author(writer, director, painter, etc); genre or kind of work
--Body: Summary/description: Summarize the highlights of the plot (or content), using who, where and when
--Evaluation: Give your opinion of the work
--Conclusion: Recommendation: Is the work worth seeing, reading, listening to, etc? Offer the work to the general public or at least to a suitable audience if your judgement is NOT favorable.