39 terms

Unit 12_Part One_Abnormal Psychology

Unit 12: Abnormal Psychology Myers Psychology for the AP David G. Myers
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Psychological Disorder
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thought, feelings, or behaviors
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of these key symptoms: Extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
Medical Model
The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital
DSM 5
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Edition, a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
Anxiety Disorders
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety. Includes: Generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal. Free floating anxiety (chronic anxiety not associated with any specific situation or object.
Panic Disorder
An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
Phobia
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
An obsessive-compulsive disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
A trauma-related dsiorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that linger four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
Post-Traumatic Growth
Positive psychological chances as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises
Somatoform Disorder
Psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause, includes functional neurological symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder
Dissociative Disorders
Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
Dissociative Identity Disorders (DID)
A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Symptoms includes blackouts. Formerly called multiple personalities disorder.
Depressive disorders
Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes includes depressive disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Major Depressive Disorder
A deoressuve disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities
Mania
A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
Bipolar Disorder
A bipolar and related disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depressing and the overexcited state of mania
Schizophrenia
characterized by a disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
Delusions
False beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
Personality Disorders
Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
Antisocial Personality Disorder
A personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist
Social Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorder. Persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations.
Agoraphobia
Anxiety disorder, Fear of being in public
Obsessive-Compulsive Related Disorders
Disorders that include obsessive thoughts and/or unwanted behavior. Includes: obsessive-compulsive disorder, hoarding disorder, body dysmorphic disorder.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
An obsessive-compulsive disorder, characterized by an obsession with perceived flaw(s) in physical appearance.
Dissociative Amnesia
A dissociative disorder characterized by a loss of memory for who you are, fugue state includes traveling far from home and the loss of memory
Bipolar and related disorders
Disorders characterized by extreme mood changes, includes bipolar disorder
Mania
A symptom of bipolar characterized by elevated mood, overtalkative, overactive, little need for sleep, risky behavior
Positive symptoms
symptoms of schizophrenia which include addition of inappropriate behavior: hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, and inappropriate actions
Negative symtoms
symptoms of schizophrenia which include loss of appropriate behavior: flat affect, catonic state, alogia, avolition
Borderline personality disorder
A personality disorder characterized by fear of abandonment, unstable intense relationships, rapid changes in self-identity, impulsive and risky behavior, suicidal threats, and wide mood swings.
Paranoid personality disorder
A personality disorder characterized by suspicions that others are deceiving him/her, preoccupied with doubts of others trustworthiness, reluctance in confiding in others, holding grudges
Narcissistic personality disorder
A personality disorder characterized by exaggerated sense of self-importance, expecting to be recognized as superior, exaggerating achievements, preoccupied with fantasies about success, requiring constant admiration, sense of entitlement, expecting special favors, and taking advantage of others.
Histrionic personality disorder
A personality disorder characterized by being uncomfortable in situations which he/she is not the center of attention, inappropriate sexual seductiveness, the use of physical appearance to draw attention, self-dramatization
conversion
a rare somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
Hypochondriasis
A somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
Schizoid
A personality disorder where one lacks interest in social relationships, prefers to be alone, lacks emotional expression and has little interest in being social with others
Schizotypal
A personality disorder where one has peculiar dress, thinking and speech. They exhibit odd behaviors and lack the relationship with others.