61 terms

La Segunda Guerra Mundial

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El tratado de versalles
1918, Creado por los líderes aliados victoriosos Naciones: Francia, Gran Bretaña, EE.UU., y firmado por Alemania para ayudar a detener la Primera Guerra Mundial. El tratado 1) despojó a Alemania de todo Ejército, Armada, Fuerza Aérea. 2) Alemania tuvo que reparar los daños de guerra (33 mil millones) 3) Alemania tuvo que reconocer la culpa por causar la Primera Guerra Mundial 4) Alemania no podía fabricar ninguna arma.
Reparaciones alemanas
Una fuente de desequilibrios económicos de los años 20, el acuerdo que Alemania tenía que pagar por daños de WWI
dictator
Un gobernante que tiene poder total sobre un país
el totalitarismo
Una forma de gobierno en la que el gobernante es un dictador absoluto (no restringido por una constitución, leyes u oposición, etc.)
Liga de las Naciones
Organización internacional para garantizar la paz y la seguridad mundial la cual intento formar el presidente Woodrow Wilson
Benito Mussolini
Fundador y representante del partido fascista en Italia
Joseph Stalin
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists, and dictator of the Soviet Union. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition
Adolf Hitler
Founder of the German Nazi Party and chancellor of the Third Reich wrote Mein Kampf and he ruled as an absolute dictator. His pursuit of aggressive nationalist policies resulted in the invasion of Poland and the subsequent outbreak of World War II. His regime was infamous for the extermination of millions of people, especially European Jews. He committed suicide when the collapse of the Third Reich was imminent.
Fascism
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Communism
A political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state.
Nazi
The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State. Also know as National Socialist German Workers Party, was advocated by Adolf Hitler in Germany.
Kristallnacht
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Hirohito
(1901-1989) Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989; he led Japan during World War II and was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Tojo
Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II
Neutrality Acts
Originally designed to avoid American involvement in World War II by preventing loans to those countries taking part in the conflict; they were later modified in 1939 to allow aid to Great Britain and other Allied nations.
Axis Powers
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
Allied Powers
France, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II
War Production Board
Converted factories from civilian to military production. Manufacturing output tripled.
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
Japanese Internment
Thousands of people of Japanese descent (many U.S. citizens) living on the West Coast were forced into camps; many lost their homes, businesses & belongings; this was done to keep them from spying
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe.
Bernard Montgomery
British general who in an attack at El Alamein was able to drive the Germans away from the Suez Canal
Erwin Rommel
"Desert Fox" German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked and were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
George S. Patton
General in the United States Army who commanded troops in North Africa, Sicily, and helped lead the Allies to victory in the Battle of the Bulge.
George Marshall
US General, created plan for rebuilding Europe
Douglas MacArthur
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
European Theater
The area of heavy fighting across Europe, during World War II, from 1 September 1939 to 8 May 1945. Allied forces fought the Axis powers in three theaters: the Eastern Front, the Western Front and the Mediterranean Theatre.
Pacific Theater
The area of fighting in the Pacific region, between 1942 and 1945. The fighting was primarily between Japanese and American forces.
Normandy, France
Where D-Day occurred
North Africa
Allied victory in this area led to their invasion of Italy in 1943 which in turn contributed to their 1944 victory in France and their ability to enter Germany
Italy
Allied invasion in 1943 and capture forced Germany to defend on 2 fronts.
Berlin
German Capital- Final major offensive of the European Theatre of World War II; before the battle was over, Hitler and many of his followers committed suicide
Chester Nimitz
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II
Ardennes Forest
the forest where the Maginot Line was weakest and the Germans attacked
Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet harbored in Hawaii. In response, the U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
Midway
1942, battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Iwo Jima
One of the Bloodiest battles in the war, a fight to the death for Japanese soldiers, as the Americans were coming closer to Japan
El Alamein
Where the British and American forces pushed Germany west to stay away from the Suez Canal
Stalingrad
City in Russia, site of a Red Army victory over the Germany army in 1942-1943. The Battle of Stalingrad was the turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.
D-Day
Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944
Bulge
A 1944-1945 battle in which Allied forces turned back the last major German offensive of World War II.
Blitzkrieg
"Lightning War" - An intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory
Operation Overlord
the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
Kamikazi
Japanese suicide pilots
Island-hopping
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Harry Truman
33rd President of the United States. Led the U.S. to victory in WWII making the ultimate decision to use atomic weapons for the first time. Shaped U.S. foreign policy regarding the Soviet Union after the war.
Atomic Bomb
bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities
Manhattan Project
A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
Genocide
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
Oppenheimer
he was the chief scientist of the Manhattan Project
Einstein
German scientist, warned US that German was developing nuclear/atomic bomb, and cautioned against its use.
Winston Churchill
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII
Chester Nimitz
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy
Guadalcanal
first US land victory over the Japanese, 1943
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
Nagasaki
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped, August 9, 1945.
Okinawa
Site of important battle near Japanese mainland; last battle before atomic bombs; Allies won
Philippine Islands
Hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese began their attack on...
Yalta Conference
1945 Meeting withthe "Big Three": US President FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
Nuremberg Trials
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime

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