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National Origins Act

1929- It restricted immigration from any one nation to two percent of the number of people already in the U.S. (set up ratios) of that national origin in 1890, which severely restricted immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe, and excluded Asians entirely.

Margaret Sanger

a nurse who began the birth-control and planned parenthood movements which openly championed the use of contraceptives in the 1920's.

Alice Paul

leader of the National Woman's Party and the Congressional Union, campaigned for an Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution and led protests

The Jazz Singer

1927 - The first movie with sound, called a "talkie"

Federal Communications Commission

1934- (FCC); an independent government agency had the power to revoke the licenses of stations that failed to operate in the public interest. But, it placed no effective controls on programming or on advertising practices

Scopes Trial

1925- a highly publicized trial where John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school. Scopes was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow; Scopes was convicted but the verdict was later. Displayed the fundamentalism prevalent in rural areas at the time

18th Amendment

Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages. Displayed the fundamentalism prevalent at the time and led to increased organized crime. Repealed by the 21st Amendment

Al Capone

gangster and mobster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition, making immense profits, until arrested for tax evasion

Marcus Garvey

a "new negro" who created the Universal Negro Improvement Association (which attracted thousands of members), promoted the "Back to Africa" movement, organized black businesses and established a corps of Black Cross nurses

Harlem Renaissance

a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s when New York City's Harlem became an intellectual and cultural capital for African Americans; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.

Langston Hughes

A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance in poems such as "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"


scientific management, encouraged the development of mass production techniques and the assembly line and was meant to enforce standardization to become more effective

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