Terms in this set (64)
the literal or dictionary definition of a word or phrase
dove = a type of bird/pigeo
an idea that a word makes you think about in addition to its meaning
dove = a symbol of peace
the narrator or speaker feels about the subject- What is the author or speaker thinking/feeling?
Ex. Some words that describe tone are: anxious, jealous, loving, peaceful, hopeful, concerned, depressed, sensitive, timid, wise
how the reader is supposed to feel when reading the work
Ex. A reader can feel scared for a character even if the author is indifferent or seems not to care.
the tools and techniques of language an author uses to craft a piece of writing
the reason the author decides to write about the topic or the story. The author's purpose could be to inform, to persuade, to entertain, or to persuade.
central idea or main idea
the main point the author is making or what the passage is mostly about; the central unifying element of the story that ties all the other elements together
the big idea of the story or what the author wants the reader to learn from the story; also know as the central idea or the main idea
to deny or contradict an opposing view point or idea
an argument or set of reasons that oppose an opposite view point or idea
a specific, relevant opinion that can be supported by evidence
proof that backs up a claim; types of supporting evidence include a fact, an example, a personal story, statistic (%,#), an expert opinion, a comparison, a quote
what the story teaches readers, the life lesson
Where and when a story takes place
the problem in the story
Types of conflict are:
person vs. person
person vs. self
person vs. nature
person vs. society
the beginning of a story in which the setting and characters are introduced
the events that lead up to the climax
events after the conflict is resolved; how the story ends
events after the climax that lead toward the resolution
the turning point in the story, the character may learn something new, or a change may take place
point of view
who is telling or narrating the story
first person point of view
First person is used when the main character is telling the story. This is the kind that uses the "I" narrator. As a reader, you can only experience the story through this person's eyes. So you won't know anything about the people or events that this character hasn't personally experienced.
third person point of view
Third person POV is used when your narrator is not a character in the story. Third person uses the "he/she/it" narrator and it is the most commonly used POV in writing.
a character or group of characters that stand against the protagonist (main character); not necessarily the "bad guy"
the main character in a story; not necessarily the "good guy"
the pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables in a poem
the repetition of sounds at the ENDS of words in a poem
the use of sounds, words, phrases, or whole lines more than once in a poem
lines in a poem that are arranged in groups
the use of language to create sensory details
comparing two things using the words like or as
Ex. She is LIKE a cheetah running around the track.
comparing two things NOT using the words like or as
Ex. She is a cheetah running around the track.
giving human qualities or characteristics to non-human things
repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Ex. Purple pigeons parade proudly through Paris.
language you have to figure out, words and phrases that present ordinary things in unusual ways
A character's traits are revealed through their actions or indirectly
Ex. Jess left the pizza crust and dirty dishes on her bedroom floor. (We can infer that Jess is lazy.)
When the narrator specifically or directly describes a character
Ex. Tom struggled in school but tried hard. Pam was lazy but learned really quickly.
repeated consonant sounds anywhere in the words.
Ex. Janet went into a tent and ate. (t sound)
repeated vowel sounds anywhere in the words.
Ex. Come on in. We're in the den. (e sound)
words that sound the same but have different spellings and different meanings
Ex. or, oar
words that have the same spelling but different sounds and different meanings
Ex. wind (the wind blows) and wind (wind the clock)
words that have the same or nearly the same meaning
Ex. big and huge
words that have opposite meanings
Ex. clean and dirty
the way a poem looks on a page
the voice of the poem or the narrator
when the conflict is introduced
evidence that makes a claim more likely to be true than it would be without it; evidence that is strongly related to the topic
having enough evidence
something that is worthy of belief, trustworthy, or convincing
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others than an action or idea is right or wrong
the thoughts, words, and actions of the character that lead his/her personality
something known to be true that actually exists and can be proven
a view or judgment formed about something, not based on fact or knowledge
the person who tells the story; the narrator can be in the story or a voice outside the action
text that is designed to primarily to explain, argue, or describe; also includes biography, autobiography, essays, and speeches
imaginary stories that are entertaining- includes novels, short stories, plays, poetry, historical fiction, fables, fairy tales, folklore, legends, and picture books
part of a word placed at the beginning of the word
Ex. pre, un, dis
part of a word placed at the end of a word; it changes the meaning or the word's part of speech
Ex. tion, ous, ed, ing
the structure of the actions in a text or story (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution).
nearby words and phrases in the text that help suggest the meaning of an unknown word
writing about a problem and how it can be solved
cause and effect
writing about the relationship between actions or events where something causes something to happen
writing about the similarities and differences between two or more things
sequential or chronological
arranged in order of time or order of events
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