World War 2 Europe
Terms in this set (57)
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
Treaty that took Russia out of WWI, 1918
Treaty of Versailles
Ended WWI signed on 28 June 1919. Imposed numerous sanctions, both economically, and militarily on Germany.
Democratic government in Germany from 1919-1933
German decree imposed by someone in power without popular consent. Commonly used when describing the Treaty of Versailles in Germany.
League of Nations
Precursor to the UN, founded in 1920. Supposed to prevent another World War
Policies that influence Human reproduction. Includes maternity leave, and breaks to breast feed.
a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state.
an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.
Stab in the back
When an allies turn on each other
allowed the President, under certain circumstances, to take emergency measures without the prior consent of the Reichstag 1920
Through out the imperial govt and put a democracy in. Hitler used this to blame the Jews for Germany loosing WWI 1918-19
German military units that operated maintenance free during the interwar period.
The Nazi Party 1920-1945
Nazi Ideology was very fluid. It changed to fit their needs, but always remained very nationalistic.
a 1933 Weimar Constitution amendment that gave the German Cabinet - in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler - the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag.
The Parliament building of the Wiemar Republic
an agreement or treaty, especially one between the Vatican and a secular government relating to matters of mutual interest.1933
1935 Nuremberg Laws
the Nazis announced new laws which institutionalized many of the racial theories prevalent in Nazi ideology. The laws excluded German Jews from Reich citizenship and prohibited them from marrying or having sexual relations with persons of "German or related blood."
Living Space, used to justify conquering territory
annexation of Austria into the third Reich in 1938
a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation "Sudetenland" was coined.
Germany, Italy Japan. 1940
German-Soviet non-aggression Pact
Made sure the Soviets and Germans wouldn't attack each other if Germany attacked Poland.
Partition of Poland
Split Poland into thirds,
Lightning war, common term used in the west to describe the German's army tactics.
eight month period on the Western front where there was no major military action taken.
Conflict between the Soviets and Finnish (1939-40) Finnish fought hard, but ultimately lost. Soviets got land around Leningrad and access to a port.
Battle of Britain
Battle in the skies over Britain. Germany tried to disable the British air force, but was unable to do so.
Occupation of Denmark
Germany established a protectorate. guarded by Germans, thought to be the example to the world of German occupation. 1940
Government set up by the Germans to govern the southern part of France. 1940
Mass execution of Polish officers by the NKVD, 4300 killed 1940
Codename for the Nazi invasion of Russia in 1941.
Great Patriotic War
Term used to rally Russian troops and civilians against the German army. Referenced when Russia threw back Napoleon in the Napoleonic Wars
The area in eastern Europe where the people went through multiple occupations.
Told the German army to execute and political prisoners they might capture immediatly
Soviet Japanese Nuetrality Pact
Ensured the neutrality between Russia and the Japanese during WWII, 1941
Harshly treated by the Germans. Put in open air concentration camps and left to starve millions died.
Stalins order No 227
Stalin prompting the army to not take one step back, 1942
Battle of Stalingrad
Nearly 2 million killed. Fought in the streets of Stalingrad. Very bloody. Resulted in the encirclement of a German Army.
Battle of Kursk
Large tank battle that resulted in German defeat, granting the Soviet an advantage throughout the rest of the war. 1943
Describes the first injustice to be done to the Jews in Nazi Germany. Neighbors turned on them, stopped talking to them and refused to sell them anything.
70000 killed. Set up as psychiatric hospitals. Allowed the Nazi Doctors to administer a mercy death if they thought the person was incurable.
Nazis put Jews and other undesirables into Ghettos in the city. They would then go clean out these ghettos and move these people to concentration camps.
Plan to eliminate the Jews from Europe.
Senior Nazi meeting in 1942, discuss the implementation of the final solution in Europe. Jews rounded up sent to death camps in Poland and killed.
Death squads of the Nazi Government that carried out mass killing. Followed closely behind the German Army.
work units made up of German Nazi death camp prisoners. They were composed of prisoners, usually Jews, who were forced, on threat of their own deaths, to aid with the disposal of gas chamber victims during the Holocaust.
A revolt against the Nazi's at a Death Camp. Allowed some prisoners to Escape. 1943
Evacuated prisoners from the encroaching allies by foot. Many of the Prisoners died during the marches.
After WWII when Jews went back to their homes. Some people were living in them and didn't want to give them up. Resulted in the killing of 42 Jews. 1946
the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
Who is responsible for the Holocaust and other major events in history.
Believe that Hitler was the mastermind behind the Holocaust. Places the blame on him.
Nazi Bureaucrats responsible for the Holocaust, not Hitler.
a foreigner who volunteered to serve the Nazis. Often a contributor in the Holocaust
a person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part. Many German people were thought to be bystanders
a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after World War II, which were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, and military Nazi Party. 1945-49