Magruder's Chapter 18
Terms in this set (27)
The lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
The authority of a court to hear a case.
Power of the federal courts alone to hear certain cases.
Power shared by federal and State courts to hear certain cases.
In civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another in court.
In a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is brought by the plaintiff; in a criminal case, the person charged with the crime.
The power of a court to hear a case first, before any other court.
The authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts.
writ of certiorari
An order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for review. This is issued in a limited number of instances
A method of putting a case before the Supreme Court; used when a lower court is not clear about the procedure or rule of law that should apply in a case and asks the Supreme Court to certify the answer to a specific questions.
Announces the court's decision in a case and sets out the reasoning upon which it is based.
Court decision that stands as an example to be followed in future, similar cases.
Written explanation of the views of one or more judges who support a decision reached by a majority of the court, but wish to add or emphasize a point that was not made in the majority decision.
Written explanation of the views of one or more judges who disagree with a decision reached by a majority of the court.
the only court that has both original and appellate jurisdiction
the list of cases to be heard by a court
Not having this was one of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
Nominated by the President, Confirmed by the Senate
Marbury v. Madison
established judicial review
Federal officers who make arrest, secure jurors, and serve legal papers
Judges of Constitutional Courts serve for how long
issue warrants of arrest and often hear evidence to to decide whether or not a person who has been arrested on a federal charge should be held for action by a grand jury. They also set bail in federal criminal cases and den have the power to try those who are charged with certain minor offenses
rule of four
how the Supreme Court decides which cases it will hear.
Are created by Congress
Types of Federal Courts
Constitutional And Special Courts
Lawyers presentations before the Supreme Court are limited to
How many justices sit on the supreme Court?
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