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US History Vocabulary Sheets
US History vocab, COLD WAR
Terms in this set (29)
A political system in which the government owns and controls all resources and means of production and makes all economic decisions
An economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit.
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security; it replaced the League of Nations.
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The Iron Curtain isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world. Its most poignant symbol was the Berlin Wall.
A U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances.
Period of conflict and tension between the U.S. and Soviet Union that lasted from 1945 until 1991 when communism collapsed in the Soviet Union.
Non-shooting conflict between the Soviet Union and their allies and the United States and their allies.
NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.
Was in response to NATO.
A country dominated politically and economically by another nation, especially by the Soviet Union during the Cold War
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
The act of accusing people of disloyalty and communism.
Chinese military and political leader. Succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang in 1925; headed the Chinese government from 1928 to 1948; fought against the Chinese Communists and Japanese invaders. After 1949, he headed the Chinese Nationalist government in Taiwan.
Chinese Communist leader from 1949 to 1976.
A government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong
The willingness to go to the brink (edge) of war in order to force an opponent (enemy) to back down
Policy of the US that it would defend the middle east against attack by any communist country
Central intelligence agency ; our spy network, outside of the U.S.
Used spies to get information; it also began to carry out covert, or secret operations, to weaken or overthrow governments unfriendly to the US.
Hydrogen bomb invented in 1950's, MORE powerful than atomic bomb; example of Cold War arms race
Leader of the USSR during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Downing of U.S. spy plane over Soviet Union - pilot survived and Soviets, therefore, had proof that, contrary to U.S. claims, spying was taking place.
Dividing line between North and South Korea.
War between North Korea (supported by both the Soviet Union and communist China) and South Korea (supported by the United States and the United Nations). The war occurred between 1950 and 1953 and ended in an armistice and original borders. It was a stalemate. (A draw or tie)
A list of about 500 actors, writers, producers, and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood films because of their alleged communist connections.
Hollywood writers and directors who were thought to be radicals and called before the HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee); They refused to cooperate and were sentenced to short prison terms
Period in US when there was a suspicion of communism and fear of spread of communists in the US government.
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