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17 terms

Government ch. 7

Ch.7 vocabulary for Mr. Cabral's AP Government class.
STUDY
PLAY
Cloture
mechanism requiring sixty senators to vote to cut off debate
Filibuster
a formal way of halting action on a bill by means of long speeches or unlimited debate in the senate
Apportionment
the process of allotting congressional seats to each state following the decennial census according to the state's proportion of the population
Logrolling
vote trading; voting yea to support a colleague's bill in return for a promise of future support
Veto
the formal, constitutional authority of the chief executive to reject bills passed by both houses of the legislative body, thus preventing their becoming law without further legislative action
Redistricting
the redrawing of congressional districts to reflect population changes or for political advantage
Earmark
funds that an appropriations bill designates for a particular purpose within a state or congressional district
Bill
a proposed law
Committee
a specialized group that fulfills certain tasks, such as reviewing proposed bills, conducting investigations, or reconciling both the House and Senate versions of a bill; are controlled by the majority part
Impeachment
the power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers," including federal judges, with "Treason, Bribery, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors." This is the first step in the constitutional process of removing such government officials from office
Majority leader
the elected leader of the party controlling the most seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate; is second in authority to the Speaker of the House and in the Senate is regarded as its most powerful member
Minority leader
the elected leader of the party with the second highest number of elected representatives in the House of Representatives or the Senate
Whip
one of several representatives who keep close contact with all members and take nose counts on key votes, prepare summaries of bills, and in general act as communications links within the party
Speaker of the House
the only officer of the House of Representatives specifically mentioned in the Constitution; elected at the beginning of each new Congress by the entire House; traditionally a member of the majority party
President pro-tempore
the official chair of the Senate; usually the most senior member of the majority party
War Powers Act
passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty-day period in peacetime (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period.
17th amendment
passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.