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Terms in this set (17)
A statistical syllogism applies a ___ statement to a ___ case.
"Most college professors are Democrats. Professor Jones is a professor. Therefore, Professor Jones is a Democrat." Which proposition is a generalization about a population?
Most college professors are Democrats.
"I went to the party last night and didn't get home until early morning. As a result, I missed class." What is the cause in this scenario?
I went to the party.
Is a casual argument an inductive or deductive argument?
"Ashton wanted to test the effects of sugar on tooth decay. So he randomly divided a group of test subjects into an experiment group that ate copious amounts of candy and a control group that avoided sugar." Is this a randomized controlled experiment?
Which of the following is the broadest legal sense of the word "cause"?
Sine qua non
This is the probability that a random sample of a certain size will fall within the error margin desired.
This is the calculation of how much you can gain from an event combined with the likelihood of gaining it.
These two philosophers argue that in order to hold a person legally responsible for a harm, we must trace the harm back to the person's direct action.
H.L.A. Hart and A.M. Honore
This is the range of random variation that occurs in a sample with respect to an attribute of interest.
A(n) ___ sample is one that does not mirror the population.
The more numerous and diversified the similarities between the analogues, the ___ the argument.
Which of the following is the time-honored strategy for rebutting an argument from analogy, showing that the premise-analogue or analogues are not as similar to the conclusion-analogues as stated or implied?
Attacking the analogy
The more numerous and diversified the differences between the analogues, the ___ the argument
"Diet Pepsi contains caffeine. Therefore, regular Pepsi will too." What is the attribute of interest?
What type of reasoning draws a conclusion about a group or population based on a sample from that group?
Which of the following is a stronger argument from analogy?
Mars is like Earth. Mars has gaseous oxygen and liquid water, just like Earth. Therefore, both can support life.
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