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25 terms

US History Chapter 19

STUDY
PLAY
nationalism
belief that the interests and culture of one's own country were more important than another countries
militarism
building up armies, navies and other armed forces
Allies
One group in WWI with France, England, Russia, and later the U.S. ("Big Four").
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary who was assassinated by a Serb. His assassination triggered WWI
no man's land
the space between two armies fighting each other
trench warfare
fighting between fortified ditches
Lusitania
British ship attacked by a German U-boat Killing more than 1000 people
Zimmerman note
telegram intercepted by British agents that proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the U.S.
Selective Service Act
law passed by Congress requiring men to register for military service
Armistice
truce agreement
War Industrial Board (WIB)
created by President Wilson to improve efficiency in production
Bernard M. Baruch
leader of WIB
propaganda
biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
Espionage and Sedition Acts
laws passed by Congress to harshly punish people who did not support the war
Great Migration
the movement of many African Americans to the North from the South to escape discrimination and to find jobs in industries
Fourteen Points
President Wilson's plan for world peace following WWI
League of Nations
an international peace-keeping organization proposed by President Wilson to address problems between countries
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty after the end of WW I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans-June 28, 1919
reparations
payments made by the defeated countries after the war to pay for war damages
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who opposed the League of Nations. He did not want the U.S. to get involved in conflicts with other countries
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
convoy system
merchant ships traveled in a large group protected by warships
Eddie Rickenbacker
"ace" pilot who downed 26 enemy fighters in WWI
Food Administration
Created by Wilson during WWI - Led by Herbert Hoover - set up ration system to save food for soldiers
war-guilt clause
clause in Treaty of Versailles forcing Germany to take responsibility for causing the war