31 terms

Anlagezige- Ana., Antipiretice- Ant.

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Analgezice - Ana., Antipiretice- Ant
- sunt medicamente ce suprima durerea, actionand atat la nivelul cailor nervoase ale sensibilitatii dureroasespino-talamce, cat si asupra centrilor de integrare a durerii situati in cortex
Morfina
- act analgezica- eficacitate maxima
- ind in dureri acte mari
- Doltard - cpr ret 10/30/100 mg
- Morfina sol inj 2 mg/ mp- 1 ml
- MTS continus- cpr film elib modif 10/30/60/100/200 mg
Codeina
- analgezic opioid mai slab, antitusiv
- ind in dureri moderate in asociere cu analgezice nonopioide
- in tuse uscata iritativa
- codeina fosfat - 15 mg
- ultracod - paracetamol+ codeina+ combinatii
- aspaco ( paracetamol, codeina, acid acetilsalicilic)
- fasconal (acid acetilsalicilic,paracetamol, cafeina, codeina)
- caffetin ( paracetamol, propifenazona, cafeina, codeina)
- codamn (cafeina, codeina, paracetamol) 2x3/zi
- nurofen plus ( ibuprofen, codeina)
Pentazocina
- dureri moderate si severe- oncologie
- dureri postoperatorii
- analgezic la nastere
Fortral - cpr 50 mg sol inj. 30 mg/ml
Fortwin- sol inj 30 mg/ml
Tramadol
- dureri moderate acute si cronice
- contraindicatii: epilepsie
- tramadol - cps 50 mg, sol inj 50 mg/ ml, sol orala100 mg/ml, supozitoare 100 mg
- Tramadol retard- cpr elib modif 100 mg
- zaldiar- paracetamol+ codeina
Analgezice neopioide + antipiretice
- medicamente ce diminueaza sau suprima durerea si combat febra
1. Acid acetilsalicilic
2. Metamizol
3. Paracetamol
Acid acetilsalcilic
- algii moderate, febra de diferite etiologii
- afectiuni reumaismale inflamatorii
- afectiuni tromboembolice
- administrare: max 4 g/zi
Contraindicatii: ulcer, astm bronsic, sarcina, alergii la salicilati
- acid acetilsalicilic - cpr 500 mg
- AAStamponat - cpr 500 mg
- aspirin - cpr 500, cpr eff+ vit C, cpr masticabile
- Aspirin protect
- Aspenter
- Aspirin cardio
- thrombo ass
Combinatii:
- Fasconal
- antinevralgic
2. Metamizol
- analgezic si antispastic mai intens
- efect antiinflamator nesemnificativ
- antipiretic slab
- algocalmin- cpr 500 mg, sol inj 500 mg/ ml - 2 ml
- piafen
- quarelin ( metamizol, cafeina, drotaverina)
- novocalmin - cpr 500 mg, supozitoare 300 mg
- algozone
3. Paracetamol
- analgezic, antipiretic moderat
- NU are efect antiinflamator
- antidotul la intoxicatia cu paracetamol este acidul acetilsalicilic
-eferalgan
- panadol, panadol baby
- paracetamol sinus, paracetamol plus
- fervex, humex
- tylenol
Antinevralgic
Caffetin, codamin
- solpadein
- coldrsx
- theraflu
Antiinflamatoare
Clasificare
I. Antiinflamatoare nesteroidiene
1. AINS clasice - gen i
2. AINS - COX 2
II. Antiinflamatoare specifice
I. AINS clasice - gen I
1. Acid acetilsalicilic
2. Diclofenac
3. Indometacin
4. Ketorolac
5. Ibuprofen
6. Naproxen
7. Ketoprofen
8. Acid mefenamc
9. Fenilbutazona
10. Piroxicam
11. Tenoxicam
II. AINS COX 2
1. Meloxicam
2. Nimesulid
3. Celecoxib
4. Eterocoxib
Antireumatice specifice
- Hidorxiclorchina
- sulfasalazina
I. AINS Clasice
1. Acid acetilsalicilic
- doze mai mari de 3 g au efect AI
- adm - 3-4 gr /zi
2 Diclofenac
- unul din cele mai active AINS
- adm 150 mg/ zi in 3 prize
- doza de intretinere- 50 mg/zi
- diclofenac- draj, sup
- Clafen - sup, crema, gel, cpr 50 mg
- diclovit
- Refen - cpr retard 100 mg, sol inj
- Tratul - cpr gastrorezistente
- Diclotard, Diclac
- Voltaren - cpr retard 100 mg, drj 50 mg, sup 25/50/100 mg, gel, fiole
- dicloreum
3. Indometacin
- este f activ ca AI
- ind- poliartrita reumatoida, alte boli inflamatorii
- adm - 50-200 mg/ zi in 3 prize
- indometacin - cps 25/50 mg, sup 50 mg, crema, gel
- indocollyre - sol oftalmica 0.1%
4. Ketorolac
- ketorol - cpr film 10 mg, sol inj. 30 mg/ ml- 1 ml
5. Ibuprofen
- efect ANA, ANT AI
- efecte secundare- tulburari digestive
- adm- 1,2-1,8 g/ zi in 3 prize
- advil - drj 200 mg
- advil ultra- cps moi 200 mg
- ibuprofen- cpr200/400/600 mg, gel
- marcofen - cps 400 mg, sirop 100 mg/5 ml
- nurofen- drj200 mg
- Nurofen forte, Plus, Expres
- Paduden
- reuprofen
- ibalgin
- ibusinus
- modafen
6. Naproxen
- AI activ
- adm - 500 mg, apoi 250 mg la 6-8 ore- de 3-4 ori pe zi
- Reuxen cpr 250/500 mg
7. Ketoprofen
- efect AI si ANT
- ind in poliartrita reumatoida
- spondilita
- episoade acute ale artrozelor
- discopatii, reumatism, artrita
- 150 mg-200 mg/ zi in 2-4 prize
- Ketoprofen - cps 100/200 mg, gel
- dexketoprofen- tador
- keithon - ketoprofen+ omeprazol
- ketoproxin 100 mg
- ketonal forte, DUO, UNO, sol inj, gel, supozitoare
- fastum gel
8. Acid mefenamic
- efect ANA, ANT , AI moderate
- ind in afectiuni reumatice, dureri musculare
- cefalee postoperatorie
- febra dismenoree
- adm - 500 mg de 3xzi
Vidan - cpr filmate 500 mg
9. Fenilbutazona
- efect predominant AI
-fenilbutazona - sup 250 mg, ung
10. Piroxicam
- efect AI ANA ANT
Piroxicam - cp 20 mg, sup20,40 mg, crema
Piroxicam- ciclodestrin
- flamexin - cp 20 mg, pulb susp 20 mg/ plic
- tolerabilitate gastrica maxima
- adm: max 40 mg/ zi in doua prize
11. Tenoxicam
- efect AI ANA ANT, antiagregant plachetar slab
- ind: afectiuni reumatice
- neo-eduxis cpr 20 mg, liof ptsol inj
Tenoxicam
II COX 2
1. Meloxicam
- asemanator piroxicamului
- adm 15 mg/ zi
- movalis- cp 7.5/15 mg, sup 15 , fiole
- meloxicam cp 7.5/15 mg
2 Nimesulid
- AINS mai slab
- poliartrita reumatoida, artroza
- Aulin cp 100 mg, gran susp 100 mg
- nimesil - gran susp
- max 2 cpr sau doua plucuri/ zi
3. Celecoxib
AI Potetnt, ANA
- artroza acuta si cronica
- poliartrita reumatoida
- analgezic moderat
- dismenoree primara
- adm 200-400 mg/ zi
- celebre - cps100, 200 mg
4. Etoricoxib
- Arcoxia- cp 60/90/100 mg
Antireumatice specifice
Hidroxiclorchina
- plaquenil
Sulfasalazaina
- sulfasalazin EN - cpr 500
-salazopyrin - cpr500 mg