How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

92 terms

Pages 77-145 English 12B Unit 1

STUDY
PLAY
Samuel Johnson
the greatest writer of the 18th century
Samuel Johnson
A dictionary writer, literary critic, conversationalist, and moralist who started an education at Oxford University (but never finished due to financial matters) and who was deeply impressed by Law's Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life
Samuel Johnson
Unsuccessfully started a private school, unsuccessfully tried to sell a play with David Garrick, wrote for the Gentleman's Magazine, started The Rambler and The Idler, founded and dominated the Literary Club, wrote The Lives of the Poets, edited Shakespeare
Samuel Johnson
Received an honorary master's and doctor's degree from Oxford for A Dictionary of the English Language
1755
Year that A Dictionary of the English Language was published
James Boswell
Author of The Life of Samuel Johnson
Life of Samuel Johnson
the greatest biography in English literature
biography
introduces the facts of another person's life and orders them in such a way that the reader can develop real insight into the person's character
James Boswell
Practiced law and spent years tailing Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
Wrote One-and-Twenty
Augustine
Author of The Confessions
Thomas a Kempis
Author of The Imitation of Christ
John Donne
Wrote many devotional poems and sermons
Brother Lawrence
Author of The Practice of the Presence of God
Jeremy Taylor
Author of The Rule and Exercise of Holy Living and Holy Dying
Blaise Pascal
Author of Pensees
Matthew Henry
Wrote several devotional books, including Directions for Daily Communion with God and Commentary on the Bible
William Law
Author of A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life and Christian Perfection
John Wesley
Authored many works of theology and Christian living
Matthew Henry
A dissenter, Presbyterian pastor, and writer who studied law of Gray's Inn
Josiah Wedgwood
England's most famous pottery maker whose chinaware is recognized today by its white cameo design on a blue or green backround
William Law
An Anglican educated at Cambridge University whose books affected people such as the Wesley brothers, George Whitefield, and Samuel Johnson
Blue Boy
Painted by Thomas Gainsborough; was unusual because of its brilliant blue color
Pinkie
Painted by Thomas Lawrence; depicted Sarah Goodin Barrett Moulton, who died of tuberculosis
George Whitefield
Son of tavern keepers who was Oxford educated, who was part of the "Holy Club", and who preached over 18000 sermons for 34 years to over 10 million people
John Wesley
the great revival leader in England and America and the founder of Methodism; the son of an Anglican minister and Susanna Wesley; saved from death in a burning house; kept a famous Journal; wrote grammars of classical languages and English, handbooks on logic, medicine, and physics, Bible commentaries, works on Church history, theological works, hymns, and editions of early religious classics such as the writings of Bunyan
Isaac Watts
a nonconformist pastor who became the Father of English Hymnody and the author of Hymns and Spiritual Songs (published in 1707)
Philip Doddridge
a nonconformist pastor who became a hymn writer
Charles Wesley
the Poet of Methodism
John Rippon
Published the first Baptist hymnal
Olney Hymns
Expressed man's sinful nature and need of salvation
280
Number of hymns written by John Newton in the Olney Hymns
68
Number of hymns written by William Cowper in the Olney Hymns
John Newton
Wrote Amazing Grace
William Cowper
Wrote There is a Fountain Filled with Blood
Joseph Addison
Wrote The Spacious Firmament on High
Joseph Addison
Wrote How Are Thy Servants Blest, O Lord
Joseph Addison
Wrote When All Thy Mercies, O My God
The Spacious Firmament on High
Based on Psalm 19 and published in The Spectator in 1712
How Are Thy Servants Blest, O Lord
Found at the end of "Greatness"; talks about being in a storm at sea
When All Thy Mercies, O My God
Followed an essay called "Gratitude"
Isaac Watts
Deliberately determined to change the entire system of hymn singing
Isaac Watts
Wrote From All That Dwell below the Skies
Isaac Watts
Wrote Come, Holy Spirit, Heavenly Dove
Isaac Watts
Wrote Jesus Shall Reign
Isaac Watts
Wrote The Heavens Declare Thy Glory, Lord
long meter
made up of a four-line stanza with each line containing eight syllables
short meter
in which the first, second, and fourth lines have six syllables and the third has eight
common meter
in which the first and third contain eight syllables and the second and fourth contain six
From All That Dwell below the Skies
Watt's version of Psalm 117
Jesus Shall Reign
Based on Psalm 72
The Heavens Declare Thy Glory, Lord
Watt's version of Psalm 19
Philip Doddridge
friend of Isaac Watts, composed about 370 hymns which were published after his death, and established an academy and seminary
Philip Doddridge
Wrote O Happy Day
Philip Doddridge
Wrote How Gentle God's Commands
Awake, My Soul, Stretch Every Nerve
Expresses desire to actively serve God
Philip Doddridge
Wrote Awake, My Soul, Stretch Every Nerve
O Happy Day
Originally titled "Rejoicing in Our Covenant Engagement with God"; a favorite of Queen Victoria
Charles Wesley
the "sweet singer" of Methodism; produced over 6500 hymns in fifty-six collections
Charles Wesley
wrote "soldiers of Christ, arise"
Charles Wesley
wrote "I want a principle within"
Charles Wesley
wrote "come, thou long-expected Jesus"
Charles Wesley
wrote "Jesus, lover of my soul"
Charles Wesley
wrote "arise, my soul, arise!"
Augustus Toplady
in Anglican minister who compiled a collection of 418 hymns and wrote "rock of ages"
Augustus Toplady
wrote "if, on a quiet sea"
John Newton
wrote "amazing Grace" and it worked with William Cowper to write the Olney Hymns; was a rough and crude captain of a slave trading ship who was eventually taught by God's grace to fear death, he repented of his stands and fled to God for relief.
John Newton
wrote "fellowship with Christ"
John Newton
wrote "glorious things of thee are spoken"
John Newton
wrote "how sweet the name of Jesus sounds"
pre-romanctic poets
turned away from the formality of Pope and began raiding poetry that was characterized by warmth of expression, a sense of mystery, a delight and wonder, a love for nature, and dress in the past, and a concern for simple country folk. Used verb forms other than the public, such as blank verse, the ballad stanza, and the sonnet. Included William Cowper, Thomas Gray, Oliver Goldsmith, William Blake, and Robert Burns.
poetic diction
language that is reserved for poetry only
William Cowper
remembered as both a hymn writer and a pre-romance poet; suffered periods of mental depression his entire life
William Cowper
wrote "walking with God"
William Cowper
wrote "sometimes a light surprises"
William Cowper
wrote "the castaway"
William Cowper
wrote "the task"
William Cowper
wrote "light shining out of darkness"
Thomas Gray
led the way from classicism romanticism and is remembered for one of the best known poems in the English language -- "elegy written in a country churchyard"
Oliver Goldsmith
an Irish man who was one of the most versatile writers of his age; wrote the poem "the deserted Village", a novel called the Vicar of Wakefield, and wrote a comedy called She Stoops to Conquer. Johnson said that, "he touched nothing that he did not adorn."
William Blake
a mystical poets and artists whose poetry and art are eccentric, mystical, and often rebellious; his poems stress the evils of the city; the restrictions of society; the necessary of individualism, imagination, and emotion; and the love of nature. Wrote songs of innocence and songs of experience
William Blake
wrote "the Lamb", "the Tiger", "applaud in the pebble", "London", and "to see a world in a grain of sand"
Robert Burns
Scotland's greatest poet; his songs in Poland, which are about Scottish life and use the narrative dialect, are now world famous. They often deal with the humble peasants and presented satirical portraits. Many of them reflect the high standards of the Bible loving Scott.
Robert Burns
wrote "Sweet Afton", sometimes called it the greatest songwriter of the world for this piece
Robert Burns
wrote "John Anderson in my Joe"
Robert Burns
wrote "a red, red rose"
Robert Burns
wrote "a man's a man for that"
Robert Burns
wrote "Bannockburn"
Battle of Bannockburn
one of the greatest moments in Scottish history; in this battle the Scots were led by Robert Bruce
Robert Burns
Wrote "Auld Lang Syne"
Robert Burns
wrote "to a mouse" and "to a louse"
Robert Burns
wrote "The Cotter's Saturday Night"