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Who saw optimal activities in the "flow" channel moving outward as skills are gained
State of being fully engaged in an activity leads to energy, focus, and success that often turn out to be the optimal life experience
Ancient Greece; Athenian ideal, Plato
Athenian- Combination of soldier, athlete, artist, statesman, and philosopher.
Plato- Leisure was route to happiness and the good life.
Athenian philosophers believed..
Play was essential to healthy growth.
Leisure was opportunity.
Schole: time to enjoy the arts
Curiales- Owned 25 or more acres of land
Plebes- free common men
Coloni- Lower class
Differences between play or Greeks & Romans
Greeks saw leisure as an opportunity
Romans perceived leisure to be primarily rest from work
Weber's work ethic
Weber created the construct of the "Protestant work ethic"
It is work- not leisure- that makes life worth living
Metaphysics; Traditional & Modern
Traditional- Set of life circumstances
Modern- Psychological state, how person perceives a situation
Epistemology; Empiricists & Rationalists
Rationalists- Ideas generated by our minds
Questions the nature of beauty and value that we associate with art and natural environment
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