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Ap Human Geography Chapter 7 Ethnicity test review

Test review for chapter 7 Ethinicity
Ethnicity is important because

A) it provides the only stable basis of political

B) it opposes nationalism.

C) it promotes peace.

D) it is a bulwark for diversity in the face of the
globalization of culture.

E) it defines citizenship and sovereignty.
Elements of nationalism include all but

A) common culture.

B) shared attitudes.

C) shared emotions.

D) political structure.

E) state symbols.
The concept that nationalities have the right
to govern themselves is known as the right of

A) centripetal force.

B) nation-state.

C) self-determination.

D) sovereignty.

E) ethnic identity.
Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because

A) nearly all Danes speak Danish and live in Denmark.

B) Danish and German nationalities intermingle in

C) the people living on the Faeroe islands, which are
controlled by Denmark, speak Faeroese.

D) Denmark consolidated its boundaries by giving
Greenland to Norway.

E) all of the above
Which of the following is not a strong
centripetal force in the United States?

A) network television

B) the flag

C) the many ethnic groups living in the United

D) "The Star Spangled Banner"

E) baseball
Loyalty and devotion to a state that represents
a particular group's culture is

A) nationalism.

B) nation-state.

C) nation.

D) state.

E) multiculturalism.
What was apartheid?

A) the dialect of Dutch which is spoken in South

B) South Africa's governmental system

C) the existence of landlocked states in
southern Africa

D) the geographic separation of races in South

E) the kinship system of Sub-Saharan Africa
South Africa is the only state in southern Africa

A) still practices apartheid.

B) is completely landlocked.

C) first elected a Black as president during the

D) signed the Law of the Sea.

E) has a strong Italian minority population.
Balkanization refers to

A) the creation of nation-states in southeastern

B) the breakdown of a state due to conflicts among

C) a small geographic area that cannot
successfully be organized into states.

D) ethnic cleansing.

E) religions splintering into opposing groups.
The breakup of Yugoslavia during the 1990s
was caused by

A) ethnic cleansing.

B) the assassination in Sarajevo of the heir to the
throne of Austria-Hungary.

C) rivalries among nationalities.


E) espionage by Russian agents.
The most important centripetal force in
Yugoslavia before its breakup was the

A) religion.

B) language.

C) governmental organization.

D) unit of currency.

E) conflict with Turkey.
Most Africans shipped as slaves were
sent to

A) Caribbean islands.

B) Central America.

C) North America.

D) South America.

E) Europe.
As part of the triangular slave trade system,
ships bound for Europe carried

A) cloth and trinkets.

B) rum and molasses.

C) slaves.

D) gold and silver.

E) all of the above
After World War II ended, millions of people
were forced to migrate because of

A) Soviet repatriation of Gypsies and Jews.

B) counterattacks by the Allies.

C) German expansion.

D) return of defeated German soldiers to their

E) changes in the boundaries of states.
One reason for forced migration in Ethiopia
was the

A) annexation of Somaliland.

B) communist takeover of the government.

C) invasion by Libya.

D) war with Sudan.

E) civil war with the Eriteans.
Large-scale migration occurred in South
Asia after 1947 primarily because of the

A) boat people.

B) communist victory.

C) failure of the monsoon rains.

D) separation of religious groups.

E) new mobility provided by railway
Which of the following is not an element of
cultural diversity?

A) language

B) religion

C) ethnicity

D) race

E) art
The most numerous ethnicity in the United
States is

A) African Americans.

B) Asian Americans.

C) Latinos/Hispanics.

D) American Indians and Alaska Natives.

E) Austral-Asian.
Which best describes the distribution of
ethnicities in the United States?

A) regional concentrations

B) concentrations within cities

C) concentration in cities

D) all of the above

E) B and C
African Americans are clustered in what
area of the United States?

A) Southeast

B) Southwest

C) Plains states

D) Pacific Northwest

E) Northeast
Asian Americans are clustered in what
area of the United States?

A) Southwest

B) West

C) Plains states

D) Northeast

E) Southeast
Latinos and Hispanics are clustered in what
areas of the United States?

A) Northeast, cities

B) West, Southwest

C) Southwest, Southeast

D) cities

E) Pacific Northwest, Plains states
Los Angeles has what kind of ethnic

A) dispersed

B) clustered

C) diverse

D) contiguous

E) inverted
The largest Hispanic/Latino groups in the
United States are from which two countries?

A) Guatemala and Mexico

B) Cuba and Mexico

C) Puerto Rico and Mexico

D) Puerto Rico and Cuba

E) Dominican Republic and Cuba
The largest proportion of Asian Americans
are from

A) Vietnam.

B) Japan.

C) China.

D) the Philippines.

E) Korea.
Native Americans and Alaska Natives
make up what percentage of the total United
States population?

A) 1

B) 2

C) 3

D) 5

E) 8
Ethnic identity for descendants of
European immigrants is primarily preserved

A) neighborhoods and locations.

B) schools and education.

C) language.

D) religion and food.

E) political affiliation.
Which is the most dramatic change in the
geographic distribution of African Americans in
the United States?

A) rural to urban within the state

B) change to sharecropping

C) relocation to northern cities

D) movement out of inner-cities

E) relocation to coastal cities
From 1910 to 1950, population density of
African Americans in ghettos

A) increased.

B) remained the same.

C) decreased.

D) inverted.

E) fluctuated.
Race is

A) characterized by Caucasian, African
American, and Hispanic/Latino.

B) self-identification with a group sharing a
biological ancestor.

C) determinable from physical characteristics.

D) evenly distributed around the world.

E) defined by statute in most states.
Self-identification includes

A) ethnicity.

B) race.

C) religion.

D) all of the above

E) A and C
Racism is belief in

A) biological classification of people.

B) superiority because of racial identity.

C) inferiority because of racial identity.

D) all of the above

E) B and C
Which of the following does the United States
Census Bureau not consider a race?

A) Japanese

B) Black

C) Hispanic/Latino

D) White

E) Samoan
The "separate but equal" doctrine was
legally established by

A) states.

B) Plessy v. Ferguson.

C) Brown v. Board of Education.

D) the Missouri Compromise.

E) the fourteenth amendment to the
People who were restricted by covenants in
deeds included all but

A) Caucasians.

B) Jews.

C) Blacks.

D) Roman Catholics.

E) A and B.
White flight is

A) movement of Whites from northern cities.

B) movement of Whites from southern cities.

C) establishment of suburbs.

D) decrease in percent Whites because of
Black migration from the Southeast.

E) emigration of Whites from an area Blacks
were anticipated to move to.
Neighborhood changes in ethnicity are best
explained by the promoting of

A) segregation.

B) separate but equal

C) blockbusting.

D) self-identification.

E) red lining.
A nation or nationality is

A) a group of people tied to a place through
legal status and tradition.

B) a country.

C) ethnic identity.

D) any cohesive group of people.

E) a group with shared religion, language, and
origin of birth.
In the United States, which is shared by all

A) nationality

B) language

C) ethnicity

D) race

E) gender
Nation-states in Europe were formed

A) in the nineteenth century.

B) easily from empire boundaries.

C) by drawing boundaries.

D) based on language.

E) after the First World War.
Conflict in Africa is widespread because

A) colonial boundaries.

B) numerous ethnic groups.

C) rapid economic development.

D) all of the above

E) A and B.
Traditionally the most important unit of
African society was the

A) state.

B) tribe.

C) nation.

D) kingdom.

E) caliphate.
The former Soviet Union used which as the
primary centripetal device?

A) religion

B) language

C) ethnicity

D) race

E) music
Which describes the nationality of the
United Kingdom?

A) Welsh

B) English

C) British

D) Irish

E) Saxon
Ethnicities in the same country come into
conflict when

A) they have traditions of self-rule.

B) they share a language.

C) minority ethnicities are officially recognized.

D) national identity is shared.

E) wealth is evenly distributed.
Sri Lanka has continuing ethnic conflict

A) Sinhalese Buddhists and Tamil Hindus.

B) Dravidian animists and Hindu rebels.

C) Jacobites and Assyrians

D) Urdu separatists and Kashmir rebels.

E) Hutus and Tutsis.
Conflict over territory in the Middle East is
strongest for

A) Lebanon.

B) Palestine.

C) Egypt.

D) Jordan.

E) Kuwait.
Until it was forced to withdraw its troops in
2005, most of Lebanon was controlled by

A) Jordan.

B) Syria.

C) Israel.

D) Egypt.

E) Iran.
The Lebanese civil war resulted when the
country broke down because of

A) ethnic groups.

B) religious groups.

C) changes in the majority between religious

D) independent armies.

E) famine.
The process when a group forcibly removes
another group is called

A) war.

B) migrational push factors.

C) racism.

D) ethnic cleansing.

E) white flight.
As Sudan's religion-based civil war was
winding down, an ethnic war erupted in the
region of

A) Eritrea.

B) Tigre.

C) Darfur.

D) Amhara.

E) Oromo.