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Islam Vocabulary, Chapter 10
Terms in this set (37)
How Muhammad lived his life, provides a model for proper conduct
Holy book of Islam
Believers of Islam, one who submits to God
to submit yourself to God
Muslim law based on the Qur'an and the Sunna
Sacred shrine located in Mecca that Muhammad dedicated to Allah
The prophet/founder of Islam
The pilgrimage to Mecca
the city that welcomed Muhammad and his followers in when they were exiled in the Desert.
City of the prophet where Muhammad took on a political, religious, and spiritual role
Muslim house of worship
Giving money to the poor
The holy month during which Muslims fast to commemorate Muhammad receiving his revelations from the Angel Gabriel
Muslim prayer leader
The journey from Mecca to Medina and the beginning the Muslim calendar
The inner spiritual struggle Muslims must undertake to make themselves better people, but can also refer to armed conflict
People of the Book
The reference to Jews and Christians as people who read the Bible
Branch of Muslims that rely on the Qur'an and Muhammad's Sunna as sources of authority. Believe caliph can be elected.
Branch of Muslims that believe Muhammad left behind his descendants to offer spiritual guidance. Believe caliph should descend from Muhammad.
Successor of Muhammad
Rightly Guided Caliphs
First four successors after Muhammad who followed Muhammad's Sunna (example).
Muhammad's vision of a unified super tribe.
House of Wisdom
A institute founded in Baghdad during the Abbasid Caliphate in which scholars expanded upon Classical Information and made discoveries in many different fields.
A mathematical discovery made by Muslim scholars described as the bringing together of unknowns.
Causes for the Crusades
The invasion by the Seljuk Turks of the Abbasid Empire which made travel unsafe to the Holy Land and threatened the survival of the Byzantine Empire.
The First Crusade
The only successful crusade during which Western European Roman Catholics gained control of the Holy Land and carved out 4 crusader kingdoms in the region.
The Holy Land
Palestine/ Israel (the city of Jerusalem)
Pope Urban II
The leader of the Roman Catholic church who gave a speech that inspired Roman Catholics across Western Europe to take up arms to fight in defense of the Holy Land and Eastern Christian allies.
The Byzantine Emperor who appealed to the Pope for help because his empire was being invaded by the Muslim Seljuk Turks.
Central Asian people who converted to Islam and eventually conquered the Abbasid Caliphate.
Muslim caliphate in Spain
Crusaders attacked and looted the capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople.
The city of Constantinople fell to the Turks.
Impact of the Crusades
Increase trade between Western Europe and the East, Western Europe gains access to eastern ideas, technologies, goods, and even diseases, Western Europeans kings grow in power as they centralize their governments building systems of bureaucracy and taxation, feudalism declines
5 Pillars of Islam
the 5 duties that all Muslims must perform: declaration of faith, prayer 5 times a day in direction of Mecca, Alms, Ramadan, and pilgrimage to Mecca
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