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Unit 3- Southern and Eastern Asia
Terms in this set (40)
What is a cause of pollution of the Ganges River?
trash dumping, flooding of the rivers, bathing/swimming
What connection does overpopulation have to pollution?
overpopulation is having too many people in a location which can increase pollution
What are the major effects of air pollution in Asia?
respiratory diseases and lung cancer
What causes flooding in Asia?
heavy rain and monsoons, deforestation (cutting down trees), earthquakes
Why are China and India different than most countries in Asia? (they have the most...?)
they are the most populated countries in the world
What are the major religions in Asia?
Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Shintoism, Islam
What is the major religion in Japan that believes in spirits called Kami?
What is the difference between monotheistic and polytheistic?
monotheistic is believing in one god and polytheistic is believing in many gods
Which of the Asian religions is the oldest, starting in India around 2000 B.C.?
What is the difference between an ethnic group and religious group?
you can choose your religion, but you are born with your ethnic group
What is specialization?
when a nation or individual puts all its efforts on producing a limited variety of goods
What is the purpose of outsourcing?
to save money by giving portions of work to outside suppliers
What is an entrepreneur?
a person who takes a risk to start a business
Japan has the resources to make technology and focuses on that industry. What is this called?
China is moving away from a communist economic system. What does a communist economic system mean?
the government has all the control, all the wealth is divided equally, private ownership is very limited
All of the countries in the world today have what time of economic system?
What are the 3 types of trade barriers? Define them.
tariff- tax on imported goods; quota- limit on imported goods; embargo- stop trade with another country (ban on trade)
How does literacy rate affect GDP?
the more people who can read and write create more businesses and money for a country, increasing GDP
China specializes in manufacturing, especially toys, cars, electronics and furniture. What does this mean?
China is good at making these items so they focus on making them
. Why does India have such a high GDP but a low GDP per capita?
India has an extremely high population, so the GDP is spread out over all those people
. Japan has very little farmland, so instead they focus on creating goods on factories, which they are good at doing because they have the resources to do so. What is this called?
. North Korea is very different from other countries in the world because they have what type of economy?
. Which of the following is a type of government where local and central shares power?
. What is a type of government where a small group of people give citizens a little freedom?
. China is considered an oligarchic government, which means what?
a small group of people have control and makes the decisions
. What is the Japanese legislature created by the MacArthur Constitution called?
. What does it mean when a country is a republic?
the people elect individuals to make the laws for them (representatives)
What does it mean when a country is a monarchy?
the country is ruled by some type of royalty, such as a king, queen, or emperor
. China has a unitary system, which means that which government holds all of the power?
. Japan has many of the same characteristics in their constitution as the U.S. due to what U.S. general?
General Douglas MacArthur
. What is nationalism?
the feeling of love and pride in your country, so much that you would fight for it
. Who was the leader of the non-violent protests in India?
. What two groups of people in India had conflict after Independence?
Hindus and Muslims
. What happened at Pearl Harbor?
the Japanese surprise attacked the U.S. naval base in Hawaii and it brought the U.S. into WWII
. Who was the general that helped rebuild Japan?
General Douglas MacArthur
. What was the importance of the bombs dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima?
the bombs destroyed the cities and made Japan finally surrender
. Why was Mao Zedong important to China?
he took over the country with the communist party and made China communist, ruled China for many years
. What was the Great Leap Forward?
when the government took control of all of the farms and turned them into collectives, people had no control and no motivation to work or farm so it created a large famine
. What was containment?
the policy of trying to stop the spread of communism
. Why did the U.S. get involved in Korea and Vietnam?
to try to stop the spread of communism and turn these countries into democratic allies
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