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Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1

Whitney Rolfes 12th Edition
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Hypothesis
In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem is called the?
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
The ____ for nutrients are generally designed to meet the needs of almost all healthy people.
Controls
In an experiment, the subjects are similar in all respects except for the treatment being tested.
19
A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 kilocalories, which includes 30 g of fat. Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed to fat?
Estimated Average Requirement
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) are based on the Estimated Average Requirement.
16
How many minerals are known to be required in the diet of human beings?
Values
The motive for a person who alters his diet due to religious convictions is most likely his____?
Habit
A person who eats a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast every day would be displaying a food choice most likely based on ____?
Anecdote
Your friend Carrie took a daily supplement of Vitamin C and stated that she felt a lot better. Her experience is best described as a ______?
Body Weight
What is an anthropometric measure?
Negative Correlation
An increase in exercise accompanied by a decrease in body weight is an example of a ____?
Risk Factors
Factors known to be related to a disease but not proven to be causal are called?
Organic
Term to describe substances with carbon-carbon or carbon-hydrogen bonds.
Vitamins
Which of the following nutrients does not yield energy during its metabolism?
DRI Dietary Reference Intake
What term best describes the amounts of nutrients that should be consumed by the population?
Positive Association
A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is displaying a food behavior known as ____?
Emotional Comfort
A person viewing an exciting sports match of her favorite team and eating because of nervousness would be displaying a food choice behavior most likely based on ____?
Laboratory Tests
To identify early-stage malnutrition, a health professional would use which parameters?
120
Approximately how many milliliters are in a half-cup of milk.
Historical information, anthropometic data, physical examinations, laboratory tests
As a registered dietician at Jones Hospital, you are instructed to write a policy statement on nutrition assessment procedures for all new patients. Which are useful parameters for the nutrition assessment of individuals?
Engage in regular physical activities
Name a recommendation of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Macronutrients
Nutrients the body requires in relatively large amounts. Carbohydrate, fat, protein
Setting nutrient goals for individuals
What is a purpose of both Recommended Dietary Allowance and Adequate Intake?
Water, Protein, Fats, Carbohydrates, Minerals, Vitamins
Name the 6 classes of nutrients
220
A diet provides a total of 2200 kcalories, of which 40% of the energy is from fat and 20% is from protein. How many grams of carbohydrate are contained in the diet?
Nutrient Requirement
The smallest amount of a nutrient that is consumed over a prolonged period that maintains a specific function is called ____?
Nutrient Claim
A food label that advertises the product as a "rich source of fiber" is an example of a ____?
Empty K-Calorie Food
A food that contains energy and little or no protein, vitamins, or minerals.
Husk
Whole grain flour contains all the parts of the grain with the exception of the ____?
Enriched Grain Products
Type of food that has added nutrients listed on the label.
Cornstarch
A food label ingredient list reads in the following order: Wheat flour, vegetable shortening, sugar, salt, and cornstarch. What item wold be found in the smallest amount in the food?
Soybeans
Textured vegetable protein is usually made from ____?
Meats
What food group is legumes found in?
Sugar, puffed wheat, dry milk powder, salt, red food coloring
A food scientist is developing a new and improved cereal bar. She consults with you to ask what order the ingredients should be listed on the food label. The ingredients are: Sugar 30g, puffed wheat 28g, Dry milk powder 5g, red food coloring 35 mg, salt 2g. What is the appropriate order in which to list these ingredients on the food label?
6
Cooking an 8 ounce raw steak will reduce the weight (ounces) to approximately?
30
Approximately how many milliliters constitute a fluid ounce?
Iron
What mineral is added to refined flours in the enrichment process?
30
Approximately how many grams are in an ounce?
False
True or False: A particular food group plan sorts foods of similar water content?
Milk Products and Plant Foods
Name two items allowed in the diet of a lactovegetarian.
Principle of Variety
A principle in food planning that ensures the benefit of diluting harmful substances.
True
Does this statement represent a high level of significant scientific agreement. "This product contains whole grains which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers."
False
True or False: Vegetarians typically have a high amount of zinc absorption due to their high soy intake.
Nutrient Dense
Term that refers to foods that provide more nutrients relative to kcalories.