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the excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach
amebiasis; transmitted by food or water that is contaminated due to poor sanitary conditions. caused by the one-celled parasite entamoeba histolytica. in the mild form, symptoms include loose stools, stomach pain and stomach cramping. in the severe form, there can be bloody stools and fever
Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
an eating disorder in which a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve
grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth; also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers
The field of medicine that focuses on the treatment and control of obesity and diseases associated with obesity
Rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
food poisoning characterized by paralysis and often death; caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise.
a condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS
radiographic imaging of the bile ducts (after administration of contrast media to outline the ducts)
acute infection of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, fever, and jaundice
the direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowel. Typical symptoms are abdominal pain, weight loss, and diarrhea. There may also be rectal bleeding that can lead to anemia. Special X-rays and tests are needed to differentiate Crohn's from other diseases with similar symptoms.
swollen, twisted veins in the esophagus that are especially susceptible to ulceration and hemorrhage
an endoscopic procedure that allows direct visualization of the upper GI tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum
gastroesophageal reflux disease
the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestional contents into the esophagus, causingheartburn and the gradual breakdown of the mucous barrier of the esophagus
a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client's stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications
fecal occult blood test; a laboratory test for hidden blood in the stools. a test kit i s used to obtain the specimens at home and these are then evaluated in a laboratory or physician's office
inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
blister-like sores on the lips and adjacent facial tissue that are caused by the oral herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1); also known as cold sores or fever blisters
a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm
blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
occurs when part of the intestine protrudes downward into the groin region and commonly into the scrotal sac in the male.
yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight
overfatness to the point of injuring health. Obesity is often defined as 20 percent or more above the appropriate weight for height
involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving along in one direction through the digestive system
a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
the endoscopic examination of the interior of the rectum, sigmoid colon, and possibly a portion of the descending colon
pertaining to the inability to open the mouth fully; occurs in patients with oral cancer who undergo a combination of surgery and radiation therapy
a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever and chills and profuse diarrhea
abnormal twisting of the intestines (usually in the are of the ileum or sigmoid colon) resulting in intestinal obstruction
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