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American Civil War

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slave pl. slaves
Sklave; expl.: in the Civil War, the blacks were slaves
jaunty
showing that you are confident and happy
Gettysburg
important town where civil war took place
rebellion
Rebellion; came from the Confederates
Home Guard
"police"; citizens who formed a group to protect themselves
Southener
Confederate; person who lived in the South of America
Yankee
person who lived in the northern side of Amerca (while the Civil War)
retreat (of an army)
a movement away from the enemy after losing a battle
campaign
a series of attacks which should achieve a paticular result inthe Civil War
antebellum
time period before the Civil War
Reconstruction period
rebuild of the cities and villages after the Civil War
emancipation proclamation
the removal of slavery in the Southern states by the government
infantry
soldiers fighting by foot in the war
catridge box
used to hold ammunition; made out of leather
artillery
large weapon like a cannon
The Underground Railroad
loose organisation to help southern slaves to escape to the north
wooden shacks
a slave's housing
plantation
main working place for a black slave
blockade
declaration of the blockade against the main Confederate parts
territories (pl.), territory
huge areas of a country
nurses
women who served as volunteers in hospitals in the Civil War
weapons
this was used to attack and defend the soldiers
secession
when a country becomes independent of another country
federal
e.g.: a group of states which control their own affairs (but are also controlled ba a single national government)
sanctuary
a protected place for slaves
famine
after the Civil War, there was a large number of people who didn´t have any food for a long time
rifle
a "long" gun
kepi
a cap worn by the soldiers of the Civil Was
abolition
removal
13th Amendment
this freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners
artisants
skilled worker
border states
states that remained in the Union during the secession crisis, but slavery was legal in those states (Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware)
Black Codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of newly freed black slaves freedom
share cropping
the system of renting land for a share of crop
to impeach
to formally charge a government official with a serious crime in a special government court
ironclad
a ship covered with iron plates; used in the Civil War
Minie Ball
the standard rifle bullet
to secede
to withdraw (from somewhere)
assassination
killing of a leader
to emancipate
to free/to set free
bounty
money given to soldiers who were willing to fight
segregation
the practice of keeping people inseperate groups based ontheir culture or race
acquit
to find not guilty
freedmen
men/women/children who have been enslaved
fugitive
runaway; trying to run away
draft
the selection of people for military service
Fort Sumter
first battle of the Civil War took place in Fort Sumpter
casualty
a killed or wounded (military) person
matyr
a person who is killed or made to suffer greatly because of their political or religious belief
Antietam
This is where the bloodiest battle of the Civil War took place
sectionalism
loyalty to one's own religion of the country, rather than the nation as a whole
poll tax
charging money in order to vote; used to prevent African americans from voting
depletion
using something up; getting rid of
slave codes
law to control behaviours and actions of slaves
Draft riots
reaction to the enrollment act; also racist reaction by some
Copperheads
a faction of Democrats in the North; opposed the Civil War
Contrabands
escapeds slaves that flad to the northern line for protection
cavalry
soldiers who fought on horsebacks
siege
the act of surrounding and attacking a fortified area over a period of time
sovereign
above superior to all others
abolitionists
a person against slavery
pontoon
a flat boat used as one of the supports of a temporary bridge over a river
rations
a fixed allowance of provisions of food
artillery
military branch that fires cannons
farb
reenactort who is not hardcore