28 terms

Stock Market Terms

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52 Week High
The highest price a stock was sold for in the past 52 weeks.
52 Week Low
The lowest price a stock was sold for in the past 52 weeks.
Invest
money put into a business to earn more money
Stock Market
A general term used to describe all transactions involving the buying and selling of stock shares issued by a company.
stock
A certificate of ownership or a share in a corporation
shares
equal portions of a corporation's stock
industry
A collection of businesses with a common line of products or services
Private company
A company that does not offer stock to the public to buy
Public company
a company whose shares are traded freely on a stock exchange.
Parent company
A company that controls or owns another company or companies.
Ticker symbol
A short abbreviation used to identify a stock. It can have letters or numbers.
Stock Exchange
a market for buying and selling stock (NASDAQ, NYSE, TSX)
Product
The goods or services a company produces for its customer to their specifications.
Trade
Exchange of goods and services
Liquidity
A measure of the ease with which an asset can be converted into money without a significant loss of value.
Solidity
A term used for the ability a business has to survive and optionally manage loss.
Bear
a market where stock prices are going down
Bull
A market where stock prices are increasing
Securities Market
is a market where securities are traded either on physical or electronic exchanges.
It is dependent on the economy and society that surrounds it.
Mutual Fund
fund that pools the savings of many individuals and invests this money in a variety of stocks, bonds, and other financial assets
Equity
Amount of owners' or shareholders' portion of a business.
Dividend
The portion of corporate profits paid out to stockholders
Blue Chip Stock
stock of an established and historically successful corporation
Penny Stock
typically sells for less than $1 a share, although it can sell for as much as $10 a share
Stock Options
rights to buy a certain number of shares of stock at a specified price
Opening price
price per share of stock at the beginning of the day
Closing Price
The last price a share is sold for when the stock market closes
Risk versus return
The amount of risk (potential lose) associated with the return (potential financial gain)

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