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23 terms

Medical Terminology - Positional and Directional Terms (Body as a Whole Test 2)

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cephalic (superior)
upper end, head area
caudal (inferior)
lower, below, feet area
decubitus
horizontal position (usually referring to a person who is bedridden)
medial
pertaining to the middle or center of the body
lateral
pertaining to the side of the body
proximal
near or close to the source
distal
away from the source
eversion
turning outward
inversion
abnormal condition in which an organ is turned inside out
flexion
decreasing the angle of a joint
extension
increasing the angle of a joint
peripheral
pertaining to the outside surrounding area or surface of
recumbent
lying down or leaning backwards
supine
lying on your back, face up
prone
lying on your stomach, face down
apex
tip
base
bottom
afferent
conducting towards
efferent
conducting away
frontal (vertical)
divides structures into back and front
saggital
any vertical slice
midsagittal
median, equal left and right halves (vertical)
transverse
any horizontal slice