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5th Grade Math MSP STUDY Vocabulary
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Gravity
MSP
Terms in this set (92)
above
In a higher place or position; in excess of or over
acute triangle
a triangle with three acute angles
base
the face on which a shape or solid stands
century
a length of time equal to one hundred years
circle graph
a graph in the shape of a circle or pie. It shows how the total amount has been divided.
column
an arrangement of figures, one above the other
combinations
a grouping of different items or events, in which order is not important
common multiple
numbers that are multiples of two or more numbers
commutative
adding or multiplying two or more numbers in any order and still getting the same answer
composite number
a number with more than two factors
congruent angle
angles that have the exact same measurement
chord
a straight line that joins any two points on a circle
date
month, day, and year
decimal form
a number that uses a decimal point followed by digits showing values less than one
decimal point
a point or dot used to separate the whole number part from the fractional part of a number
decompose
to break into smaller parts
degrees (angle)
a unit used for measuring angles
determine
to find or figure out
diagram
a picture that shows information
diameter
a chord that includes the center of a circle
dice
two or more regular 3-D shapes, usually a cube, marked with spots or numerals
dilation
a change in size of a figure without changing its angles
dimensions
a measure of size including length, width, and height
divisible
can be divided by another number without leaving a remainder
equilateral triangle
a triangle with 3 equal sides and 3 equal angles
evaluate
to solve or find the value of an expression
factor tree
a diagram that shows how a number breaks down into factors
fitted line
a line on a plot which can be drawn near the points to more clearly show the trend between two sets of data
function
a relationship between two sets
geometric solid
a three dimensional shape
greatest common factor
the largest single factor for two or more numbers; also known as GCF
heads
the side of a coin containing the head
hectometer
100 meters
height
measurement from top to bottom
high
above average
horizontal axis
a line that runs left to right on a grid (x-axis)
how many
total
hundred thousands
100,000
increase
make something bigger (in size or quantity)
integer
the set of positive and negative whole numbers and 0
isosceles triangle
a triangle with 2 equal sides and 2 equal angles
least common denominator
the common multiple of two or more denominators that has the last value
likelihood
the chances
line graph
a graph that uses a line or curve to show data changes over time
line of best fit
a line on a plot which can be drawn near the points to more clearly show the trend between two sets of data
linear
in a straight direction
linearly related
relating to a line
mean
average
micrometer
any device used for measuring very small distances
mileage table
a table showing distances
obtuse angle
an angle with a measure greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees
obtuse triangle
a triangle with one obtuse angle
odd
any number that cannot be divided by 2
origin
a point at which something begins
parallel line
lines that are the same distance apart at all points
perpendicular line
lines that form a 90 degree angle where they cross
plus
to add
prime number
a number with exactly two factors (1 and itself)
proof
a demonstration of truth of a mathematical statement
protractor
an instrument used to measure and draw angles
prove
to verify
quintillion
1,000,000,000,000,000,000
radius
a line segment with one endpoint at the center of a circle and its other endpoint on the circle
ratio
a comparison of two numbers, often written as a fraction
reduce
to simplify or make smaller; to express a fraction in its simplest form
reflection
a flip of a flat figure across a line that creates a mirror image
plane region
all the points inside of a closed shape together with all the points on the edge of the shape
solid region
all the points inside a closed area together with all the points on the surface
right triangle
a triangle with one angle measuring 90 degrees
Roman numeral
the Roman system of numbering where numbers are represented by letters
scale (axis)
the numbers along an axis that gives values for a graph
scalene triangle
a triangle that has sides of different lengths and three different angles
smaller
less than
south
the direction to the right of sunrise; on a map usually down
square centimeter
equal to the area of a square that measures 1 centimeter on each side
square feet
equal to the area of a square that measures 1 foot on each side
square mile
equal to the area of a square that measures 1 mile on each side
straight angle
an angle with a measure of 180 degrees
symmetry
a line on which a figure can be folded into two parts that are congruent mirror images of each other
systematic list
organizing information or numbers based upon a system
tails
the side of the coin opposite the heads
thousandth
one of 1,000 equal parts of a whole
three-dimensional
a term used to describe space figures; they occupy space and have volume
transformation
a change in the size, shape, or position of a figure
translation
the movement of a figure along a line
triangular prism
a prism that has triangles as bases
trillion
equal to 1,000 billions or equals a million million; in standard form it is written as 1,000,000,000,000
union
a combination of two or more things
variable
a letter or other symbol that represents a number
vertical angle
congruent angles that form opposite each other when two lines intersect
vertical axis
a line that runs tops to bottom on a grid (y-axis)
west
the general direction of the sunset; on a map usually to the left
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