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Architecture - The Floor Plan
Terms in this set (53)
A drawing of a building with the roof removed as seen from above.
The imaginary line or slice on a floor plan drawing showing where a building is "cut", typically about 4 feet above the floor. Everything below the cutting plan appears in the floor plan.
A detailed list of needs that must be fulfilled by the building's final design.
A simple diagram of rooms shaped like circles, used by architects for understanding the relationships between rooms.
A description of how the building, space, or room is used.
A door that connects two rooms or spaces.
A door that connects a room in a home to the outside.
An entry hall.
The wider platform between two flights or levels of stairs. Often, the landing may be where the stairs change direction.
The horizontal part of the stair where your foot steps.
The vertical part of the stair spanning between the treads where your toe "kicks".
Open to Below
An architectural term used to describe an upper floor space with a railing around an opening where you can look down into the room or space below.
A small bathroom that has only a sink and toilet.
Drywall (also called Gypsum Board)
Thin sheets made from a gypsum center and covered with paper on each side. Used for covering walls, and are screwed to the studs.
The path that a person travels when walking through spaces in a building.
The person or company that pays the architect to design the building.
Closed Floor Plan
A floor plan where four walls enclose each space.
Open Floor Plan
A floor plan without walls to fully enclose the spaces.
Interior Partition Wall
A wall within a home that separates rooms from one another.
A wall that separates rooms from the outside.
Common Wall/Party Wall
A wall shared by two adjacent but separate buildings or apartments.
A space or room in a home, such as a bedroom, typically used only by family members.
A space or room in a home, such as the living room, typically used by both family members and guests.
An applied science that deals with the relationship between the shape of an object and the size and shape of the human body, so that people can use these objects safely and comfortably.
A simple diagram drawn early in the design process that represents the big ideas for an architectural design.
Light that bounces off a surface before coming into a space.
A tall narrow space with windows at the top used to bring light down to a building's interior.
A smaller section of the roof that rises above the main roof level and contains windows to let daylight down to the interior of the building.
The direct light that comes from the sun.
A soft light that comes into a space from many directions.
Light from a source that uses electricity.
Light that has been scattered and reflected off an irregular surface.
A window located directly above a door.
The way a room is designed or the furniture arranged to limit what people outside the space can easily see.
The systems that provide a building with heating and cooling.
A system designed to heat or cool a building with little or no electricity.
A system relying heavily on electricity or natural gas to heat or cool a building.
The acronym that refers to a building's Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning systems.
The movement of fresh outside air in through one window and out through another window on an opposite wall.
Warm Air Rising
Warm air is lighter than cold air, so it naturally rises in a space.
Stack Effect Ventilation
Cooling produced when warm air rises out the top of a building and is replaced by cooler air entering low in a building.
A large hollow vessel for heating the water that in turn heats the building.
A device, usually mounted on a wall and connected to the active HVAC system, designed to automatically detect the room temperature and adjust it to a desired pre-set level.
A special type of floor plan that indicates the location of outlets, switches, light fixtures, and other permanent electrical devices.
A metal cabinet with rows of electrical switches that control and protect the amount of electricity in a building.
A device that makes or breaks electric current. A switch in a room turns a light or another piece of electrical equipment on or off.
Outlet (also called a receptacle)
The place on a wall that is wired to supply electricity to a room. An outlet typically has two sockets where a device can be plugged in.
A special type of safety outlet that automatically cuts power if it senses that the electrical current is not continuous, such as may occur if the electricity is running through a person.
Toilets, sinks, showers, dishwashers, washers, etc. These fixtures take clean water from the city's water system and return dirty waste water into a septic system or sewer system.
A vessel that heats the water that will be used for washing and cooking.
An underground tank that receives a building's liquid waste, separates solids from liquids, and uses natural bacteria to purify the liquid before discharging it into the ground.
Underground pipes that carry liquid waste away from a building for disposal at a water treatment plant.
The angle at which a roof slopes down.
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