36 terms

literary terms/spelling Mrs. LeBlanc

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alliteration
When several words that begin with the same sound are next to each other, or close together.
Author's Attitude
How the author feels about the information in a text.
Author's Purpose
Why the author wrote; to entertain, persuade, explain, describe, etc.
Expository Text
non-fiction genre of literature. Facts. Text books are expository.
Chronological order
listing events in time order. What happened first, second, next, etc.
Compare
to explain how two things are alike.
Contrast
to explain how two things are different.
Fable
a short story with talking animals that teaches a lesson for humans.
Figurative Language
Language in literature that includes such figures of speech as similes, metaphors, personification, alliteration, or idioms.
Folk Tale
A story from another culture that has been handed down in the oral storytelling tradition from generation to generation
Genre
A literary category (biography, fiction, folk tale, etc.)
Hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration (I waited in line for a year)
Idiom
A set of expression of two or more words whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of the individual words. "I'm going to hit the books." The literal meaning is "I'm going to pound the book with my hands!" The figurative meaning is: I am going to read my books and study!
Inference
To understand information that is not directly or explicitly stated.
Metaphor
Compares two unlike things by saying one is the other. (The snow is a white blanket)
Meter
A regular pattern of rhythm. You can clap the rhythm in most poetry. Writing that does not use meter (like a novel) is called prose.
Myth
an old story that explains how something in nature came to be. The most famous myths have been handed down over the years from ancient Greece or Rome.
Narrative
in story form, with characters, setting, and plot.
Narrative Poetry
a poem that narrates, or tells a story ("Debts","first rain", " my grandmother had one good coat")
Onomatopoeia
words that sound like the noise they make (buzz, crunch, hiccup)
Personification
giving human qualities to a non-human (the moon yawned, the flowers nodded their heads)
Persuasive text
literature that is meant to convince (persuade) someone.
Prediction
a good guess, based on knowledge or experience
Refrain
a group of lines that are repeated two or more times in a poem or song
Repetition
using the same word or phrase more than once in a poem (repeating)
Rhyme Scheme
when two words end with the same sound, we say they rhyme. Poets sometimes use rhyming words to make their writing sound different from prose. Rhymes can help words sound special or more musical. Rhyming words are usually placed at the end of a line in a poem. The pattern of rhyming words in a poem is called the Rhyme Scheme. We notate the rhyme scheme using alphabet letters such as ABAB.
Rhythm
a regular, repeated pattern of sound, easy to clap the pattern, sing-song quality
Sensory Language
Words used to help the reader feel, taste, see, smell, or hear.
Short Story
A story with a fully developed theme, but it is significantly shorter and less elaborate than a novel. A short story can be read in one sitting. It has just one plot; it's too short for sub-plots. (Eleven, by Sandra Cisneros, Priscilla and the Wimps by Richard Peck)
Simile
compares two unlike things by saying one is like or as another (sly as a fox)
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem. Usually the lines in a stanza are related to each other in the same way the lines in a paragraph go together in prose.
Supporting Evidence
using or quoting sentences or phrases from the text to prove your point
Symbol
a person, place, object, or action that stands for something besides itself. The U.S. flag is a symbol of our country. A rose can be a symbol of love. Blue skies can be a symbol of optimism. A weapon can be a symbol of aggression and warfare.
Tall Tale
A fictional story that includes extreme exaggeration (hyperbole), a bigger than life character, vivid descriptions, folksy language, and ridiculous situations.
Theme
a truth about life, revealed in a work of literature. Theme is not just about the characters in the story, but about people everywhere. Themes focus on "big ideas" and recur over and over again in books. Books usually have more than one theme. (Don't judge a book by its cover), (A brave person can accomplish the un expected)
Tone
the mood a writer creates by using particular words or phrases. When a story or poem begins "It was a dark and stormy night", the reader clearly does not expect a light- hearted story.