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Society for the Encouragement of Useful Manufactures
attempted to demonstrate the potential of large-scale industrial enterprises
idea that women should not rush into marriage but should first improve their minds so that they could instill republican ideals in their children
Indian Trade and Intercourse Acts
series of laws designed to promote better relations between Indians and whites
Fugitive Slave Law
(1793) required return of runaway slaves; denied blacks any constitutional protections
belief in representative democracy; opposition to monarchism and aristocracy; the yeoman farmer best exemplifies civic virtue
required popular virtue, and virtue being the disposition to place public good above private interest and to exercise vigilance in keeping government under control
Jefferson's mission to restore liberty and tranquility that he thought the US had enjoyed in its earliest years; to reverse what he saw a drift into despotism
Chief Justice John Marshall
arch-Federalist appointed by John Adams; one of most influential judges on the Supreme Court
Marbury vs Madison
Marshall and Court ruled that Congress had exceeded its constitutional authority; set standard for judicial review
Jefferson's purchase of interior of North American from France; virtually doubled size of United States
Shoshone Indian who guided Lewis and Clark on expedition; acted as symbol of peace between tribes
plotted alliance of Nova Scotia, New England, New York, Pennsylvania by Aaron Burr
suspected treasonous group of planters, politicians, and army officers led by former U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr
celebrated wisdom of farmer against rulers and warned against governments' tendency to encroach on liberty
Orders in Council
a series of British trade decrees through which Britain intended to blockade part of continental Europe; staunch flow of products that might aid French war effort
British practice of taking deserters and others from American ships for service in the Royal Navy
Embargo Act of 1807
Jefferson's attempt at peaceable coercion by suspending American trade with France and England
mostly ineffective act that lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports; meant to damage the economies of the Britain/France
Macon's Bill No. 2
act to motivate Britain and France to stop seizing American vessels during the Napoleonic Wars
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