hydrogen bonded to oxygen bonded to an organic molecule's carbon skeleton; alcohol; polar (-OH)
consists of a carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bond. Name: Ketones (w/in a carbon skeleton) or Aldehydes (at the end of carbon skeleton). Example: Acetone (ketone) or Propanal (aldehyde) -C=O
A functional group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group.
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms; can act as a base in solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and acquiring a charge of +1 (-NH2)
function group- a sulfur atom bonded to an atom of hydrogen; resembles hydroxyl group in shape
a phospsorus atom is bonded to four oxygen atoms. one oxygen is bonded to the carbon skeleton, two oxygen carry negative charges (-OPO3)
-CH3, consists of a carbon bounded to three hydrogen atoms, methylated compounds, affects expression of genes if bounded to DNA, hydrophobic
Compound used by cells to store and release energy - ATP