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Arts and Humanities
test two review keathly christian scriptures
Terms in this set (221)
when did the OT come to a close?
who started the religious reform?
rebuilt walls of the temple
what resulted from the babylonian captivity?
diaspora (spreading of the jews)
summaritans (thought of as lesser jews)
who was a persian ruler who defeated babylonians, allowed jewish to return, and rebuilt the temple and walls?
cyrus the great
what was the persian religion called that had dualism of good and evil, hierarchy of angels and demons, and a belief in the resurrection
who was the great emperor that spread hellenism?
alexander the great
what dynasty was based in egypt and where the Septuagint was translated?
which dynasty was led by antiochus epiphanes who enforced hellenism and desecrated the temple by pouring pigs blood?
why did the jews hate antiochus epiphanes?
no tolerance for any religion besides hellenism
what arises in response to the oppression of Epiphanes?
who was the maccadean revolt led by?
what technique was used in the maccadean revolt?
gorilla warfare. hide out until a caravan comes, attack it and go back into hiding
what did judas macabeaus' name mean?
hammer - he was known for his superior military strategy
what festival celebrates the rededication of the temple when judas macabeaus was able to take it back?
what group of people were laymen/middle class, followed the torah and prophets and writings, followed the oral law, believed in resurrection, angels, heaven and hell, synagogues
what law was one where you made up laws and regulations to keep the sabbath: rigidly observed these laws, legalistic religion
who were priests/wealthy aristocracy? believed in the torah alone, not oral or the prophets? worshipped in temples?
who were people that believed in reward or punishment in afterlife? strove for righteous lives, pure worship and denial of human passion?
what dynasty was the succession of kings/priests following the seleucid dynasty and it led to the destabilizing of palestine and the opportunity for takeover
who was an ally of caesar and had control over palestine?
who was known as the great builder? king of the jews
herod the great
what was the most memorable of herods projects?
what war was caused by the zelots (revoluntionaries) and resulted in the destruction of the temple?
jewish roman war
what year was the temple destroyed from result of the jewish roman war?
what war did barkohkbah cause that led to the destruction of jerusalem and it being rebuilt by the romans?
second jewish revolt
what did barkokbah believe?
that he was the messiah
books that arent found in the jewish bible/ known as the protestant OT
what does synoptic mean?
what does source criticism seek?
sources behind the gospels (gospels are very similar but have distinct differences)
what was the synoptic problem?
matthew, mark, luke
which gospel is the shortest?
what is found in matthew and luke that is not found in mark?
birth narratives and resurrection
where are the greatest differences in the gospels found?
beginning and ends bc they had different sources. matthew and luke use mark as a source
which methodology was the first proposed solution?
mathean priority (matthew came first, then mark, then luke used both)
which is the predominant view to this day?
two source hypothesis
what is the two source hypothesis?
mark and Q are sources and matthew and luke use both of them
what are the two hypothesis two sources?
mark and Q
what does the Q source mostly consist of?
sayings of jesus
what are the general assumptions of the synoptic?
mark is used by both matthew and luke
the Q source is used by matthew and luke
matthew and luke dont use each other
seeks to isolate analyze and interpret oral tradition, they want to understand the shaping of the material. assume that only meaningful aspects are preserved
what are the isolated oral transmissions
what was the role of the evangelists under the form critics?
they put everything together with no intended message (no order or design to it)
what are the basic elements of methodologies?
narratives and sayings
what seeks the intention of the evangelists as revealed in the selection, arrangement, and modification of material (why in order, what theology are they trying to expose?)
what are the synoptics?
matthew, mark, luke
which gospel emphasizes the jewish messiah and fulfillment of the OT more than any other gospel?
which gospel has 3 sections of 14 generations and has women in the genealogy
which gospel mentions christus victor, is characterized by the word "immediately", and its climax is the prediction of the passion at cicerea phillipi
what name does mark use for God?
son of man
which gospel focuses on universalism, genealogy goes up to adam, uses the name savior
were any of the gospels written by known authors
who was the author of mark ACCORDING TO TRADITION
there was only one gospel that was written in a definite place, which is it and where was it written?
why was mark written
Christus victor (son of man, suffering of messiah)
what was the turning point of mark
confession at caesarea philippi
what was the confession at caesarea philippi?
peter calls jesus Messiah
what was the characteristic action found in mark
who was matthew written by ACCORDING TO TRADITION
tax collector turned into a disciple
what was the characteristics of matthews genealogy?
3 sections of 14 generations with 4 unclean women
why was matthew written?
to show jewish messiah
what were the 5 books of matthew composed of?
paralleling pentateuch, composed of narratives and sayings of jesus
what was the characteristic of matthew?
orderly arrangement and excessive use of OT quotes
the author of luke was also the author of which biblical work?
who was the author of Luke ACCORDING TO TRADITION
physician who traveled with Paul
what were the "We passages"
when they went on sea voyage, changed to we, author traveling with paul?
could also be a literary convention- everytime they talk about sea voyages they use we
why was luke written?
jesus was savior for all people - universalism
what was unique to the organization of Luke?
its journey to jerusalem
what was characteristic to luke?
dedication to theopolis
focused on outcasts (samaritans, tax collectors)
sequel of acts
how was matthews genealogy organized?
3 sections with 14 generations between
what was unusual about the matthew genealogy?
included women in it (typically not included, considered unclean)
what was the first dream of joseph?
not to divorce marry, the baby was Jesus.
what is a fact about the angels in matthew?
they are unnamed and speak only to joseph
what was the scripture that matthew stated was fulfilled in the dream of Joseph?
Isaiah, virginal conception (keathly believes isaiah is a short term prophecy, not prophesying jesus' birth)
what is a fact about the angels in Luke?
talk to marry and are named
which gospel gives the name gabriel to the archangel?
in only what two books is the virginal conception mentioned in the NT?
luke and matthew
how many magi came to see jesus?
we dont know
who were the magi?
why did marry and joseph flee to egypt?
because of herods census to slaughter baby boys under the age of 2
what was the slaughter of the innocent?
herod killing baby boys
whats the best round number for the birth of Jesus?
What is the only Gospel that uses the term savior?
who was a priest who is the father of john the baptist and becomes mute with his experience with the angel and says the benedictus once john is born
who was marys cousins, barren and old, mother of john the baptist
when one is barren, how are they looked upon?
sinful, goes against deuteronomic historian
who are the two annunciations by in luke?
Zechariah and Mary
what are the three hymn texts in luke?
magnificent, benedictus, nuncdimmittis
what was the magnificent?
exclamations by mary upon meeting with Elizabeth
what was the benedictus?
prophecy that Zechariah exclaims after john the baptist was born
why did mary and joseph leave Nazareth and go to bethlehem?
census by herod
what is this passage? "glory to God in the highest..."
gloria, angels to the shepards
who was promised by God that he would not die until he saw the messiah, also says the nunc dimmentis?
"Master, now you are dismissing your servant in peace,
according to your word;
for my eyes have seen your salvation,
which you have prepared in the presence of all peoples,
a light for revelation to the Gentiles
and for glory to your people Israel."
why might luke have intertwined the births of john and jesus?
show that jesus was superior (born of a virgin)
where did mary and joseph find jesus? what was his response?
in the temple, asked why they were looking for them cause he was supposed to be in his fathers house
what was john's baptism for?
repentance for sin
why then was Jesus baptized?
ID with john
ID with sinful humanity
affirmation that he was the son of God whom God was well pleased with
what was the temptation concerned with?
the makeup of jesus' messiahship
what does jesus tell the people he heals in MARK 1 not to do?
tell anyone, messianic secret
do they people that are healed by jesus in mark 1 listen?
no, and popularity grows (messianic secret)
who were the people to oppose jesus?
family, pharisees, townspeople
what does jesus do in response to popularity and opposition?
call up the 12, speak in parables and miracles
how does the calling of the 12 answer popularity and opposition?
helps control crowds,
continues ministry after he is gone
what is Mark 8:27-9:1 referred to as?
what is the background for cicero phillipi?
rejection at Nazareth and opposition of herod antiphus
what does jesus ask his disciples and what do they say?
who am I? they say he is a great prophet and (peter) that he was messiah
in mark, jesus refers to himself as?
son of man
what passage is Mark 9.2-8
who are the characters of the transfiguration?
peter, james, jonh, jesus, elijah, and moses
what does the voice say in Mark 9.2-8
affirms that jesus is the suffering messiah
what is the meaning behind the voice?
affirmation for what jesus has been saying and for jesus its a creation for a new people of God
how does keathly define miracle in the lecture?
event perceived to be an act of god
what is teaching by analogy or comparison
what is a simile "to be like god" along the lines of proverb or a riddle, has a point to it
in mark 4, what do the three parables share in common?
why does jesus use parables?
teach people and avoid persecution
what is theopolis?
could be a person paid for writings, one who loves God, dedication to christianity
what were the three parables told in luke 15?
lost sheep, coin, and father having his son back
what were the 3 parables in luke 15 about?
joy of finding what was lost
what was jesus' favorite self-designation
son of man in MARK
what was the meaning of fulfillment of Zechariah 9:9?
pubic declaration, messiahship, humble way to claim that he is messiah
what was the meaning for the crowds in Zechariah 9:9?
new revolutionary (judas macebeaus
which gospel has two animals in the triumphal entry?
matthew - colt
the cleansing of the temple is intertwined with the cursing of the?
what is the message that jesus is acting out with the fig tree reference?
explained temple as the fig tree, temple stands condemned
what is the connection between the fig tree and temple?
not producing what it has promised (temple must have worship but they have vendors) fig tree wasnt producing figs
what were the controversies concerned with?
messianic authority, pharisees wanted to entrap jesus, should they pay tax and jesus said pay tax but give to god what belongs to HIM
what are examples of the woes to the pharisees?
white washed tomb, pretty on the outside but full of death. pharisees are all for show
what was the context for the eschatological discourse?
destruction of the temple
what jewish religious event did the conspiracy take place
who was caiphas?
high priest at the time, had been for 18 years
why was the anointing at bethany significant for jesus
jesus thought she was preparing bethany for burial
how does keathly explain the anointing?
woman was trying to force jesus to become revolutionary, what she wanted him to be
according to keathly, why might Judas have betrayed jesus?
might of been a zelot, forcing jesus to take up the sword
what did judas betray?
location of jesus away from the crowds
what was the meal that was eaten?
the last supper
what was the memorial that jesus gave
bread and wine
what does gethsemane mean?
jesus predicted the denial of which disciple?
who does jesus take with him to pray?
peter james and john
what is the name jesus calls God in his prayers?
what do the disciples do when jesus was arrested
why would mark have included the passafe about the man who fled away naked?
figurative about disciples running or about the author
who were the sanhedrin?
high court of the jews, held trial of jesus
what were the charges brought against him in the jewish trial?
going to destroy the temple and blasphemy
what was the issue with the testimony of the people in the trial?
it did not agree (no two people said the same thing)
what is jesus convicted of?
what do they chief priests buy with the returned money?
field to bury the dead, field of blood (judas hangs himself)
who was pontius pilate?
what were the charges brought to pilate?
roman- insurrectin (revolutionary)
who was barabbas
revolutionary, pilate released him instead of jesus based on the crowds
what is jesus convicted of in the ROMAN trial?
what was the name of the passerby who is asked to carry the cross for jesus?
simon of cyrene
what did golgotha mean?
calvary "place of the skull"
what are the last words of jesus?
3 in john and luke and 1 in matthew and luke that are in common
my god my god why have you forsaken me
what was the symbolism behind tearing of the veil to the Holy of Holies
god was no longer just there
who asks pilate for jesus' body
joseph of arimathea
guards are placed at the tomb in which gospel
matthew- believe disciples could steal it and lie about jesus resurrection
how does mark end
angel approaches and says he is risen and to tell everyone
what is the earliest account of the resurrection
not in the gospels, in 1 corinthians - letters of paul
in the account of mark, what do we have and what do we not have?
appearances, no mention of the empty tomb or women
mark 16 included?
what was the textual problem in mark?
thinks mark was added later. about how it was written, stops before resurrection
matthew 28, who is the first appearance to?
jesus to the women
where does the second appearance take place?
what do we call jesus' last words to the disciples
great comission (god is with them, to spread the word)
who is the one woman who is in every gospel?
what happens on the road to Emmaus
jesus appears to his desciples, dont recognize him until her breaks bread
how does luke end?
assention in jerusalem only found in luke
temptation in mark?
the new adam, came into his wilderness, was tempted and fell to temptation and enmity as result, jesus comes and reverses that
temptation in luke and matthew
materialism: base it on the material, bread from stones
miracle: base messiahship on miracles, surviving the fall from the temple
military might: bow down succumb to the way of the world, be the judas maccabeaus people wanted
we never seen demon possession in?
epilepsy is known as?
demon possession, used to explain the unexplainable
who made the NT in greek?
alexander the great
the maccabean revolt was against who?
the greeks (antiochus IV)
when were the gospels written?
35-60 years afte rthe death/resurrection of Jesus
when the temple and jerusalem was destroyed, it marked the end of
where was the first church or "mother church"
matthew then luke then mark
what sources were derived from the Q source?
L and N
four sources in the four source hypothesis
mark Q M and L
role of evangelists?
writers of the gospels
place of matthew?
antioch, strong jewish community- northern syria
what was the first narrative?
the three temptations by satan are in which gospels?
matthew and luke
what does messiah mean?
four women who are in the gospel of matthew's genealogy
bathsheba (doesnt call her by name)
what was tamars story?
married brothers and they all kept dying, dresses like a prostitute and carries on the line through her father-in-law
what was rahab story?
was a prostitute in jericho
what was ruths story?
foreigner (moabite) goes with mother-in-law. matthew is writing for jewish wrters
what was bathshebas story?
david kills her husband on the first line, they have an afair
how are the wisemen warned to not go back to herod?
by a dream
where does herod send the soldiers to go and kill the babies?
gift of god
god of salvation
which angel approaches zechariah at the alter of incense and tells him elizabeth she will have a son?
another side of the census?
all the world should be registered
who was a fiery prophet?
which gospel was the messianic secret emphasized in?
in the cleansing of the temple, which gospel does god look around at everything?
what is the new temple?
what mount can you access God?
who tried to force jesus to fight and spent 30 pieces of silver on it?
which gospel includes the magi in the birth narrative?
which gospel inlcudes the shepards in the birth narrative?
which three disciples are always singled out?
peter, john, james
what does the cup symbolize?
what does a tearing of the clothing represent?
which gospel was the death of judas in?
what fact did MARK include about simon of cyrene?
father of rufus and alexander
in which gospel does it tell us that guards were placed at Jesus' tomb?
what gospel was the earliest account of the resurrection?
in matthew, who does god make the first appearance to when he is resurrected?
religion where people built institutions, rigorous program of greek culture
how many rules for the sabbath did the oral law have?
zoroastrianism was the religion of?
pompeys son was?
herod the great
herods 3 sons
philip, antipas, archelaus
what was a loosely knit group, pockets of resistance across land
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