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civil rights study guide
Terms in this set (33)
Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme court decision that declared that "separate but equal" was okay by the Constitution (of course in reality things were separate and NOT equal)
In 1958 the little rock 9 were awarded NAACP Spingarn Medal for contribution of integrating into an all white school.
she refused to abide by segregation, to sit in the back of a bus, it kicked off an important and successful bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama
African-American attorney who successfully argued the Brown v. Board case; he later became the first African-American Supreme Court Justice
Brown v. Board of Education
this Supreme Court decision overturned (reversed) Plessy v. Ferguson, marking the end of the legal segregation of schools and creating momentum for taking more steps toward civil rights in the 1950s and 60s
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city buses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
Martin Luther King Jr.
He became the predominant leader in the Civil Rights Movement to end racial segregation and discrimination in America during the 1950s and 1960s and a leading spokesperson for nonviolent methods of achieving social change.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference- created to to advance the civil rights movement in a nonviolent manner.
Little Rock Nine
The 9 black students that were put in an all white school
Made the schools integrate and served 8 years total of presidency
Waves of african americans went in to diners and sat in the tables for whites to start civil rights movement
SNCC/ Ella Baker
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was used to give young african americans a voice in the civil rights movement.
What region was the focus of the SNCC black voter registration drive?
The young african americans
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation
The man credited with integrating post-secondary education
Violence in Birmingham
American civil rights advocates chose Birmingham, Alabama as the place to launch Project C (for Confrontation), a campaign of nonviolent direct actions against city segregation ordinances.
Civil Rights Act 1964
Allowed citizens of all racial and ethnic group the right to vote
March on Washington
March for for Jobs and Freedom
an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures.
March for freedom in which state troopers and deputized citizens brutally attacked marchers in full view of television
Voting Rights Act 1965
A law passed at the time of the civil rights movement. It eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that had traditionally been used to restrict voting by black people. Within there were riots across the USA.
The riot spurred from an incident on August 11, 1965 when Marquette Frye, a young African American motorist, was pulled over and arrested by Lee W. Minikus, a white California Highway Patrolman, for suspicion of driving while intoxicated.
Newton and Seale wanted to put an end to the uncalled for violence by the local police who would stop, harass and sometimes even kill black people
1952; renamed himself X to signify the loss of his African heritage; converted to Nation of Islam in jail in the 50s, became Black Muslims' most dynamic street orator and recruiter; his beliefs were the basis of a lot of the Black Power movement built on seperationist and nationalist impulses to achieve true independence and equality
Leader of SNCC who believed in the black power movement.
group that believed that African-Americans should rely more on themselves by controlling their own communities and businesses
broke the color barrier in Major League Baseball, playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers
he flirted with a white woman "Carolyn Bryant" at a store and was killed
Mendez v. Westminster
Gonzalo filed and won a class action lawsuit against (4) different school districts. He won again in the Court of Appeals (only because the Court of Appeals stated that segregation violated California Law). It ruled that these students were being separated unfairly, and this was an attack on their 14th ammendment rights.
John F. Kennedy (Civil Rights Agenda)
Was elected as the youngest elected President of the U.S. During his inaugural address he stated "Ask not what your country can do for you---Ask what you can do for your country." Kennedy at first moved slowly on civil rights. Eventually enacts federal legislation protecting blacks. His assassination in Dallas on November 22, 1963 threatens civil rights progress.
Lyndon B. Johnson (Key laws while in office)
became president after john f kennedy was shot
1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
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