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Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition
Terms in this set (38)
The chemical and physical processes that break down rock at Earth's surface.
The process by which water, ice, wind,or gravity moves weathered rock or soil.
The geologic principle that the same geologic processes that operate today operated in the past to change Earth's surface.
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces.
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind.
The process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands.
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes.
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron forms rust.
The characteristic of a material full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through.
Small, solid pieces of material from rocks or organisms; earth materials deposited by erosion.
The process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
A force that moves rocks and other materials downhill; the force that pulls objects towards each other.
Any one of the several processes by which gravity moves sediment downhill.
The water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground.
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water.
A large channel in soil formed by erosion.
A channel through which water is continually flowing downhill.
The ability to do work or cause change.
The wide valley through which a river flows.
A looplike bend in the course of a river.
A meander cut off from a river.
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range.
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake.
The amount of sediment that a river carries.
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean.
The wave-washed sediment along a coast.
The movement of water and sediment down a beach caused by waves coming into shore at an angle.
A beach formed by longshore drift that projects like a finger out into the water.
A deposit of wind-blown sand.
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt.
A large mass of moving ice and snow on land.
A glacier that covers much of a continent or island.
The time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface.
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up in a mountain valley.
The process by which a glacier picks up rock as it flows over the land.
The sediments deposited directly by a glacier.
A ridge formed by the till deposited at the edge of a glacier.
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till.
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