Political party study guide
Terms in this set (78)
What is a political party?
Group seeking to control the government through the winning of elections and seeking of public office.
What are the major parties?
Republican and Democratic.
What is a Partisanship?
What do Political Parties do?
bonding agent (endorse),
and act as a watch dog.
Why are all the functions of Political Parties important?
Explains the American system of government.
What is a Minor Party?
Party without widespread voter support.
What is a Two Party System?
Democrats and Republicans dominating.
What are the reasons for a Two Party System?
-The historical basis
-The force of tradition
-The electoral system
-American ideological consensus
What are two positives of having a two party system?
Helps with unity and allows for voter identification with one group.
What is one negative of having a two party system?
Doesn't provide a whole lot of variety.
What is Plurality?
Largest number of votes cast for an office.
What is the Majority?
More than half the votes cast: 50% + 1.
If we have a pluralistic society, how can we have consensus?
General agreement among various groups.
Why do people argue that the Two Party System should be dropped?
Broader representation and respond better to what the people wanted.
What is the GOP and what party does it represent?
Grand Ole Party - Republican Party
What factor do you believe is the greatest in influencing a person to support a particular political party?
What are the four minor parties?
Set of beliefs
Describe Single Issue:
One policy matter
Describe Economic Protest:
Focus on an enemy of the economic system
Split from major parties
What is the role and importance of minor parties?
Spoiler, innovative, critic.
What is the definition of Suffrage?
Means the right to vote.
When the constitution first came into effect in 1789 the right to vote was restricted to who?
White male property owners.
What is the 15th amendment?
Vote should not be denied because of race or color.
What is the 19th amendment?
Vote would not be denied because of sex.
What are the voter qualifications?
What is the 24th amendment?
Right to vote in any primary or other election, and outlawed the poll tax.
Why was the procedure of voter identification important?
To prevent fraudulent voting.
In the past, why were literacy given?
To ensure that a qualified voter had the ability to cast an informed ballot.
Who were literacy tests aimed at?
Minorities, to discourage them from voting.
What is a Poll Tax?
A payment tax in order to vote.
What are four reasons a person could be denied to vote?
Convicted of a serious crime,
people in mental institutions,
dishonorably discharge from the armed forces,
What is Gerrymandering?
manipulate the boundaries of an electoral constituency.
What is a "Non Voter"?
An individual who is eligible to vote but chooses not to.
What are a few reasons why someone would not want to vote?
Lack of interests, think their vote will not make a difference, satisfied with the political system, distrust of politics, lack of feelings of influence.
What is a "Cannot Voter"?
An individual who is ineligible to vote because because they are not 18 yet or are not a citizen.
What are Demographics?
Categories that describe a person's characteristics: race, gender, or occupation.
African Americans have tended to support which party in recent decades?
A white male suburban voter who earns over $75,000 a year would most likely vote for which party?
A single white female that lives in California and works as a teacher would most likely vote for which party?
What are two reasons for a residency requirement?
To keep a political machine from bribing outsider to affect the outcome, and to allow new voters some time to become familiar with the candidates.
Why do most states require voters to register?
To prevent fraudulent voting.
What are the five ways in which nominations are made in the united states:
Self Announcement, Caucus, Convention, Direct Primary, and Petition.
What is Self Announcement?
A person who wants to run for office simply announces it.
What is Caucus?
A group of people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election.
What is a Convention?
When Caucus collapsed, Convention took place. A party's members meet to pick candidates.
What is a Direct Primary
An intra-party election. It is held within a party to pick that party's candidates for the general election.
What is a Petition?
Candidates for public office are nominated by means of petitions signed by a certain number of qualified voters in the election district.
What is a closed primary?
A party's nominating election in which only declared party members can vote.
What is an open primary?
A party's nominating election in which any qualified voter can cast a ballot.
What are the three arguments for primaries?
-Prevents one party from raiding the other's primary,
-it helps make candidates more responsive to the party,
-it helps make voters more thoughtful because they must choose between parties.
What are the three arguments against primaries?
-It compromises the secrecy of the ballot,
-tends to exclude independent voters from the nomination process,
-and undercuts the concepts of party loyalty.
What is the formula for national election days in the United States?
Tuesday after the first Monday, prevents it from falling on a Sunday and the first day of the month.
What is absentee voting?
Process of voting without actually going to their pulling places.
What is a precinct?
A voting district, smallest geographic units for the conduct of elections.
What is the Polling Place?
The place where voters in a precinct vote.
What is a Ballot?
The device by which a voter registers a choice in an election.
What are the four features of the Australian Ballot?
Printed at public expense,
lists names of all candidates,
given out only at the polls,
and marked in secret.
What is the office group ballot?
The original form of the Australian Ballot.
What are the sources of Campaign Money?
various non party groups,
What is the job of the FEC?
To regulate election campaign finance in the united states.
What is a PAC?
The Political Action Committee, raising and spending money to elect candidates.
Explain the difference between hard and soft money:
What is public opinion?
Views prevalent among the general public.
What are some factors that shape public opinion?
Political socialization, family, education, and mass media.
What are the four ways in which public opinion is measured:
Elections, interests groups, media and personal contacts.
What is a straw vote?
A non-scientific poll that asks many people the same questions often by phone or email.
What are the 5 steps in the polling process?
Prepare valid questions,
and report poll findings and interpret results.
What does Public Agenda mean?
How do candidates use the media?
What is the definition of Interest Groups:
Private organization that tries to persuade public officials to respond to the
What is the goal of interests groups?
They seek to influence the making and content of public policy, they operate wherever policies are made.
What are four positives of interests groups:
1. Help stimulate interests in public affair
2. Represent their members on attitude rather than geography.
3. Provide useful specialized and detailed information to government.
4. Regularly compete with one another in the public arena.
What are four negatives of interests groups:
1. some have influences far out of proportion
2. hard to tell who represents who
3.some groups don't represent all the ones they say they do.
4. some use tactics too widespread.
Why are interest groups created?
Business, labor, agriculture, and certain professions.
What is propaganda?
A technique of persuasion aimed at influencing individual or group behaviors.
What is lobbying?
Activities by which group pressures are brought to bear on legislatures and the legislative process.
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