Health- Relationships and Pregnancy

What is a relationship?
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Terms in this set (26)
Forms of Domestic Violence1. Physical Violence 2. Verbal Violence 3. Social Violence 4. Economic Violence 5. Sexual ViolencePhysical ViolenceAny behaviour that involves touching another person in a violent or aggressive natureVerbal ViolenceUsing words and speech to hurt, offend, insult or belittle another individual or group making them feel inferior or scared o leave an unhealthy situationSocial ViolenceInvolves any act or behaviour that impacts an individual's ability to socialise freely and with whom they wish to.Economic ViolenceUsing money or material goods in order to hold power in a relationshipSexual ViolenceUsing sex or sexual advances in order to exert power, make the victim feel scared, insecure or worthless and embarrass the victimExamples of Domestic Violence1. Physical- Hitting 2. Verbal- Rumours 3. Social- Preventing another from seeing their friends or family 4. Economic- Spending another's money or using their property without permission 5. Sexual- RapeWhat is sexting?Sexting is the sending of sexual messages, photos or videos, online or using a mobile phoneState two possible consequences of taking or forwarding sexually explicit images- Individual might be listed as a sex offender - Individual might face 10 years in jailWhat is a digital footprint?The term 'digital footprint' refers to a trail of emails, attachments, contributions to online forums, tagged photos, videos and text messagesWhat are some features of an intimate relationships?Features of an intimate relationship includes: - Individuals have confidential knowledge of one another - Individuals feel affection for one another - Individuals trust and respect one another - Individuals are committed to the relationship and expect it to continueConception- Prior to conception, an *egg* is released from one of the *ovaries* and begins to travel down the *fallopian tube*. At the moment of conception, a *sperm* cell enters and fertilises the egg, which is sealed off to exclude all other sperm. - When the egg is fertilised, the genes or chromosomes from each parent combine to create a cell. This cell then starts to divide, becoming a collection of cells - The cells continue to divide and grow, moving down the fallopian tube until they reach the uterus between 3 and 7 days later. Once in the uterus, they implant in the lining of the uterus - As a result of the *hormone* changes following conception, the lining of the uterus has already become thicker and has an increased blood supply in preparation for *implantation*. The process of implantation usually takes about one week.PregnancyThe nine months of pregnancy are divided into three stages called trimesters1st Trimester (0-12 weeks):- The fertilised egg settles in the uterus and begins to grow. - By 8 weeks the developing baby has hands and feet, and can pass urine by 10 weeks. - By 12 weeks the baby weighs about 60 grams, and with the fluid around it, is the size of a large egg. Fingers and toes have developed. The head is large in proportion to the rest of the body2nd Trimester (13-28 weeks)- By 14 weeks, morning sickness has usually stopped - At 16 weeks the baby is about 15cm long. Uterus has grown to about half way between the pubic bone and the belly button. - At 20 weeks the baby's heartbeat can be heard. The baby is 20 cm long. There are fine hairs on the head and eyebrows and there are fingernails. The mother can feel movements. - At 28 weeks the foetus measures about 36 cm long, and weighs about 1 kg. The foetus is fully formed but still very immature. A baby born at this stage will need special care, but has a good chance of surviving and being healthy3rd Trimester (29-40 weeks)- At 32 weeks the baby is about 40cm long and weighs about 1.5kg. There is less downy hair on the baby's body; the skin appears red in colour. - At 36 weeks the uterus is at the bottom of the breastbone, its highest level. The mother may find this very uncomfortable and have some difficulty breathing. The baby weighs about 2.5kg and the nails reach the fingerprints. - At 38 weeks the baby is fully formed and developed and spends the next one to four weeks putting on weight and gaining strength for the birth. - At full term (which is usually 40 weeks but can be anywhere between 38 and 42 weeks) the baby has smooth pink skin, usually weighs between 2.8 and 4.5kg and measures about 50cm long.