15 terms

Units 3, 4, and 5 Important Documents

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Zenger Trial
1735 trial that promoted the idea of freedom of the press.
New York Times v US
Prior Restraint. Overruled Nixon's attempt to prevent publication of Vietnam documents
Telecommunications Act of 1996
federal legislation that deregulated the communications media
Communications Decency Act
Attempted to ban internet sexual expression that was patently offensive or indecent- not necessarily obscene- unless minors could be shielded. ACLU filed lawsuit, claiming Act was too broad
New York Times v Sullivan
to libel a public figure, there must be "actual malice"
Federalist 10
by James Madison, says how to guard against factions, special interest groups, by extending the sphere and making sure nobody gets too much power
Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act
1946; intended to allow the government to monitor lobbying activities by requiring lobbyists to register with the government and publicly disclose their salaries, expenses, and nature of activities in DC
Ethics in Government Act
Requires financial disclosure for elected public officials and placed 1 year restriction on former government officials' lobbying activities (the revolving door problem)
Lobbying Disclosure Act
Required lobbyists to register with the clerk of the House and the secretary of the Senate, report their clients and issues and the agency or house they lobbied, and estimate the amount they are paid by each client.
Motor Voter Act
Passed in 1993, this act went into effect for the 1996 election. It requires states to permit people to register to vote at the same time they apply for their driver's license.
Federal Election Campaign Act
1974 legislation designed to regulate campaign contributions and limit campaign expenditures.
Baker v Carr
"One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Buckley v Valeo
Candidates can use as much of their own money on their own campaigns.
Shaw v Reno
NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act
Largely banned party soft money, restored on long-standing prohibition on corporations and labor unions for using general treasury funds for electoral purposes, and narrowed the definition of issue advocacy; also known as the McCain-Feingold Act