21 terms

Social Studies WW1 Vocab

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Airplanes
Used mainly for scouting enemy ground forces. Later used as fighters (attack other planes) or as bombers. Most planes of WW1 wooden biplanes (2 wings)
Doughboys/Yanks
The nickname given to Americans by the British army
Lafayette Escadrille
American volunteer fighter pilots who flew for the French before we entered the war
Bayonet
The long knife fixed at the end of a rifle. Used for thrusting at the enemy
U-Boat
An underwater vessel that used torpedoes to attack merchant and military ships
"Over the Top"
An expression used when soldiers would climb of their trench to attack the enemy
Trench
A long ditch from which soldiers would defend their share of the "front"
Tanks
New weapon first used by the British at the Battle of Somme. Armored vehicles which carried cannons and machine guns. (but were unreliable in WW1)
Zeppelin
Large German blimps filled with Hydrogen. Could carry bombs to London, England. Favorite target of Allied aircraft
Ace
pilots who shot down five enemy planes. Most famous was Baron von Richtoffen (Red Baron) of Germany and Eddie Rickenbacker of America
AEF
American Expeditionary Force. Fought on the Western Front from 1917 to 1918. Led by General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing
Gas Warfare
Chemical weapons used against soldiers. Mustard Gas was the most common type. Illegal by war's end
Fatherland
What the Germans called their country (patriotic term)
Machine Gun
Rapid fire guns. A new weapon of WW1 that accounted for the most casualties (dead, wounded)
(The) Front
The battle line where allied and central powers faced off
No-Man's Land
The area lying between opposing trenches where most fighting occurred
Barbed Wire
A defensive implement. Steel coils that were meant to snare soldiers when they crossed No-Man's Land
Flares
Launched into the sky to light up the battlefield at night
Artillery
Cannons. Long range weapons that were used to break up enemy infantry in trenches
Grenade
A small, hand-held explosive thrown by foot soldiers (infantry)
"Zero Hour"
Expression meaning the time of the attack (Countdown 4-3-2-1-0)