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"EOC Foundations of American Democracy"
Terms in this set (22)
The enlightenment idea of separation of powers was developed by
Baron de Montesquieu
John Locke's theory that certain truths in society come from and are governed by nature is known as the theory of
An agreement between the people and the government.
States if people follow the law the government will protect the people.
What is a contract?
The idea that EVERYONE must follow the law (event the President, Governor, police) known as?
Rule of law
What document guaranteed that not even the king or queen was above the law?
What is the significance of the English Bill of Rights?
individual rights should be protected; power of government is limited
What was the first document that established self-government by creating a direct democracy in the colonies
What pamphlet was used to persuade people to declare independence from Great Britain?
Who wrote Common Sense?
What were some of the colonial responses to unfair English policies created by King George III and Parliament
Boston Tea Party, boycott, protest
What is a boycott?
Refuse to buy
What was the motto (slogan) of the colonists?
No taxation without representation
What was the Quartering Act?
Required colonists to keep British soldiers in their houses
What is a grievance?
What were the main grievance against Britain in the Declaration of Independence?
taxing without representation, and lack of government by the consent of the people
John Locke's theory of .............. guaranteed that all individuals are entitled to basic rights such as life, liberty, and property
What are the three natural rights listed in the Declaration of Independence that cannot be taken away by the government?
Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Which document outlined the first form of government for the United States?
Articles of Confederation
Which system of government did the Articles of Confederation create?
a confederal system means there is no strong central government
Why did the founding fathers get rid of the Articles of confederation and start a new Constitution?
It was weak and ineffective
Major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
Central Government was too weak, no national courts to settle disputes, no national currency, no ability to raise taxes