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69 terms

Realism, Naturalism, and Modernism

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complacent
self-satisfied; so self-satisfied that one sees no need for change; unconcerned
conflagration
a destructive fire, usually an extensive one; conflict, war
defer
to put off or delay to a future time
demagogue
person who gains power by arousing emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people
depreciate
to lessen the value or price of; to represent as of little value or merit
despondency
depression of spirits from loss of courage or hope
equanimity
mental or emotional stability esp under stress; calmness
extricate
to free or release from something
frugal
economical in use or expenditure; not wasteful
furtive
sly, shifty; done surreptitiously or with stealth
garish
excessively ornate or elaborate
gyration
the act of moving in a circle or spiral around a fixed point
haberdashery
a retail dealer in men's furnishings (shirts, ties, gloves, socks, hats, etc)
harangue
long, pompous speech or writing; long or intense scolding
hedonist
person whose life is devoted to the pursuit of pleasure and self-gratification
iconoclast
person who attacks cherished beliefs or traditions
immutable
unchangeable; changeless
imperative
absolutely necessary or required
inanimate
lifeless; spiritless; dull
incorrigible
bad beyond correction or reform; impervious to punishment, unruly
indolent
having a disposition to avoid exertion; lazy
interminable
unending; incessant; often monotonous
intrepid
resolutely fearless; dauntless
laconic
using few words; expressing much in few words; concise
languid
lacking vigor, vitality, spirit, or interest; weak or fatigued
loquacious
talking excessively and freely; talkative; chattering
malign
to speak harmful lies about someone
malinger
to pretend illness, often to avoid work
martinet
strict disciplinarian
misgiving
feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehension
misogyny
hatred, dislike, or mistrust of women
myriad
indefinitely great number of persons or things
opulent
wealthy, rich, or affluent
oscillate
to vary between differing beliefs, opinions, etc.
ostentatious
attempting to impress others using pretentious or conspicuous show
perfidious
deliberately faithless; treacherous
pious
dutiful spirit of reverence for God; connotation- hypocritical concern with religious devotion
prostrate
to lay flat on the ground in humility, submission, or adoration
stolid
not easily stirred or moved mentally; impassive
surmise
to think or infer without certain strong evidence; guess
tangible
capable of being touched; not vague
colloquialism
word/phrase used in everyday plain or relaxed speech; rarely found in formal writing
Realism
lit. movement; tendency to create detailed analyses of the way "things really are"
realism
refers to any artistic/literary portrayal of life in an accurate manner
interior monologue
author depicts the interior thoughts of 1 individual with little/no commentary
local color
the use of specific details to re-create the language, customs, geography, and habits of a particular area.
protest theme
using lit. to voice an injustice that should be changed
marxism
human actions and institutions are economically determined
regionalism
shows local color; paints a true picture of a setting
psychological realism
sense that fictional characters have realistic emotional/intellectual depth; lit. that shows this depth
psychoanalysis
theories concerning the relation of the conscious and unconscious minds
Naturalism
lit. movement seeking to depict life accurately and show the power of nature over humans
"Immutable Will"
the controlling forces of the universe
Jazz Age
increased prosperity, liberated social behavior; development of jazz and ragtime; 1918-1929
lost generation
group of 20th century authors who grew disillusioned after WWI and lived in Europe to withdraw themselves from America
dramatic monologue
poem in which a speaker addresses the reader or an internal listener, revealing the speaker's innermost thoughts and feelings
stream of consciousness
character's thoughts are presented in an apparently random form with no logical sequence or syntax
Frederick Douglass
My Bondage and My Freedom
Kate Chopin
"Desiree's Baby"
Kate Chopin
"The Story of an Hour"
Ambrose Bierce
"An Occurence at Owl Creek Bridge"
Stephen Crane
"The Open Boat"
William Faulkner
"A Rose for Emily"
Mark Twain
Life on the Mississippi
Mark Twain
"The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
Katherine Anne Porter
"The Jilting of Granny Weatherall"
T. S. Eliot
"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
F. Scott Fitzgerald
"Winter Dreams"
Ernest Hemingway
"In Another Country"