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Test 6- Most commons
Terms in this set (106)
Common causes of contact dermatitis?
Detergents, acids, alkalis, solvents, formaldehyde, and fiberglass
Most common form of ichthyosis?
Most common area of dermatophyte infections?
Feet and groin
Most common gender and age group for dermatophyte infections?
Teens and young adults and Males
Dermatophyte infections where is common in advancing age population?
Tinea capitis is common in who?
Children and elderly
What gender is tinea cruis more common in?
Most common cause of tinea cruis?
T. rubrum and E. floccosum
Most common form of tinea pedis consists of?
Fissuring, scaling, and maceration in the interdigital spaces
Common areas candiadal intertrigo infect?
Groin, inflammatory region, and folds of the abdominal pannus
Where does tinea versicolor (pityriasis versicolor) commonly involve?
Upper trunk, btu arms, axillae, abdomen, and groin too
Impetigo (bacterial) commonly occurs where?
Extremities and areas around mouth and nose
Ecthyma (bacterial) commonly occurs where?
Most common site of cellulitis and erysipelas?
Face and lower extremities
Cellulitis and erysipelas commonly occurs with?
Tinea pedis and obesity predisposes it
Drug of choice for streptococci caused cellulitis and erysipelas?
Cutaneous anthrax is commonly from?
First line of treatment drug as a scabicides?
5% permethrin cream (Elmite)
Pediculosis capitis lesions most commonly occur where?
Shoulders, buttocks, and abdomen
Erythema nodosum commonly occurs where?
What physical characteristic is common in a patient with hyperlipoproteinemia with xanthomas?
Xanthelasmas of the eyelids
Generalized erythematous eruption commonly occurs in what?
Perianal and scrotal erythema and scaling
Necrobiosis lipoidica (w/ DM) occur where?
Triad of Graves Disease?
Exopathalmos, hyperthyroidism, and pretibial myxedema (skin colored nodules and plaques on skin on shins to dorsa of feet)
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria in adults commonly present with?
Loss of digits, ears and nose
A common presentation of Congenital erythropoietic porphyria is?
Prophyria cutanea tarda vesicle formation commonly occurs where?
What AIDS/HIV opportunistic infection is common?
Most common organisms of necrotizing fasciitis?
Hemolytic group A streptococcus and MRSA
With SLE anticardiolipin antibody syndrome may commonly present with?
Most common form of cancer in humans?
Malignant tumors of epidermis
Most common skin cancer?
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Sixth most common cancer in US?
ABCD mnemonic for malignant melanoma?
Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color variation, Diameter > 6mm
Only drug approved at present with distant metastases of malignant melanoma?
In men what metastatic tumor is most common?
Cutaneous lymphoma most commonly begin where?
Thighs and trunk
Common cause of death with cutaneous lymphomas?
Sepsis from ulcerated lesions
Psoriasis is more common in?
blacks in temperate zones
90% of psoriasis is plaque-type psoriasis is most commonly involved with?
Elbows, knees and scalp, and NAILS
Psoriatic arthritis most common site of involvement?
Distal interphalangeal joint (DIP)
Most commonly prescribed medication for psoriasis?
Acitretin, a systemic therapy for psoriasis has what common side effect?
Cyclosporine, a systemic therapy for psoriasis has what common side effect?
Elevations of lipids and liver enzymes
Cyclosporine, a systemic therapy for psoriasis has what most serious side effect?
HTN and nephrotoxicity
Most common form of pemphigus?
Paraneoplastic pemphigus is common with?
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Most common drug related pemphigus?
Pencillamine and captopril
What gender is dermatitis herpetiformis common in?
Among children and adults less than 44 years of age what is the leading cause of death?
Crucial first priority in primary survey with acute management with trauma?
Ensure adequate airway, oximetry to follow ventilation
Most commonly secondary to inadequate circulating volume due to hemorrhage?
Most common thoracic injury?
Beck's triad for cardiac tamponade?
Distended neck vein, muffled heart sounds, and hypotension
Most commonly injured intra-abdominal organ?
Most commonly injured organ penetrating abdominal trauma?
The only immediate life-threatening complication from trauma?
The most common dermatologic problem of teen years?
Acne vulgaris and rosacea
Where does Acne vulgaris most commonly occur?
Common triggers of rosacea?
Alcohol, exercise, extremes of temperature, and hot or spicy foods
Most commonly used systemic therapy for acne vulgaris?
Doxycycline, erythromycin, minocycline, tetracycline, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
Common condition that often begins in the 2nd or 3rd decade of life?
Common, self-limited, exanthematous disease characterized by oval papulosquamous lesions on the trunk and proximal areas of the extremities?
Common sites of involvement with lichen planus?
Skin, nails, mucous membranes, vulva, and penis
The most common cause of otitis externa?
Most common source in the US causing allergic contact dermatitis?
Toxicodendron, the plant genus that includes poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac
The gold standard for diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis?
Most skin reaction to topically applied drugs?
Allergic contact dermatitis
Three most common drugs causes topical medication allergy?
Topical antibiotics (neomycin, bacitracin), topical anesthetics (Benzocaine), topical antihistamines (doxepin)
Topical medication allergy is common in who?
Persons with other dermatitis, especially stasis dermatitis
Most common causes of photosensitivity (dermatitis)?
Photosensitizing drugs (thiazides, sulfonamides, tetracycline) or cutaneous exposure to psoralen in plants
Most common cause of photoallergy (dermatitis)?
Sunscreens containing oxybenzone
Most common adverse drug reaction?
Simple eruptions of exanthematous eruptions- morbilliform, maculopapular, or scarlatiniform
Triad of complex eruptions of hypersensitivity syndrome reaction?
fever, skin eruption, and internal organ involvement
When does complex eruptions of hypersensitivity syndrome reaction most frequently occur?
On first exposure to drug
Common presenting symptoms of complex eruptions of hypersensitivity syndrome reaction?
fever and malaise accompanied by pharyngitis and cervical lymphadenopathy
Simple eruptions of blistering eruptions common occur where?
Genitalia and in perineal area
Drugs most frequently involved with complex eruptions of erythema multiforme, Steven Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necorolysis?
Anticonvulsants, antibiotics, and NSAIDs
Triad for complex eruptions of erythema multiforme, Steven Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necorolysis?
Membrane erosions, target lesions, and epidermal necrosis with skin detachment
Common condition with multiple skin-colored or yellowish, often umbilicated papules or plaques?
Usually on forehead, nose, or cheeks of persons after the 5th decade?
Commonly called wens?
Epidermoid cyst commonly occurred where?
Located on the back
Triad of Gardner Syndrome?
Intestinal polyposis, bony tumors, and soft tissue lesions
Birt- Hogg Syndrome cutaneous triad?
Fibrofolliculomas, trichodiscomas, and acrochordons
Most common of all skin tumors?
Melanocytic nevus (melanocytic (pigment forming) tumors)
Where is melanocytic nevus most common at?
Sun exposed skin areas
Common benign congenital or acquired birthmarks?
Café au lait spots (melanocytic (pigment forming) tumors)
Keloid and hypertrophic scar is common in what ethnic group?
AA, Hispanics, and persons with other family members with keloids
Vascular birthmarks, hemangiomas is common in what gender?
Females 5:1 males
Vascular birthmarks, vascular malformations is common in what gender?
Common birth mark, aka?
Acquired vascular disorders is commonly seen where?
Neck, trunk, and upper extremities
Most common cause of diffuse alopecia?
Who is trichotillomania more common in?
What are the 5 major structure of nail complex?
Nail matrix, nail bed, nail plate, nail folds, and cuticle
Common complaint of nail plate disorder?
Brittle nails with common cause of dehydration of nail exacerbated by finger nail polish remover or dry climate
What is most commonly associated with nail pitting?
Most common infection of the nail characterized by nail bed and plate involvement?
Most common type of fungal nail infection?
Dermatophyte onychomycosis (tinea unguium)
Most common causes of onychomycosis?
Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes
Common acquired symmetrical hypermelanosis characterized by irregular light-brown to gray-brown macules involving the face (mostly cheeks, forehead, upper lips, nose, and chin)?
Melasma (disorder of hyperpigmentation)
Melasma is common in who?
Female of darker complexions
Common acquired, idiopathic skin disorder characterized by one or more patches of depigmented skin- loss of cutaneous melanocytes?
Idiopathic gluttate hypomelanosis is more prevalent in?
darker skinned ethnic groups
Lesions in Idiopathic gluttate hypomelanosis most commonly occur?
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