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Chapter 13 - Psychological Therapies
Terms in this set (56)
treatment methods that helps people feel better and function more effectively
therapy for mental disorders where a person talks out their problems with a psychological professional.
therapy for people with mental disorders which a biological or medical treatment is used to treat symptoms
The main goal of this type of therapy is to help people gain insight into their behavior, thoughts, and feelings
Therapy where the main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly.
therapy based on the theory of Freud, emphasizing revealing unconscious conflicts
actual content of one's dream
What the dream means
Psychoanalytic technique where a patient is encouraged to talk about anything that comes to mind without fear of negative evaluations
When a patient becomes reluctant to talk about a certain topic by changing the subject or becoming silent
A patient or client projects positive or negative feelings for important people from the past onto the therapist
Therapy in which the therapist gives their interpretations of a client's behavior and suggests certain behavior or actions
Therapies based on psychoanalysis with importance placed on transference, shorter treatment times, and a more direct therapeutic approach
Therapy style in which the therapist remains neutral and does not interpret or take direct actions to the client. Remains the listener while the client talks.
Nondirective, Based off of Carl Rogers, the client does all the talking and the therapist listens
Unconditional Positive Regard
Atmosphere of love, warmth, respect, and affection with no conditions attached. Created by therapist in person-centered therapy for the client.
Therapy technique where a therapist restates what the client says, not interpreting the statements
Ability of the therapist to understand how the client is feeling
Genuine, open and honest response to the client from the therapist
Directive-insight therapy, therapist helps clients to accept their feelings and experiences, using questions and planned experiences.
Action therapies, based on classical and operant conditioning, aimed at changing behavior without figuring out the cause of the unwanted behavior
Behavior Modification or Applied Behavior Analysis
Using learning techniques to modify or change undesirable behavior and increase desireable behavior
Treats phobias, Client makes a list of ordered fears and taught to relax while concentrating on those fears
An undesirable behavior is paired with an unpleasant stimulus to reduce the frequency of the behavior
Treatment of phobias and other stress disorders, the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object and prevented from taking a usual avoidance or escape response
Learining through observation and imitation of others
A model demonstrates the desired behavior in a step-by-step slow process where the client is encouraged to mimic the model
Strengthening a response by following it with a pleasurable consequence or the removal of an unpleasent stimulus
Use of objects called tokens where tokens can be exchanged for desired items or privileges as a form of reinforcement
A formal written agreement between client and therapist in which the goals for behavioral change, reinforcements, and penalties are clearly stated.
Removal of a reinforcer to reduce the frequency of a behavior
Extinction process where the person is removed from the situation that provides reinforcement for undesirable behavior, usually being placed in a quiet corner or room away from any reinforcement opportunities
Therapy that focuses on clients recognizing irrational beliefs, and distortions in their thinking and replacing those with realistic and helpful thoughts.
A person draws a conclusion that is not based on any evidence
A person focuses on only one aspect of the situation and ignores all of the other relevant aspects.
A person makes sweeping conclusions based on only one incident or event and applies those conclusions to unrelated events.
Magnification and Minimization
A person blows (a) negative effect(s) out of proportion while ignoring the importance of the positive effect(s)
Not everything is about you
Action therapy, Goal is to help clients overcome problems by learning to think more logically and rationally
Rational-Emotive Behavior Therpay
Cognitive-behavioral therapy in which clients are directly challenged by their therapist to construct their irrational beliefs into rational ones.
Family Counseling (Family Therapy)
Family members meet with a counselor or therapist to resolve problems that affect the family.
Self-Help Groups (Support Groups)
A group of people who have similar problems and who meet together without a therapist to problem solve, discuss their issues and for social and emotional support.
Eye-movement desensitization reprocessing (EDMR)
Controversial therapy for PTSD and similar anxiety problems where the client is directed to move their eyes back and forth while thinking of a disturbing memory
Therapy style that results from combining elements of several different therapy techniques
Psychotherapy that is offered on the internet
therapies that directly affect the functioning of the body and brain
The use of drugs to control or relieve the symptoms of psychological disorders
Drugs used to treat psychotic symptoms ie. delusions, hallucinations, or bizarre behavior
Used to treat and calm anxiety reactions, typically minor tranquilizers
Drugs used to treat depression and anxiety
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Treats severe depression where electrodes are placed on one or both sides of a person's head and an electric current is passed through the electrodes enough to cause a seizure or convulsion.
electrodes are placed on both sides of the head
electrodes are only placed on one side of the head
Surgery performed on brain tissue to relieve or control severe psychological disorders
The connections of the prefrontal lobes to the rear are severed
An electrode wire is inserted into the cingulated gyrus area of the brain with the guidance of an MRI machine for the purpose of destroying that area of brain tissue with an electric current
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