Emphasized conscious motivation; "we are in drivers seat"
Allport's personality definition:
the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine one's unique adjustment to one's environment
represent both the structure and the dynamics of personality; are hypothetical concepts (not tangible)
shaped by cultural norms and values, ex: cooperative vs competetive societies
Personal Dispositions: Cardinal Disposition
An extreme, all pervasive characteristic ex: extreme desire for power
Highly characteristic of the individual
Situational specific; large in number
Consists of various self-functions or ego-functions, known as the propriate functions, favilitates and motivates behavior. Not innate, developed oer time, emphasis on forward movement
Sense of bodily self, continuing self identity, self esteem, and pride
extention of self, a more refined self image, extending self outward into posessions ex: "my toy", begining to own posessions
greater self awareness, coping by means of reason and thought
intentions, long range purposes, distant goals "propriate strivings"
an activity or behavior may become an end or goal in itself, despite the fact that it was originally engaged in for some other reason ex: fishing-originally for survival, now may be hobby. knitting, hunting, gardening