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18 terms

Gordon Allport: Dispositional Trait Theory

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Dispositional Trait Theory
Emphasized conscious motivation; "we are in drivers seat"
Allport's personality definition:
the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine one's unique adjustment to one's environment
Traits
represent both the structure and the dynamics of personality; are hypothetical concepts (not tangible)
Common Traits
shaped by cultural norms and values, ex: cooperative vs competetive societies
Personal Dispositions: Cardinal Disposition
An extreme, all pervasive characteristic ex: extreme desire for power
Central Disposition
Highly characteristic of the individual
Seconday Disposition
Situational specific; large in number
The Proprium
Consists of various self-functions or ego-functions, known as the propriate functions, favilitates and motivates behavior. Not innate, developed oer time, emphasis on forward movement
B-3
Sense of bodily self, continuing self identity, self esteem, and pride
4-6 yrs
extention of self, a more refined self image, extending self outward into posessions ex: "my toy", begining to own posessions
6-12 yrs
greater self awareness, coping by means of reason and thought
Adolescence
intentions, long range purposes, distant goals "propriate strivings"
Functional autonomy
an activity or behavior may become an end or goal in itself, despite the fact that it was originally engaged in for some other reason
ex: fishing-originally for survival, now may be hobby. knitting, hunting, gardening
Propriate Functional Autonomy
Acquired interests, self enhancement, values clarification
Perservative functional autonomy
addictions, circular mechanisms (not self preservaton or self enhancement), behavior is reinforcing, conditioning cues
Nomothetic approach
general classes or categories, larges #s. common approach in psych
ideographic approach
examine uniqueness of single individual; focus on one person in detail, favored by Allport
single subject research designs
are consistent with Allport's reccomendation that psychologists conduct more idiographic research