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66 terms

The Respiratory System (Chapter 7)

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laryng/o
voice box
pneum/o
lung
phon/o
voice, sound
trache/o
windpipe
pulmon
lung
thorax
chest
The heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea are located in the ___________.
mediastinum
The __________ acts as a lid over the entrance to the esophagus.
epiglottis
The innermost layer of a pleura is known as the ________ ______.
visceral pleura
The _______ sinuses are located just above the eyes.
frontal
The smallest divisions of the bronchial tree are the ___________.
bronchioles
During respiration, the exchange of gases takes place through the walls of the _______.
alveoli
The term meaning spitting blood or blood-stained sputum is __________.
hemoptysis
Grinder's disease is the lay term for _________.
silicosis
The term _________ means an abnormally rapid rate of respiration.
tachypnea
The term meaning any vocie impairment is _________.
dysphonia
nasopharynx
first division of the pharynx
oropharynx
second division of the pharynx
laryngopharynx
third division of the pharynx
larynx
voice box
trachea
windpipe
The exchange of gases within the cells of the body is known as ________.
internal
The term that describes the lung disease caused by cotton, flax, or hemp dust is __________.
byssinosis
The form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination is _________ pneumonia.
bacterial
The term commonly known as shortness of breath is _______.
dyspnea
The emergency procedure to gain access below a blocked airway is called a ___________.
tracheotomy
The thick mucus secreted by the tissues that line the respiratory passages is called ______.
phlegm
The medical term meaning an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity is _______.
empyema
the medical name for the disease commonly known as the whooping cough is _________.
pertussis
The medical term for the condition commonly known as TB is ____________.
tuberculosis
One of the terms used to describe the common cold is _______________.
nasopharyngitis
upper respiratory infection
URI
sudden infant death syndrome
SIDS
acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARDS
The term meaning the act of drawing a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract is __________.
aspiration
The term meaning abnormally rapid deep breathing is ________________.
hyperventilation
The term meaning the surgical repair of the trachea is _____________.
tracheoplasty
The diaphragm is relaxed during __________.
exhalation
Durign a/an ______ attack, the muscles of the airways contract.
asthma
The term meaning an absence of spontaneous respiration is _____.
apnea
The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx is a/an ____________.
laryngospasm
The term meaning the escape of fluid into a body cavity is ________.
effusion
The term meaning pain in the pleura or side is _________.
pleuralgia
The term meaning bleeding from the lungs is ______________.
pneumorrhagia
anthracosis
lay term for black lung disease
phrenic nerves
stimulate the diaphragm and cause it to contract
antitussive
administered to prevent or relieve coughing
tracheostomy
term meaning surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea to insert a breathing tube
asthma
chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
bronchospasm
a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut
bronchorrhea
an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
oropharynx
visible when looking at the back of the mouth
polysomnography
measures physiological activity during sleep and is most often performed to detect nocturnal defects in breathing associated with sleep apnea
pneumorrhagia
bleeding from the lungs
cystic fibrosis
Baby Jamison was born with _________.This is a genetic disorder in which lungs are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus
pleurectomy
Dr. Lee surgically removed a portion of the lung. this procedure is known as a
bronchodilator
during his asthma attacks, Nelson uses an inhlaer containing a _________. this medication expands the opening of the passages into the lungs
epistaxis
when hit during a fight, roper's nose started to bleed. the medical term for this condition
hemothorax
accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity
septoplasty
surgical repair of the nasal septum
tracheostomy
Coleman required the permanent replacement of a breathing tube. the procedure for the placement of this tube is called
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura that causes pleurodynia, is known as
sputum
the substance ejected through the mouth and used for diagnostic purposes in respiratory disorders
cyanosis
term meaning bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen
laryngospasm
medical term meaning sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
cheyne-stokes respiration
pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow