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Chapter 8 Quiz Questions - Psychology
Terms in this set (46)
The ability to solve problems and to adapt and learn from experiences is a description of
Which of the following concepts encompasses problem-solving skills and the ability to learn from and adapt to experiences?
Who is credited with the development of the first intelligence test?
Binet felt intelligence consists of complex cognitive processes including which of the following?
People with an IQ of 115 have:
a higher mental age than their chronological age
Which of the following statements is correct regarding the Wechsler Intelligence Scales?
An adolescent could take either the WISC-IV or the WAIS-IV
Which of the following is in the triarchic theory of intelligence?
The intelligence proposed by Howard Gardner that involves the ability to understand oneself is called ________ intelligence
______ intelligence emphasizes interpersonal, intrapersonal, and practical aspects of intelligence
The _____ effect is the worldwide increase in intelligence test scores that has occurred over a short time frame
Tests that have questions that are familiar to children . from all socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds and tests that have no verbal questions are examples of _________ tests
One's accumulated information and verbal skills are components of _____ intelligence
______ intelligence is a person's ability to reason abstractly, and typically begins to decline in middle adulthood
An assessment of individuals of different ages at the same point in time is a description of a ______study
Assessing parents' and offsprings' overall cognitive functioning between the ages of 60 and 67 years, Schaie found that
the parent generation showed cognitive declines during this time period, whereas their offspring showed stability or slight increases
Identify the six mental abilities assessed in the Seattle Longitudinal Study
Findings from the Seattle Longitudinal Study of cognitive abilities across the lifespan indicated that:
there were more peaks than declines in cognitive abilities in middle age
The speed and accuracy of which processes are involved in cognitive mechanics?
Visual and motor memory
Cognitive ______ are the culture-based "software" programs of the mind
_______ is exceptional insight about human development and life matters, and is considered expert knowledge about the practical aspects of life
In addition to an IQ below 70, which of the following factors are necessary for a diagnosis of intellectual disability?
Difficulty adapting to everyday life
An organic intellectual disability occurring with the presence of an extra chromosome is called
Individuals with ______ intellectual disability usually have IQs that range from 0 to 50 as a result of a genetic disorder or brain damage
Some suspected causes of _______ intellectual disabilities include growing up in a below-average intellectual environment
People who are gifted have above-average intelligence which equates to an iQ of ____ or higher
Research supports the conclusion that gifted people tend to have ______ emotional problems than others
What is a characteristic of gifted children (about help)?
Gifted children need minimal help from adults to learn in some areas
Signs of domain-specific giftedness usually emerge during the ____ years
What factors have to be considered in discussing creativity and its genesis?
Contrasts in creative fields
_______ thinking produces many different answers to the same question and characterizes creativity
What are the steps of the creative process?
______ thinking is the ability to think in novel and unusual ways and to come up with unique solutions to problems
_______ is a technique in which individuals are encouraged to come up with creative ideas in a group, play off each other's ideas, and say practically whatever comes to mind
______ age is Binet's measure of an individual's level of intellectual development compared with that of others
Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-IV)
2 years 6 months to 7 years 7 months
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV)
6 to 16 years of age
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV)
16 years and up
What is Gardner's proposed types of intelligences?
Emotional intelligence is defined by which of the following abilities?
The ability to accurately understand emotion
The ability to manage emotions
The ability to perceive and express emotion
Crystallized intelligence includes
How is fluid intelligence defined?
As the ability to reason abstractly
What are the findings of the Seattle Longitudinal Studies?
Highest level of function of four of six abilities occurred during middle adulthood
(verbal ability, verbal memory, inductive reasoning, spatial orientation peaked in middle age)
Numeric ability and perceptual speed declined in middle age
Perceptual speed declines in early adulthood
Middle-age men and women showed similar levels of peak performance in most cognitive abilities
The IQs for individuals with cultural-familial intellectual disability range from
55 to 70
A person is considered gifted when...
They have intellectual superiority and academic aptitude
The intelligence proposed by Howard Garnder that involves the ability to understand oneself is called ________ intelligence
One's accumulated information and verbal skills are components of ________ intelligence
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